Exodus 23:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Do not oppress a foreigner; you yourselves know how it feels to be foreigners, because you were foreigners in Egypt.

New Living Translation
"You must not oppress foreigners. You know what it's like to be a foreigner, for you yourselves were once foreigners in the land of Egypt.

English Standard Version
“You shall not oppress a sojourner. You know the heart of a sojourner, for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the feelings of a stranger, for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.

King James Bible
Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not oppress a foreign resident; you yourselves know how it feels to be a foreigner because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt."

International Standard Version
You are not to oppress the resident alien, because you were aliens in the land of Egypt."

NET Bible
"You must not oppress a foreigner, since you know the life of a foreigner, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never oppress foreigners. You know what it's like to be foreigners because you were foreigners living in Egypt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger, for ye know the state of the soul of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

King James 2000 Bible
Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

American King James Version
Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

American Standard Version
And a sojourner shalt thou not oppress: for ye know the heart of a sojourner, seeing ye were sojourners in the land of Egypt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not molest a stranger, for you know the hearts of strangers: for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Darby Bible Translation
And the stranger thou shalt not oppress; for ye know the spirit of the stranger, for ye have been strangers in the land of Egypt.

English Revised Version
And a stranger shalt thou not oppress: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Webster's Bible Translation
Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger; for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

World English Bible
"You shall not oppress an alien, for you know the heart of an alien, since you were aliens in the land of Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
'And a sojourner thou dost not oppress, and ye -- ye have known the soul of the sojourner, for sojourners ye have been in the land of Egypt.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:1-9 In the law of Moses are very plain marks of sound moral feeling, and of true political wisdom. Every thing in it is suited to the desired and avowed object, the worship of one only God, and the separation of Israel from the pagan world. Neither parties, friends, witnesses, nor common opinions, must move us to lessen great faults, to aggravate small ones, excuse offenders, accuse the innocent, or misrepresent any thing.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 9. - Thou shalt not oppress a stranger. This is a repetition of Exodus 22:21, with perhaps a special reference to oppression through courts of justice. For thou knowest the heart of a stranger. Literally, "the mind of a stranger," or, in other words, his thoughts and feelings. Thou shouldest therefore be able to sympathise with him. CEREMONIAL LAWS (vers. 10-19).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Also thou shall not oppress a stranger,.... As these were not to be vexed and oppressed in a private manner and by private men, see Exodus 22:21 so neither in a public manner, and in a public court of judicature, or by judges on the bench when their cause was before them, by not doing them justice, showing a partiality to those of their own nation against a stranger; whereas a stranger ought to have equal justice done him as a native, and the utmost care should be taken that he has no injury done him, and the rather because he is a stranger:

for ye know the heart of a stranger; the fears he is possessed of, the inward distress of his soul, the anxiety of his mind, the tenderness of his heart, the workings of his passions, his grief and sorrow, and dejection of spirit: the Targum of Jonathan is,""the groaning of the soul of a stranger": this the Israelitish judges knew, having had a very late experience of it:"

seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt; where they had been vexed and oppressed, brought into hard bondage, and groaned under it; and therefore it might be reasonably thought and expected that they would have a heart sympathizing with strangers, and use them well, and especially see that justice was done them, and no injury or oppression of any kind.



Exodus 23:9 Additional Commentaries
Context
Justice and Mercy
8"You shall not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the clear-sighted and subverts the cause of the just. 9"You shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the feelings of a stranger, for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Cross References
Exodus 22:21
"Do not mistreat or oppress a foreigner, for you were foreigners in Egypt.

Leviticus 19:33
"'When a foreigner resides among you in your land, do not mistreat them.

Deuteronomy 23:7
Do not despise an Edomite, for the Edomites are related to you. Do not despise an Egyptian, because you resided as foreigners in their country.

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

Deuteronomy 27:19
"Cursed is anyone who withholds justice from the foreigner, the fatherless or the widow." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"

Ezekiel 22:7
In you they have treated father and mother with contempt; in you they have oppressed the foreigner and mistreated the fatherless and the widow.

Ezekiel 22:29
The people of the land practice extortion and commit robbery; they oppress the poor and needy and mistreat the foreigner, denying them justice.
Treasury of Scripture

Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

thou shalt not

Exodus 21:21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: …

Deuteronomy 10:19 Love you therefore the stranger: for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 24:14-18 You shall not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether …

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, …

Psalm 94:6 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.

Ezekiel 22:7 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of …

ye know

Matthew 18:33 Should not you also have had compassion on your fellow servant, even …

Hebrews 2:17,18 Why in all things it behooved him to be made like to his brothers…

heart. Heb. soul

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