Isaiah 23:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The LORD has stretched out his hand over the sea and made its kingdoms tremble. He has given an order concerning Phoenicia that her fortresses be destroyed.

New Living Translation
The LORD held out his hand over the sea and shook the kingdoms of the earth. He has spoken out against Phoenicia, ordering that her fortresses be destroyed.

English Standard Version
He has stretched out his hand over the sea; he has shaken the kingdoms; the LORD has given command concerning Canaan to destroy its strongholds.

New American Standard Bible
He has stretched His hand out over the sea, He has made the kingdoms tremble; The LORD has given a command concerning Canaan to demolish its strongholds.

King James Bible
He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He stretched out His hand over the sea; He made kingdoms tremble. The LORD has commanded that the Canaanite fortresses be destroyed.

International Standard Version
He has stretched out his hand over the sea; he has made kingdoms tremble. The LORD has issued orders concerning Canaan to destroy its strongholds.

NET Bible
The LORD stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook kingdoms; he gave the order to destroy Canaan's fortresses.

New Heart English Bible
He has stretched out his hand over the sea. He has shaken the kingdoms. The LORD has ordered the destruction of Canaan's strongholds.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD has stretched his hand over the sea to shake kingdoms. He has commanded that Canaan's fortifications be destroyed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He hath stretched out His hand over the sea, He hath shaken the kingdoms; The LORD hath given commandment concerning Canaan, To destroy the strongholds thereof;

New American Standard 1977
He has stretched His hand out over the sea,
            He has made the kingdoms tremble;
            The LORD has given a command concerning Canaan to demolish its strongholds.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He stretched out his hand over the sea; he shook the kingdoms; the LORD commanded upon Canaan that her strength should be weakened.

King James 2000 Bible
He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD has given a commandment against Canaan, to destroy its strongholds.

American King James Version
He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD has given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof.

American Standard Version
He hath stretched out his hand over the sea, he hath shaken the kingdoms: Jehovah hath given commandment concerning Canaan, to destroy the strongholds thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He stretched out his hand over the sea, he troubled kingdoms: the Lord hath given a charge against Chanaan, to destroy the strong ones thereof.

Darby Bible Translation
He hath stretched out his hand over the sea, he shaketh the kingdoms. Jehovah hath given a commandment concerning Canaan, to destroy the strongholds thereof,

English Revised Version
He hath stretched out his hand over the sea, he hath shaken the kingdoms: the LORD hath given commandment concerning Canaan, to destroy the strong holds thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
He stretched his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy its strong holds.

World English Bible
He has stretched out his hand over the sea. He has shaken the kingdoms. Yahweh has ordered the destruction of Canaan's strongholds.

Young's Literal Translation
His hand He hath stretched out over the sea, He hath caused kingdoms to tremble, Jehovah hath charged concerning the merchant one, To destroy her strong places.
Study Bible
The Fall of Tyre
10Overflow your land like the Nile, O daughter of Tarshish, There is no more restraint. 11He has stretched His hand out over the sea, He has made the kingdoms tremble; The LORD has given a command concerning Canaan to demolish its strongholds. 12He has said, "You shall exult no more, O crushed virgin daughter of Sidon. Arise, pass over to Cyprus; even there you will find no rest."…
Cross References
Exodus 14:21
Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD swept the sea back by a strong east wind all night and turned the sea into dry land, so the waters were divided.

Isaiah 5:25
On this account the anger of the LORD has burned against His people, And He has stretched out His hand against them and struck them down. And the mountains quaked, and their corpses lay like refuse in the middle of the streets. For all this His anger is not spent, But His hand is still stretched out.

Isaiah 13:13
Therefore I will make the heavens tremble, And the earth will be shaken from its place At the fury of the LORD of hosts In the day of His burning anger.

Isaiah 14:26
"This is the plan devised against the whole earth; and this is the hand that is stretched out against all the nations.

Isaiah 19:5
The waters from the sea will dry up, And the river will be parched and dry.

Isaiah 23:10
Overflow your land like the Nile, O daughter of Tarshish, There is no more restraint.

Isaiah 25:2
For You have made a city into a heap, A fortified city into a ruin; A palace of strangers is a city no more, It will never be rebuilt.

Isaiah 50:2
"Why was there no man when I came? When I called, why was there none to answer? Is My hand so short that it cannot ransom? Or have I no power to deliver? Behold, I dry up the sea with My rebuke, I make the rivers a wilderness; Their fish stink for lack of water And die of thirst.

Ezekiel 26:4
'They will destroy the walls of Tyre and break down her towers; and I will scrape her debris from her and make her a bare rock.

