Genesis 15:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram and said, "To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates--

New Living Translation
So the LORD made a covenant with Abram that day and said, "I have given this land to your descendants, all the way from the border of Egypt to the great Euphrates River--

English Standard Version
On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates,

New American Standard Bible
On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your descendants I have given this land, From the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates:

King James Bible
In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, "I give this land to your offspring, from the brook of Egypt to the Euphrates River:

International Standard Version
That very day the LORD made this covenant with Abram: "I'm giving this land to your descendants, from the river of Egypt to the great Euphrates River—

NET Bible
That day the LORD made a covenant with Abram: "To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates River--

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At that time the LORD made a promise to Abram. He said, "I will give this land to your descendants. This is the land from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed shall I give this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

King James 2000 Bible
In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto your descendants have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

American King James Version
In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates:

American Standard Version
In that day Jehovah made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Douay-Rheims Bible
That day God made a covenant with Abram, saying: To thy seed will I give this land, from the river of Egypt even to the great river Euphrates.

Darby Bible Translation
On the same day Jehovah made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates;

English Revised Version
In that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Webster's Bible Translation
In that same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates:

World English Bible
In that day Yahweh made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your seed I have given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates:

Young's Literal Translation
In that day hath Jehovah made with Abram a covenant, saying, 'To thy seed I have given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Phrat,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

15:17-21 The smoking furnace and the burning lamp, probably represented the Israelites' severe trials and joyful deliverance, with their gracious supports in the mean time. It is probable that this furnace and lamp, which passed between the pieces, burned and consumed them, and so completed the sacrifice, and testified God's acceptance of it. So it intimates that God's covenants with man are made by sacrifice, Ps 50:5. And we may know that he accepts our sacrifices, if he kindles in our souls pious and devout affections. The bounds of the land granted are stated. Several nations, or tribes, are spoken of, that must be cast out to make room for the seed of Abram. In this chapter we perceive in Abram faith struggling against, and triumphing over, unbelief. Wonder not, believers, if you meet with seasons of darkness and distress. But it is not the will of God that you should be cast down: fear not; for all that he was to Abram he will be to you.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 18-21. - In that day the Lord made a covenant - literally, cut a covenant (cf. ὅρκια τέμνειν, foedus icere). On the import of בְּרִית vide Genesis 9:9) - with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt - the Nile (Keil, Kurtz, Hengstenberg, Kalisch) rather than the Wady el Arch, or Brook of Egypt (Knobel, Lange, Clarke), at the southern limits of the country (Numbers 34:5; Joshua 15:4; Isaiah 27:12) - unto the great river, the river Euphrates. The ideal limits of the Holy Land, which were practically reached under David and Solomon (vide 1 Kings 4:21; 2 Chronicles 9:26), and which embraced the following subject populations, ten in number, "to convey the impression of universality without exception, of unqualified completeness" (Delitzsch). The Kenites, - inhabiting the mountainous tracts in the south-west of Palestine, near the Amalekites (Numbers 24:21; 1 Samuel 15:6; 1 Samuel 27:10); a people of uncertain origin, though (Judges 1:16; Judges 4:11) Hobab, the brother-in-law of Moses, was a Kenite - and the Kenizzites, - mentioned only in this passage; a people dwelling apparently in the same region with the Kenites (Murphy), who probably became extinct between the times of Abraham and Moses (Bochart), and cannot now be identified (Keil, Kalisch), though they have been connected with Kenaz the Edomite, Genesis 36:15, 42 (Knobel) - and the Kadmonites, - never again referred to, but, as their name implies, an Eastern people, whose settlements extended towards the Euphrates (Kalisch) - and the Hittites, - the descendants of Heth (vide Genesis 10:15); identified with the Kheta and Katti of the Egyptian and Assyrian monuments, and supposed by Mr. Gladstone to be the Kheteians of the 'Odyssey;' a powerful Asiatic tribe who must have early established themselves on the Euphrates, and spread from thence southward to Canaan and Egypt, and westward to Lydia and Greece, carrying with them, towards the shores of the AEgean Sea, the art and culture of Assyria and Babylon, already modified by the forms and conceptions of Egypt. The northern capital of their empire was Carchemish, about sixteen miles south of the modern Birejik; and the southern Kadesh, on an island of the Orontes (Prof. Sayce in 'Frazer's Magazine,' August, 1880, art. 'A forgotten Empire in Asia Minor') - and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims (vide Genesis 13:7; Genesis 14:5), and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Oirgashites, and the Jebusites (vide Genesis 10:15-19). The boundaries of the Holy Land as here defined are regarded by some (Bohlen) as contradictory of those designated in Numbers 34:1-12. But

