Zechariah 9:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
and on Hamath too, which borders on it, and on Tyre and Sidon, though they are very skillful.

New Living Translation
Doom is certain for Hamath, near Damascus, and for the cities of Tyre and Sidon, though they are so clever.

English Standard Version
and on Hamath also, which borders on it, Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise.

New American Standard Bible
And Hamath also, which borders on it; Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise.

King James Bible
And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and also against Hamath, which borders it, as well as Tyre and Sidon, though they are very shrewd.

International Standard Version
Also Hamath, which borders on it— along with Tyre and Sidon— indeed they are very wise.

NET Bible
as are those of Hamath also, which adjoins Damascus, and Tyre and Sidon, though they consider themselves to be very wise.

New Heart English Bible
and Hamath, also, which borders on it; Tyre and Sidon, because they are very wise.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and also Hamath, which borders on it, and Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise. (The eyes of humanity and of all the tribes of Israel are on the LORD.)

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Hamath also shall border thereon; Tyre and Zidon, for she is very wise.

New American Standard 1977
And Hamath also, which borders on it;
            Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Hamath also shall come to an end in her; Tyre, and Zidon, though it be very wise.

King James 2000 Bible
And Hamath also, which borders on it; and against Tyre, and Sidon, though they are very wise.

American King James Version
And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise.

American Standard Version
and Hamath, also, which bordereth thereon; Tyre and Sidon, because they are very wise.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Emath also in the borders thereof, and Tyre, and Sidon: for they have taken to themselves to be exceeding wise.

Darby Bible Translation
and also [on] Hamath [which] bordereth thereon; on Tyre and Zidon, though she be very wise.

English Revised Version
and Hamath also which bordereth thereon: Tyre and Zidon, because she is very wise.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Hamath also shall border by it; Tyre and Zidon, though it be very wise.

World English Bible
and Hamath, also, which borders on it; Tyre and Sidon, because they are very wise.

Young's Literal Translation
And also Hamath doth border thereon, Tyre and Zidon, for -- very wise!
Study Bible
Prophecies against Israel's Enemies
1The burden of the word of the LORD is against the land of Hadrach, with Damascus as its resting place (for the eyes of men, especially of all the tribes of Israel, are toward the LORD), 2And Hamath also, which borders on it; Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise. 3For Tyre built herself a fortress And piled up silver like dust, And gold like the mire of the streets.…
Cross References
Isaiah 23:1
The oracle concerning Tyre. Wail, O ships of Tarshish, For Tyre is destroyed, without house or harbor; It is reported to them from the land of Cyprus.

Jeremiah 25:22
and all the kings of Tyre, all the kings of Sidon and the kings of the coastlands which are beyond the sea;

Jeremiah 47:4
On account of the day that is coming To destroy all the Philistines, To cut off from Tyre and Sidon Every ally that is left; For the LORD is going to destroy the Philistines, The remnant of the coastland of Caphtor.

Jeremiah 49:23
Concerning Damascus. "Hamath and Arpad are put to shame, For they have heard bad news; They are disheartened. There is anxiety by the sea, It cannot be calmed.

Ezekiel 28:2
"Son of man, say to the leader of Tyre, 'Thus says the Lord GOD, "Because your heart is lifted up And you have said, 'I am a god, I sit in the seat of gods In the heart of the seas'; Yet you are a man and not God, Although you make your heart like the heart of God--

Ezekiel 28:4
"By your wisdom and understanding You have acquired riches for yourself And have acquired gold and silver for your treasuries.

Ezekiel 28:12
"Son of man, take up a lamentation over the king of Tyre and say to him, 'Thus says the Lord GOD, "You had the seal of perfection, Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.

Ezekiel 28:21
"Son of man, set your face toward Sidon, prophesy against her

Ezekiel 47:16
Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim, which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath; Hazer-hatticon, which is by the border of Hauran.

Joel 3:4
"Moreover, what are you to Me, O Tyre, Sidon and all the regions of Philistia? Are you rendering Me a recompense? But if you do recompense Me, swiftly and speedily I will return your recompense on your head.
Treasury of Scripture

And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise.

Hamath.

Numbers 13:21 So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin …

2 Kings 23:33 And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, …

2 Kings 25:21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the …

Jeremiah 49:23 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have …

Amos 6:14 But, behold, I will raise up against you a nation, O house of Israel, …

Tyrus.

Isaiah 23:1-18 The burden of Tyre. Howl, you ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, …

Ezekiel 26:1-28:26 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first day of the …

Joel 3:4-8 Yes, and what have you to do with me, O Tyre, and Zidon, and all …

Amos 1:9,10 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, …

Zidon.