Zechariah 9:3
For Tyre built herself a fortress And piled up silver like dust, And gold like the mire of the streets.
Treasury of Scripture

He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD has given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof.

stretched

Isaiah 2:19 And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves …

Isaiah 14:16,17 They that see you shall narrowly look on you, and consider you, saying, …

Exodus 15:8-10 And with the blast of your nostrils the waters were gathered together, …

Psalm 46:6 The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, …

Ezekiel 26:10,15-19 By reason of the abundance of his horses their dust shall cover you: …

Ezekiel 27:34,35 In the time when you shall be broken by the seas in the depths of …

Ezekiel 31:16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast …

Haggai 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall …

the Lord

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people …

Psalm 71:3 Be you my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: …

Jeremiah 47:7 How can it be quiet, seeing the LORD has given it a charge against …

Nahum 1:14 And the LORD has given a commandment concerning you, that no more …

against the merchant city. or, concerning a merchantman

Isaiah 23:3 And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, …

Hosea 12:7,8 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress…

the merchant city. Heb. Canaan

Genesis 9:25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be …

Genesis 10:15-19 And Canaan begat Sidon his first born, and Heth…

Zechariah 14:21 Yes, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness to the …

Mark 11:17 And he taught, saying to them, Is it not written, My house shall …

John 2:16 And said to them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not …

strong holds. or, strengths

Zechariah 9:3,4 And Tyrus did build herself a strong hold, and heaped up silver as …

(11) He shook the kingdoms.--The picture of the great convulsion of the time includes more than Tyre and its subject states. Egypt, Ethiopia, Babylon, Syria, Israel, Judah, were all affected, shaken as to their very foundations, by the rapid progress of the restored Assyrian empire under Tiglath-pileser and his successors.

Against the merchant city.--Literally, Canaan (the word "city" being an interpolation), taken here as equivalent to Phnicia. So in Joshua 5:1, the LXX. translates "Canaanites" by "Phnicia."

Verse 11. - He stretched out his hand over the sea, By "he" we must understand "Jehovah" (see ver. 9). God has smitten Tyro - the great maritime power - destroyed its dominion, and set its subject cities free. He shook the kingdoms; i.e. not only Tyre, but the other cities of the Phoenician coast, each of which had its own king (Herod., 7:98; Strab., 16. p. 754). Against the merchant city; rather, against Canaan. Phoenicia is called "Canaan," as England is often called "Britain." So the "SyroPhoenician woman" of Mark 7:26 is "a woman of Canaan" in Matthew 15:22. He stretched out his hand over the sea,.... That is, the Lord of hosts, who had purposed to destroy Tyre, stretched out his hand of power over it, called the sea, as in Isaiah 23:4 because situated in it, supported by it, and had the sovereignty of it; in like manner as he stretched out his hand on the Red Sea, and destroyed Pharaoh and the Egyptians in it; to which the allusion may be:

he shook the kingdoms; of Tyre and Zidon, which were both kingdoms, and distinct ones; and also made other neighbouring kingdoms shake and tremble when these fell, fearing it would be their case next. Some understand this of the moving of Nebuchadnezzar, and of the kings of the provinces under him, to come against Tyre:

the Lord hath given a commandment against the merchant city; the city of Tyre, so famous for merchandise, that it was the mart of nations, as in Isaiah 23:3 or "against Canaan", in which country Tyre and Zidon were, being originally built and inhabited by the posterity of Canaan, Genesis 10:15,

to destroy the strong holds thereof; either of the merchant city Tyre, whose fortifications were strong, both by nature and art; or "of Canaan", whose strong holds, or fortified cities, the principal of them were Tyre and Zidon; so Jarchi: and if the Lord of hosts gives a commandment to destroy it and its strong holds, as he did to Nebuchadnezzar and his army, and afterwards to Alexander and his, who could save them? that is, God said it, who gave commandment to destroy it. 11. He—Jehovah.

kingdoms—the Phoenician cities and colonies.

the merchant city—rather, Canaan, meaning the north of it, namely, Phoenicia. On their coins, they call their country Canaan.23:1-14 Tyre was the mart of the nations. She was noted for mirth and diversions; and this made her loth to consider the warnings God gave by his servants. Her merchants were princes, and lived like princes. Tyre being destroyed and laid waste, the merchants should abandon her. Flee to shift for thine own safety; but those that are uneasy in one place, will be so in another; for when God's judgments pursue sinners, they will overtake them. Whence shall all this trouble come? It is a destruction from the Almighty. God designed to convince men of the vanity and uncertainty of all earthly glory. Let the ruin of Tyre warn all places and persons to take heed of pride; for he who exalts himself shall be abased. God will do it, who has all power in his hand; but the Chaldeans shall be the instruments.
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