Exodus 23:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
and do not show favoritism to a poor person in a lawsuit.

New Living Translation
And do not slant your testimony in favor of a person just because that person is poor.

English Standard Version
nor shall you be partial to a poor man in his lawsuit.

New American Standard Bible
nor shall you be partial to a poor man in his dispute.

King James Bible
Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not show favoritism to a poor person in his lawsuit."

International Standard Version
You are not to show partiality to a poor man in his lawsuit.

NET Bible
and you must not show partiality to a poor man in his lawsuit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never give special favors to poor people in court.

Jubilee Bible 2000
neither shalt thou honour a poor man in his cause.

King James 2000 Bible
Neither shall you be partial to a poor man in his cause.

American King James Version
Neither shall you countenance a poor man in his cause.

American Standard Version
neither shalt thou favor a poor man in his cause.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Neither shalt thou favour a poor man in judgment.

Darby Bible Translation
Neither shalt thou favour a poor man in his cause.

English Revised Version
neither shalt thou favour a poor man in his cause.

Webster's Bible Translation
Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause.

World English Bible
neither shall you favor a poor man in his cause.

Young's Literal Translation
and a poor man thou dost not honour in his strife.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:1-9 In the law of Moses are very plain marks of sound moral feeling, and of true political wisdom. Every thing in it is suited to the desired and avowed object, the worship of one only God, and the separation of Israel from the pagan world. Neither parties, friends, witnesses, nor common opinions, must move us to lessen great faults, to aggravate small ones, excuse offenders, accuse the innocent, or misrepresent any thing.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause. After the many precepts in favour of the poor, this injunction produces a sort of shock. But it is to be understood as simply forbidding any undue favouring of the poor because they are poor, and so as equivalent to the precept in Leviticus 19:15, "Thou shalt not respect the person of the poor." In courts of justice, strict justice is to be rendered, without any leaning either towards the rich, or towards the poor. To lean either way is to pervert judgment.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause. Because he is a poor man, and for that reason endeavour to carry his cause for him, right or wrong, from a foolish pity to him as a poor man, and from an affectation of gaining the applause of people on that account; or "thou shalt not honour" or "adorn" a poor man (u), by a set speech in favour of his cause, though wrong, dressed up in the best manner, and set off with all the colourings of art, to make it appear in the most plausible manner; the law is against respect of persons, as not the person of the rich, so neither is the person of the poor to be accepted, but the justice of their cause is to be regarded; so the Targum of Jonathan,"the poor that is guilty in his judgment or cause, his face (or person) thou shalt not accept to have pity on him, for no person is to be accepted in judgment.''

(u) "non honorabis", Pagninus, Vatablus, Drusius, Cartwright; "non decorabis", Montanus; "ne ornes", Tigurine version; "ne honorato", Junius & Tremellius; "ne ornato", Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. countenance—adorn, embellish—thou shalt not varnish the cause even of a poor man to give it a better coloring than it merits.

Exodus 23:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Justice and Mercy
2"You shall not follow the masses in doing evil, nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after a multitude in order to pervert justice; 3nor shall you be partial to a poor man in his dispute. 4"If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey wandering away, you shall surely return it to him.…
Cross References
Exodus 23:6
"Do not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits.

Leviticus 19:15
"'Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great, but judge your neighbor fairly.

Deuteronomy 1:17
Do not show partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be afraid of anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too hard for you, and I will hear it."

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not pervert justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the innocent.
Treasury of Scripture

Neither shall you countenance a poor man in his cause.

Psalm 82:2,3 How long will you judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah…

James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, …

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