1 Kings 17:9 Arise, get you to Zarephath, which belongs to Zidon, and dwell there: …

Ezekiel 28:21-26 Son of man, set your face against Zidon, and prophesy against it…

Obadiah 1:20 And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess …

it be.

Ezekiel 28:3-5,12 Behold, you are wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can …

Verse 2. - And Hamath also shall border thereby; Revised Version, and Hamath also which bordereth thereon. Hamath, which is near unto Damascus, shall share in the Divine judgment. The Authorized Version probably means that Hamath shall be the companion of Damascus in punishment. (For Hamath, see note on Amos 6:2.) These Syrian towns, as well as those below in Phoenicia and Philistia, shall be visited, because they were all once included in the territory promised to Israel (see Genesis 15:18; Exodus 23:3l; Numbers 34:2-12; Deuteronomy 11:25; and comp. 2 Samuel 8:6, etc.; 1 Kings 4:21; 1 Kings 8:65; 2 Kings 14:25). The judgment was inflicted by Alexander the Great after the battle of Issus, B.C. 333, when Damascus was betrayed into his hands and plundered of all its enormous treasures. Tyrus and Zidon. Tyre was taken after a siege of seven months, its walls were demolished, its houses burnt, ten thousand of its defenders were massacred, the women and children sold as slaves; and it never rose to greatness again. Zidon, originally the chief city of the country, had long been eclipsed by its daughter, Tyre: it submitted to Alexander without a struggle. Though it be very wise; or, because she is very wise. The pronoun refers to Tyre, the mention of Zidon being, as it were, parenthetical. In spite of, or because of, its boasted wisdom, Tyre should suffer heavy punishment. The wisdom of Tyre is spoken of in Ezekiel 28:3, 4. Wright, as the LXX., makes the clause refer to both cities, "though they be very wise." Vulgate, Assum pserunt quippe sibi sapientiam valde. And Hamath also shall border thereby,.... By the land of Hadrach, or by Damascus; and that it was near Damascus is clear from Isaiah 10:9 it is called Hamath the great in Amos 6:2 and according to Jerom (d), is the same with Antioch, which he says was so called by some; and the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel on Numbers 13:21, renders Hamath by Antioch: and, if so, here was the Lord's rest likewise; here the Gospel was preached, and many converted, and a church, consisting of Jews and Gentiles, was formed; and here the disciples were first called Christians, Acts 11:26.

Tyrus and Zidon; these were famous cities of Phoenicia; upon the borders of these our Lord himself was, Matthew 15:21 of the conversion of the inhabitants of these places the psalmist prophecies, Psalm 45:12 here likewise the Lord had his resting place; we read of the disciples here, Acts 21:3,

though it be very wise; particularly Tyre, which was famous for wisdom, Ezekiel 28:3 which the Lord confounded by the preaching of the Gospel, and by the foolishness of that saved them that believe. Kimchi refers this to the times of the Messiah; his note is, she shall not trust in her wisdom in the time of the Messiah: so Ben Melech.

(d) Comment. in Amos, fol. 44. C. & Quaest. Hebr. in Genesim, fol. 67. B. So Cyril. in Amos, p. 312. 2. Hamath—a Syrian kingdom with a capital of the same name, north of Damascus.

shall border thereby—shall be joined to Damascus in treatment, as it is in position; shall share in the burden of wrath of which Damascus is the resting-place. Maurer understands "which"; "Hamath, which borders on Damascus, also shall be the resting-place of Jehovah's wrath" (the latter words being supplied from Zec 9:1). Riblah, the scene of the Jews' sufferings from their foe, was there: it therefore shall suffer (2Ki 23:33; 25:6, 7, 20, 21).

Tyrus … Zidon—lying in the conqueror's way on his march along the Mediterranean to Egypt (compare Isa 23:1-18). Zidon, the older city, surrendered, and Abdolonymus was made its viceroy.

very wise—in her own eyes. Referring to Tyre: Zec 9:3 shows wherein her wisdom consisted, namely, in building a stronghold, and heaping up gold and silver (Eze 38:3, 5, 12, 17). On Alexander's expressing his wish to sacrifice in Hercules' temple in New Tyre on the island, she showed her wisdom in sending a golden crown, and replying that the true and ancient temple of Hercules was at Old Tyre on the mainland. With all her wisdom she cannot avert her doom.9:1-8 Here are judgements foretold on several nations. While the Macedonians and Alexander's successors were in warfare in these countries, the Lord promised to protect his people. God's house lies in the midst of an enemy's country; his church is as a lily among thorns. God's power and goodness are seen in her special preservation. The Lord encamps about his church, and while armies of proud opposers shall pass by and return, his eyes watch over her, so that they cannot prevail, and shortly the time will come when no exactor shall pass by her any more.
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