(1) the former may be viewed as the ideal (or poetical), and the latter as the actual (and prosaic), limits of the country assigned to Israel (Hengstenbreg, Keil); or

(2) the former may represent the maxima, and the latter the minima, of the promise, which admitted of a larger or a smaller fulfillment, according as Israel should in the sequel prove fit for its occupation (Augustine, Pererius, Willet, Poole, Gerlach, Kalisch, and others); or,

(3) according to a certain school of interpreters, the former may point to the wide extent of country to be occupied by the Jews on occasion of their restoration to their own land, as distinguished from their first occupation on coming up out of Egypt, or their second on returning from Babylon; or

(4) the rivers may be put for the countries with which the promised land was coterminous (Kurtz, Murphy); or

(5) strict geographical accuracy may not have been intended in defining the limits of the land of promise ('Speaker s Commentary,' Inglis).





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

In the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram,.... Which he confirmed by passing between the pieces and accepting his sacrifice:

saying, unto thy seed have I given this land; he had given it in his purpose, and he had given the promise of it, and here he renews the grant, and ratifies and confirms it, even the land of Canaan, where Abram now was, though only a sojourner in it; and which is described by its boundaries and present occupants, in this and the following verses, as is usually done in grants of lands and deeds of conveyance:

from the river of Egypt, unto the great river, the river of Euphrates; the river of Egypt is the Nile, which overflowed it annually and made it fruitful; so the Targum of Jonathan calls it the river of Egypt; it may be rendered, "from the river Mizraim or Egypt", for the name of Egypt was given to the river Nile as well as to the country, and so it is called by Homer (p); and Diodorus Siculus (q) says, the Nile was first called Egypt; some (r) think the Nile is not here meant, but a little river of Egypt that ran through the desert that lay between Palestine and Egypt; but it seems to be a branch of the river Nile, which was lesser about Palestine or Damiata, at the entrance of Egypt, than at other places. Brocardus (s) says,"from Delta to Heliopolis were three miles, where another river was separated from the Nile, and carried to the city of Pelusium; and, adds he, this river is properly called in Scripture the river of Egypt, and at it is bounded the lot of the tribe of Judah.''This river of Egypt, or the Nile, was the southern boundary of the land of Canaan, and from hence to the river Euphrates, the eastern boundary, was the utmost extent of it in which it was ever possessed, as it was in the times of David and Solomon, 2 Samuel 8:3.

(p) Odyss. 14. vid. Pausan. Boeotica, sive l. 9. p. 859. (q) Bibliothec. l. 1. p. 56. (r) See Rollin's Ancient History, vol. 1. p. 92. (s) Apud Drusium in loc.



Genesis 15:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
God Confirms His Promise
17It came about when the sun had set, that it was very dark, and behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a flaming torch which passed between these pieces. 18On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your descendants I have given this land, From the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates: 19the Kenite and the Kenizzite and the Kadmonite…
Cross References
Acts 7:5
He gave him no inheritance here, not even enough ground to set his foot on. But God promised him that he and his descendants after him would possess the land, even though at that time Abraham had no child.

Revelation 9:14
It said to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates."

Genesis 2:14
The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

Genesis 12:7
The LORD appeared to Abram and said, "To your offspring I will give this land." So he built an altar there to the LORD, who had appeared to him.

Genesis 17:2
Then I will make my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers."

Genesis 17:8
The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God."

Exodus 6:4
I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, where they resided as foreigners.

Exodus 6:8
And I will bring you to the land I swore with uplifted hand to give to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob. I will give it to you as a possession. I am the LORD.'"

