Genesis 9:24
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When Noah awoke from his wine and found out what his youngest son had done to him,

New Living Translation
When Noah woke up from his stupor, he learned what Ham, his youngest son, had done.

English Standard Version
When Noah awoke from his wine and knew what his youngest son had done to him,

New American Standard Bible
When Noah awoke from his wine, he knew what his youngest son had done to him.

King James Bible
And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Noah awoke from his drinking and learned what his youngest son had done to him,

International Standard Version
When Noah sobered up and learned what his youngest son had done to him,

NET Bible
When Noah awoke from his drunken stupor he learned what his youngest son had done to him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Noah sobered up, he found out what his youngest son had done to him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Noah awoke from his wine and knew what his younger son had done unto him.

King James 2000 Bible
And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him.

American King James Version
And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done to him.

American Standard Version
And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his youngest son had done unto him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Noe awaking from the wine, when he had learned what his younger son had done to him,

Darby Bible Translation
And Noah awoke from his wine, and learned what his youngest son had done to him.

English Revised Version
And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his youngest son had done unto him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done to him.

World English Bible
Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his youngest son had done to him.

Young's Literal Translation
And Noah awaketh from his wine, and knoweth that which his young son hath done to him,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:24-29 Noah declares a curse on Canaan, the son of Ham; perhaps this grandson of his was more guilty than the rest. A servant of servants, that is, The meanest and most despicable servant, shall he be, even to his brethren. This certainly points at the victories in after-times obtained by Israel over the Canaanites, by which they were put to the sword, or brought to pay tribute. The whole continent of Africa was peopled mostly by the descendants of Ham; and for how many ages have the better parts of that country lain under the dominion of the Romans, then of the Saracens, and now of the Turks! In what wickedness, ignorance, barbarity, slavery, and misery most of the inhabitants live! And of the poor negroes, how many every year are sold and bought, like beasts in the market, and conveyed from one quarter of the world to do the work of beasts in another! But this in no way excuses the covetousness and barbarity of those who enrich themselves with the product of their sweat and blood. God has not commanded us to enslave negroes; and, without doubt, he will severely punish all such cruel wrongs. The fulfilment of this prophecy, which contains almost a history of the world, frees Noah from the suspicion of having uttered it from personal anger. It fully proves that the Holy Spirit took occasion from Ham's offence to reveal his secret purposes. Blessed be the Lord God of Shem. The church should be built up and continued in the posterity of Shem; of him came the Jews, who were, for a great while, the only professing people God had in the world. Christ, who was the Lord God, in his human nature should descend from Shem; for of him, as concerning the flesh, Christ came. Noah also blesses Japheth, and, in him, the isles of the gentiles that were peopled by his seed. It speaks of the conversion of the gentiles, and the bringing of them into the church. We may read it, God shall persuade Japheth, and being persuaded, he shall dwell in the tents of Shem. Jews and gentiles shall be united together in the gospel fold; both shall be one in Christ. Noah lived to see two worlds; but being an heir of the righteousness which is by faith, he now rests in hope, waiting to see a better than either.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 24. - And Noah awoke from his wine. I.e. the effects of his wine (cf. 1 Samuel 1:14; 1 Samuel 25:37); ἐξένηψε (LXX.); "became fully conscious of his condition" (T. Lewis). And knew. By inspiration (Alford); more probably by making inquiries as to the reason of the simlah covering him. What his younger son. Literally, his son, the little one, i.e. the youngest son (Willet, Murphy, Wordsworth, T. Lewis, Alford, Candlish), or the younger son (Keil, Bush, Karisch); cf. Genesis 5:32. Generally believed to have been Ham, though by many Canaan is understood (Aben Ezra, Theodoret, Procopius, Scaliger, Poole, Jamieson, Inglis, Lewis). Origen mentions a tradition that Canaan first saw the shame of Noah, and told it to his father. Wordsworth, following Chrysostom, believes Canaan may have been an accomplice. 'The Speaker's Commentary' thinks it would solve the difficulty which attaches to the cursing of Canaan.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Noah awoke from his wine,.... From his sleep, which his wine brought on him; when the force and strength of that was gone, and when not only he awaked, but came to himself, and was sober:

and knew what his younger son had done to him; either by revelation, as some, or prophecy, as Ben Gersom, or by the relation of his two sons, whom, when finding himself covered with another's garment, he might question how it came about, and they told him the whole affair: some, as Aben Ezra, Ben Gersom, and Abendana, think that this was not Ham, the younger son of Noah, and whom some also will have not to be the youngest, being always placed middlemost, but Canaan, the fourth and youngest son of Ham; and whom Noah indeed might call his younger, or "his son, the little one" (p); as it was usual for grandchildren to be called the sons of their grandfather; see Genesis 29:5 and Noah might be informed how his little son, or rather grandson Canaan, had been in his tent, and seeing him in the posture he was, went very merrily, and told his father Ham of it, who made a jest of it also; and this seems the more reasonable, since Canaan was immediately cursed by Noah, as in the following verse; See Gill on Genesis 9:22 this affair must happen many years after Noah's coming out of the ark, since then his sons had no children; whereas Ham had at this time four sons, and Canaan was the youngest of them; and he was grown up to an age sufficient to be concerned in this matter, of treating his grandfather in an ill way, so as to bring his curse upon him: Jarchi interprets "little" by abominable and contemptible, supposing it refers not to age, but character, and which was bad both in Ham and Canaan: See Gill on Genesis 9:22.

(p) "filius suus parvus", Montanus; "filius ejus parvus", Cartwright.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

24. This incident could scarcely have happened till twenty years after the flood; for Canaan, whose conduct was more offensive than that even of his father, was not born till after that event. It is probable that there is a long interval included between these verses and that this prophecy, like that of Jacob on his sons, was not uttered till near the close of Noah's life when the prophetic spirit came upon him; this presumption is strengthened by the mention of his death immediately after.

Genesis 9:24 Additional Commentaries
Context
Noah's Shame and Canaan's Curse
23But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it upon both their shoulders and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were turned away, so that they did not see their father's nakedness. 24When Noah awoke from his wine, he knew what his youngest son had done to him. 25So he said, "Cursed be Canaan; A servant of servants He shall be to his brothers."
Cross References
Genesis 9:23
But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it across their shoulders; then they walked in backward and covered their father's naked body. Their faces were turned the other way so that they would not see their father naked.

Genesis 9:25
he said, "Cursed be Canaan! The lowest of slaves will he be to his brothers."
Treasury of Scripture

And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done to him.

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