New International Version
he said, "Cursed be Canaan! The lowest of slaves will he be to his brothers."
New Living Translation
Then he cursed Canaan, the son of Ham: "May Canaan be cursed! May he be the lowest of servants to his relatives."
English Standard Version
he said, “Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers.”
New American Standard Bible
So he said, "Cursed be Canaan; A servant of servants He shall be to his brothers."
King James Bible
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
Holman Christian Standard Bible
he said: Canaan will be cursed. He will be the lowest of slaves to his brothers.
International Standard Version
he said, "Canaan is cursed! He will be the lowest of slaves to his relatives."
So he said, "Cursed be Canaan! The lowest of slaves he will be to his brothers."
GOD'S WORD® Translation
So he said, "Canaan is cursed! He will be the lowest slave to his brothers.
JPS Tanakh 1917
And he said: Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
New American Standard 1977
So he said,
“Cursed be Canaan;
A servant of servants
He shall be to his brothers.”
CommentaryMatthew Henry Commentary
9:24-29 Noah declares a curse on Canaan, the son of Ham; perhaps this grandson of his was more guilty than the rest. A servant of servants, that is, The meanest and most despicable servant, shall he be, even to his brethren. This certainly points at the victories in after-times obtained by Israel over the Canaanites, by which they were put to the sword, or brought to pay tribute. The whole continent of Africa was peopled mostly by the descendants of Ham; and for how many ages have the better parts of that country lain under the dominion of the Romans, then of the Saracens, and now of the Turks! In what wickedness, ignorance, barbarity, slavery, and misery most of the inhabitants live! And of the poor negroes, how many every year are sold and bought, like beasts in the market, and conveyed from one quarter of the world to do the work of beasts in another! But this in no way excuses the covetousness and barbarity of those who enrich themselves with the product of their sweat and blood. God has not commanded us to enslave negroes; and, without doubt, he will severely punish all such cruel wrongs. The fulfilment of this prophecy, which contains almost a history of the world, frees Noah from the suspicion of having uttered it from personal anger. It fully proves that the Holy Spirit took occasion from Ham's offence to reveal his secret purposes. Blessed be the Lord God of Shem. The church should be built up and continued in the posterity of Shem; of him came the Jews, who were, for a great while, the only professing people God had in the world. Christ, who was the Lord God, in his human nature should descend from Shem; for of him, as concerning the flesh, Christ came. Noah also blesses Japheth, and, in him, the isles of the gentiles that were peopled by his seed. It speaks of the conversion of the gentiles, and the bringing of them into the church. We may read it, God shall persuade Japheth, and being persuaded, he shall dwell in the tents of Shem. Jews and gentiles shall be united together in the gospel fold; both shall be one in Christ. Noah lived to see two worlds; but being an heir of the righteousness which is by faith, he now rests in hope, waiting to see a better than either.
Study BibleNoah's Shame and Canaan's Curse
…24When Noah awoke from his wine, he knew what his youngest son had done to him. 25So he said, "Cursed be Canaan; A servant of servants He shall be to his brothers." 26He also said, "Blessed be the LORD, The God of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant.…
Now the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth; and Ham was the father of Canaan.
When Noah awoke from his wine, he knew what his youngest son had done to him.
'Cursed is he who dishonors his father or mother.' And all the people shall say, 'Amen.'
"Now therefore, you are cursed, and you shall never cease being slaves, both hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God."
1 Kings 9:21
their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel were unable to destroy utterly, from them Solomon levied forced laborers, even to this day.
Treasury of Scripture
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers.
a servant. The devoted nations, which God destroyed before Israel, were descended from Canaan: and so were the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, who were at length subjugated with dreadful destruction by the Greeks and Romans. The Africans, who have been bought and sold like beasts, were also his posterity.
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