Acts 17:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So he reasoned in the synagogue with both Jews and God-fearing Greeks, as well as in the marketplace day by day with those who happened to be there.

New Living Translation
He went to the synagogue to reason with the Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles, and he spoke daily in the public square to all who happened to be there.

English Standard Version
So he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and the devout persons, and in the marketplace every day with those who happened to be there.

New American Standard Bible
So he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles, and in the market place every day with those who happened to be present.

King James Bible
Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and with those who worshiped God and in the marketplace every day with those who happened to be there.

International Standard Version
So he began holding discussions in the synagogue with the Jews and other worshipers, as well as every day in the public square with anyone who happened to be there.

NET Bible
So he was addressing the Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles in the synagogue, and in the marketplace every day those who happened to be there.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he was speaking in a synagogue with the Jews and with those who were worshipers of God and in the market place with those who gathered everyday.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He held discussions in the synagogue with Jews and converts to Judaism. He also held discussions every day in the public square with anyone who happened to be there.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore he disputed in the synagogue with the Jews and with the devout persons and in the market daily with those that he met with.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.

American King James Version
Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.

American Standard Version
So he reasoned in the synagogue with Jews and the devout persons, and in the marketplace every day with them that met him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He disputed, therefore, in the synagogue with the Jews, and with them that served God, and in the marketplace, every day with them that were there.

Darby Bible Translation
He reasoned therefore in the synagogue with the Jews, and those who worshipped, and in the market-place every day with those he met with.

English Revised Version
So he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and the devout persons, and in the marketplace every day with them that met with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore he disputed in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.

Weymouth New Testament
So he had discussions in the synagogue with the Jews and the other worshippers, and in the market place, day after day, with those whom he happened to meet.

World English Bible
So he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and the devout persons, and in the marketplace every day with those who met him.

Young's Literal Translation
therefore, indeed, he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the worshipping persons, and in the market-place every day with those who met with him.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

17:16-21 Athens was then famed for polite learning, philosophy, and the fine arts; but none are more childish and superstitious, more impious, or more credulous, than some persons, deemed eminent for learning and ability. It was wholly given to idolatry. The zealous advocate for the cause of Christ will be ready to plead for it in all companies, as occasion offers. Most of these learned men took no notice of Paul; but some, whose principles were the most directly contrary to Christianity, made remarks upon him. The apostle ever dwelt upon two points, which are indeed the principal doctrines of Christianity, Christ and a future state; Christ our way, and heaven our end. They looked on this as very different from the knowledge for many ages taught and professed at Athens; they desire to know more of it, but only because it was new and strange. They led him to the place where judges sat who inquired into such matters. They asked about Paul's doctrine, not because it was good, but because it was new. Great talkers are always busy-bodies. They spend their time in nothing else, and a very uncomfortable account they have to give of their time who thus spend it. Time is precious, and we are concerned to employ it well, because eternity depends upon it, but much is wasted in unprofitable conversation.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 17. - So he reasoned for therefore disputed he, A.V.; and the devout for and with the devout, A.V.; market-place every day for market daily, A.V. Reasoned (διελέγετο, as in ver. 2; Acts 18:19 and Acts 24:12). "Disputed" gives the force of διαλέγεσθαι better than "reasoned," because the word in Plato, Thucydides, Xenophon, AElian, etc., is especially used of discussions and arguments in which two persons or more take part. Διάλεκτος is "discussion;" ἡ διαλεκτίκη is the art of drawing answers from your opponent to prove your conclusion; διάλαγος is a "dialogue" (see, however, Acts 20:7). The market-place. "The celebrated Ἀγορά, ... not far from the Pnyx, the Acropolis, and the Amopagus,... rich in noble statues, the central seat of commercial, forensic, and philosophic intercourse, as well as of the busy idleness of the loungers" (Meyer, in loc.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews,.... There being a synagogue of the Jews here, and there being many Jews settled in this place, hence we read in Jewish writings (c) of men going from Jerusalem to Athens, and from Athens to Jerusalem; and hence it may be accounted for, how many of the Athenian philosophers came to be acquainted with the books and sentiments of the Jews, from whom they borrowed may things; since there were so many that dwelt among them, and doubtless had for years past, as well as by their travels into Egypt: and a Jewish synagogue being here, the apostle went into it, according to his usual manner, and began with them, as he was wont to do, preaching the Gospel to the Jews first, and then unto the Gentiles: with them he disputed, not about idolatry, or the worship of many gods, to which they were not addicted; nor about the one true and living God, whom they knew and professed; but about the Son of God, about the Messiah, contending and proving that Jesus of Nazareth was he:

and with the devout persons; that is, with the Gentiles, who were proselytes to the Jewish religion, and worshipped the God of Israel with the Jews, in their synagogues, but knew nothing of Jesus Christ, and the way of salvation by him:

and in the market daily with them that met him; where there was a concourse of people; and where, after the apostle had been once or twice, the people came purposely to meet with him, and to hear his discourses, and reason with him about points in religion: the Syriac version renders it, "in the street"; and then the sense seems to be, that as he met persons in the street, day by day, as he walked along, he would stop and talk with them, about religious things, and about their idolatry, vanity, and superstition.

(c) Echa Rabbati, fol. 43. 3, 4. & 44. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

17. Therefore disputed—or, discussed.

he in the synagogue with the Jews—The sense is not, "Therefore went he to the Jews," because the Gentile Athenians were steeped in idolatry; but, "Therefore set he himself to lift up his voice to the idol city, but, as his manner was, he began with the Jews."

and with the devout persons—Gentile proselytes. After that,

in the market—the Agora, or place of public concourse.

daily with them that met with him—or "came in his way."

Acts 17:17 Additional Commentaries
Context
Paul at Athens
16Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was being provoked within him as he was observing the city full of idols. 17So he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles, and in the market place every day with those who happened to be present. 18And also some of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers were conversing with him. Some were saying, "What would this idle babbler wish to say?" Others, "He seems to be a proclaimer of strange deities,"-- because he was preaching Jesus and the resurrection.…
Cross References
Acts 9:20
At once he began to preach in the synagogues that Jesus is the Son of God.

Acts 13:43
When the congregation was dismissed, many of the Jews and devout converts to Judaism followed Paul and Barnabas, who talked with them and urged them to continue in the grace of God.

Acts 13:50
But the Jewish leaders incited the God-fearing women of high standing and the leading men of the city. They stirred up persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them from their region.

Acts 17:2
As was his custom, Paul went into the synagogue, and on three Sabbath days he reasoned with them from the Scriptures,

Acts 17:4
Some of the Jews were persuaded and joined Paul and Silas, as did a large number of God-fearing Greeks and quite a few prominent women.
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.

disputed.

Acts 17:2-4 And Paul, as his manner was, went in to them, and three sabbath days …

Acts 14:1-4 And it came to pass in Iconium, that they went both together into …

devout.

Acts 8:2 And devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation …

Acts 10:2 A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave …

Acts 13:16 Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of Israel, …

daily.

Proverbs 1:20-22 Wisdom cries without; she utters her voice in the streets…

Proverbs 8:1-4,34 Does not wisdom cry? and understanding put forth her voice…

Jeremiah 6:11 Therefore I am full of the fury of the LORD; I am weary with holding …

Matthew 5:1,2 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he …

Mark 16:15 And he said to them, Go you into all the world, and preach the gospel …

Luke 12:3 Therefore whatever you have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light…

2 Timothy 3:2,5 For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, …

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