Genesis 9:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father naked and told his two brothers outside.

New Living Translation
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw that his father was naked and went outside and told his brothers.

English Standard Version
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside.

New American Standard Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.

King James Bible
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father naked and told his two brothers outside.

International Standard Version
Ham, who fathered Canaan, saw his father's genitals and told his two brothers outside.

NET Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father's nakedness and told his two brothers who were outside.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ham, father of Canaan, saw his father naked. So he went outside and told his two brothers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brethren outside.

King James 2000 Bible
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren outside.

American King James Version
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers without.

American Standard Version
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Which when Cham the father of Chaanan had seen, to wit, that his father's nakedness was uncovered, he told it to his two brethren without.

Darby Bible Translation
And Ham the father of Canaan saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren outside.

English Revised Version
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

World English Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.

Young's Literal Translation
And Ham, father of Canaan, seeth the nakedness of his father, and declareth to his two brethren without.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:18-23 The drunkenness of Noah is recorded in the Bible, with that fairness which is found only in the Scripture, as a case and proof of human weakness and imperfection, even though he may have been surprised into the sin; and to show that the best of men cannot stand upright, unless they depend upon Divine grace, and are upheld thereby. Ham appears to have been a bad man, and probably rejoiced to find his father in an unbecoming situation. It was said of Noah, that he was perfect in his generations, ch.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 22. - And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness. Pudenda, from a root (עָרָה) signifying to make naked, from a kindred root to which (עָרם) comes the term expressive of the nakedness of Adam and Eve after eating the forbidden fruit (Genesis 3:7). The sin of Ham - not a trifling and unintentional transgression" (Von Bohlen) - obviously lay not in seeing what perhaps he may have come upon unexpectedly, but

(1) in wickedly rejoicing in what he saw, which, considering who he was that was overcome with wine, - "the minister of salvation to men, and the chief restorer of the world," - the relation in which he stood to Ham, - that of father, - the advanced age to which he had now come, and the comparatively mature years of Ham himself, who was "already more than a hundred years old," should have filled him with sincere sorrow; "sed nunquam vino victum pattern filius risisset, nisi prius ejecisset animo illam reverentiam et opinionem, quae in liberis de parentibus ex mandato Dei existere debet" (Luther); and

(2) in reporting it, doubtless with a malicious purpose, to his brethren. And told his two brethren without. Possibly inviting them to come and look upon their father's shame.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father,.... Which, had it been through surprise, and at an unawares, would not have been thought criminal; but be went into his father's tent, where he ought not to have entered; he looked with pleasure and delight on his father's nakedness: Ham is represented by many writers as a very wicked, immodest, and profligate creature: Berosus (i) makes him a magician, and to be the same with Zoroast or Zoroastres, and speaks of him as the public corrupter of mankind; and says that he taught men to live as before the flood, to lie with mothers, sisters, daughters, males and brutes, and creatures of all sorts; and that he actually did so himself, and therefore was cast out by his father Janus, or Noah, and got the name of "Chem", the infamous and immodest:

and told his two brethren without; he went out of the tent after he had pleased himself with the sight; see Habakkuk 2:15 and in a wanton, ludicrous, and scoffing manner, related what he had seen: some of the Jewish Rabbins (k), as Jarchi relates, say that Canaan first saw it, and told his father of it; and some say (l), that he or Ham committed an unnatural crime with him; and others (m), that he castrated him; and hence, it is supposed, came the stories of Jupiter castrating his father Saturn, and Chronus his father Uranus: and Berosus (n) says, that Ham taking hold of his father's genitals, and muttering some words, by a magic charm rendered him impotent: and some (o) will have it that he committed incest with his father's wife; but these things are said without foundation: what Noah's younger son did unto him, besides looking on him, we are not told, yet it was such as brought a curse on Canaan; and one would think it would be more than bare sight, nay, it is expressly said there was something done, but what is not said, Genesis 9:24.

(i) Antiqu. l. 3. fol. 25. 1.((k) In Bereshit Rabba, sect. 36. fol. 32. 1.((l) Some in Jarchi. (m) Pirke Eliezer, c. 23. Some Rabbins in Ben Gersom & Jarchi in loc. (n) Antiqu. l. 3. fol. 25. 1.((o) Vander Hart, apud Bayle Dict. vol. 10. Art. "Ham", p. 588.



Genesis 9:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
Noah's Shame and Canaan's Curse
21He drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent. 22Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside. 23But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it upon both their shoulders and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were turned away, so that they did not see their father's nakedness.…
Cross References
Genesis 9:23
But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it across their shoulders; then they walked in backward and covered their father's naked body. Their faces were turned the other way so that they would not see their father naked.

Proverbs 30:17
"The eye that mocks a father, that scorns an aged mother, will be pecked out by the ravens of the valley, will be eaten by the vultures.

Habakkuk 2:15
"Woe to him who gives drink to his neighbors, pouring it from the wineskin till they are drunk, so that he can gaze on their naked bodies!
Treasury of Scripture

And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers without.

Ham.

Genesis 9:25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be …

Genesis 10:6,15-19 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan…

1 Chronicles 1:8,13-16 The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan…

told.

2 Samuel 1:19,20 The beauty of Israel is slain on your high places: how are the mighty fallen!…

Psalm 35:20,21 For they speak not peace: but they devise deceitful matters against …

Psalm 40:15 Let them be desolate for a reward of their shame that say to me, Aha, aha.

Psalm 70:3 Let them be turned back for a reward of their shame that say, Aha, aha.

Proverbs 25:9 Debate your cause with your neighbor himself; and discover not a …

Proverbs 30:17 The eye that mocks at his father, and despises to obey his mother, …

Obadiah 1:12,13 But you should not have looked on the day of your brother in the …

Matthew 18:15 Moreover if your brother shall trespass against you, go and tell …

1 Corinthians 13:6 Rejoices not in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth;

Galatians 6:1 Brothers, if a man be overtaken in a fault, you which are spiritual, …

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Alphabetical: and brothers Canaan father father's Ham his nakedness of outside saw the told two

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