Exodus 13:11
"After the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites and gives it to you, as he promised on oath to you and your ancestors,

Exodus 23:31
"I will establish your borders from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, and from the desert to the Euphrates River. I will give into your hands the people who live in the land, and you will drive them out before you.

Exodus 32:13
Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac and Israel, to whom you swore by your own self: 'I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and I will give your descendants all this land I promised them, and it will be their inheritance forever.'"

Deuteronomy 1:7
Break camp and advance into the hill country of the Amorites; go to all the neighboring peoples in the Arabah, in the mountains, in the western foothills, in the Negev and along the coast, to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon, as far as the great river, the Euphrates.

Deuteronomy 1:8
See, I have given you this land. Go in and take possession of the land the LORD swore he would give to your fathers--to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob--and to their descendants after them."

Deuteronomy 11:24
Every place where you set your foot will be yours: Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the Euphrates River to the Mediterranean Sea.

Deuteronomy 12:20
When the LORD your God has enlarged your territory as he promised you, and you crave meat and say, "I would like some meat," then you may eat as much of it as you want.

Deuteronomy 19:8
If the LORD your God enlarges your territory, as he promised on oath to your ancestors, and gives you the whole land he promised them,

2 Chronicles 7:8
So Solomon observed the festival at that time for seven days, and all Israel with him--a vast assembly, people from Lebo Hamath to the Wadi of Egypt.

2 Chronicles 8:7
There were still people left from the Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites (these people were not Israelites).

2 Chronicles 9:26
He ruled over all the kings from the Euphrates River to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt.

Ezra 4:20
Jerusalem has had powerful kings ruling over the whole of Trans-Euphrates, and taxes, tribute and duty were paid to them.
Treasury of Scripture

In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates:

made.

Genesis 9:8-17 And God spoke to Noah, and to his sons with him, saying…

Genesis 17:1-27 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to …

Genesis 24:7 The LORD God of heaven, which took me from my father's house, and …

2 Samuel 23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he has made with me an …

Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come to me: hear, and your soul shall live; …

Jeremiah 31:31-34 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will make a new covenant …

Jeremiah 32:40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not …

Jeremiah 33:20-26 Thus said the LORD; If you can break my covenant of the day, and …

Galatians 3:15-17 Brothers, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's …

Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, …

Unto thy.

Genesis 12:7 And the LORD appeared to Abram, and said, To your seed will I give …

Genesis 13:15 For all the land which you see, to you will I give it, and to your …

Genesis 17:8 And I will give to you, and to your seed after you, the land wherein …

Genesis 26:4 And I will make your seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and …

Genesis 28:4,13,14 And give you the blessing of Abraham, to you, and to your seed with …

Genesis 35:12 And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to you I will give it, …

Genesis 50:24 And Joseph said to his brothers, I die: and God will surely visit you…

Exodus 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, …

Exodus 6:4 And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the …

Exodus 23:23 For my Angel shall go before you, and bring you in to the Amorites, …

Exodus 23:27-31 I will send my fear before you, and will destroy all the people to …

Exodus 34:11 Observe you that which I command you this day: behold, I drive out …

Numbers 34:3 Then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along …

Deuteronomy 1:7,8 Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Amorites, …

Deuteronomy 7:1 When the LORD your God shall bring you into the land where you go …

Deuteronomy 11:24 Every place where on the soles of your feet shall tread shall be …

Deuteronomy 34:4 And the LORD said to him, This is the land which I swore to Abraham, …

Joshua 1:3,4 Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread on, that have …

Joshua 12:1-20 Now these are the kings of the land, which the children of Israel smote…

Joshua 19:1-38 And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the …

1 Kings 4:21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river to the land …

2 Chronicles 9:26 And he reigned over all the kings from the river even to the land …

Nehemiah 9:8 And found his heart faithful before you, and made a covenant with …

Psalm 105:11 Saying, To you will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance:

from.

Numbers 34:5 And the border shall fetch a compass from Azmon to the river of Egypt, …

Joshua 15:4 From there it passed toward Azmon, and went out to the river of Egypt; …

Isaiah 27:12 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off …

Euphrates.

Genesis 2:14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goes …

2 Samuel 8:3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he …

1 Chronicles 5:9 And eastward he inhabited to the entering in of the wilderness from …

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