Genesis 43:31
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
After he had washed his face, he came out and, controlling himself, said, "Serve the food."

New Living Translation
After washing his face, he came back out, keeping himself under control. Then he ordered, "Bring out the food!"

English Standard Version
Then he washed his face and came out. And controlling himself he said, “Serve the food.”

New American Standard Bible
Then he washed his face and came out; and he controlled himself and said, "Serve the meal."

King James Bible
And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he washed his face and came out. Regaining his composure, he said, "Serve the meal."

International Standard Version
then washed his face and came out. Barely controlling himself, he ordered his staff to serve the meal.

NET Bible
Then he washed his face and came out. With composure he said, "Set out the food."

New Heart English Bible
He washed his face, and came out. He controlled himself, and said, "Serve the meal."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he washed his face and came out. He was in control of his emotions when he said, "Serve the food."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he washed his face, and came out; and he refrained himself, and said: 'Set on bread.'

New American Standard 1977
Then he washed his face, and came out; and he controlled himself and said, “Serve the meal.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he washed his face and went out and refrained himself and said, Serve bread.

King James 2000 Bible
And he washed his face, and went out, and controlled himself, and said, Serve the food.

American King James Version
And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.

American Standard Version
And he washed his face, and came out; and he refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when he had washed his face, coming out again, he refrained himself, and said: Set bread on the table.

Darby Bible Translation
And he washed his face, and came out, and controlled himself, and said, Set on bread.

English Revised Version
And he washed his face, and came out; and he refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.

World English Bible
He washed his face, and came out. He controlled himself, and said, "Serve the meal."

Young's Literal Translation
and he washeth his face, and goeth out, and refraineth himself, and saith, 'Place bread.'
Study Bible
Joseph's Hospitality to his Brothers
30Joseph hurried out for he was deeply stirred over his brother, and he sought a place to weep; and he entered his chamber and wept there. 31Then he washed his face and came out; and he controlled himself and said, "Serve the meal." 32So they served him by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is loathsome to the Egyptians.…
Cross References
Genesis 45:1
Then Joseph could not control himself before all those who stood by him, and he cried, "Have everyone go out from me." So there was no man with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

Proverbs 10:19
When there are many words, transgression is unavoidable, But he who restrains his lips is wise.
Treasury of Scripture

And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.

refrained.

Genesis 45:1 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood …

Isaiah 42:14 I have long time held my peace; I have been still, and refrained …

Jeremiah 31:16 Thus said the LORD; Refrain your voice from weeping, and your eyes …

1 Peter 3:10 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his …

bread.

Genesis 43:25 And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for …

(31) He washed his face.--This was done to remove all traces of his tears.

Verse 31. - And he washed his face (an indication of the violence of his weeping), and went out (from his chamber), and refrained himself (keeping his tears in check), and said, Set on bread - an expression used at the present day in Egypt for bringing dinner (Wilkinson, 'Ancient Egyptians,' vol. 2. p. 41, ed. 1878). And he washed his face,.... From the tears on it, that it might not be discerned that he had been weeping:

and went out; of his chamber into the room again, where his brethren were:

and refrained himself; from weeping, or showing any excess of passion, love, joy, &c.

and said, set on bread; gave orders to his servants to bring in dinner, and set it upon the table; bread, as before, being put for all kind of food. Ge 43:31-34. The Dinner.

31. Joseph said, Set on bread—equivalent to having dinner served, "bread" being a term inclusive of all victuals. The table was a small stool, most probably the usual round form, "since persons might even then be seated according to their rank or seniority, and the modern Egyptian table is not without its post of honor and a fixed gradation of place" [Wilkinson]. Two or at most three persons were seated at one table. But the host being the highest in rank of the company had a table to himself; while it was so arranged that an Egyptian was not placed nor obliged to eat from the same dish as a Hebrew.43:26-34 Observe the great respect Joseph's brethren paid to him. Thus were Joseph's dreams more and more fulfilled. Joseph showed great kindness to them. He treated them nobly; but see here the early distance between Jews and gentiles. In a day of famine, it is enough to be fed; but they were feasted. Their cares and fears were now over, and they ate their bread with joy, reckoning they were upon good terms with the lord of the land. If God accept our works, our present, we have reason to be cheerful. Joseph showed special regard for Benjamin, that he might try whether his brethren would envy him. It must be our rule, to be content with what we have, and not to grieve at what others have. Thus Jesus shows those whom he loves, more and more of their need. He makes them see that he is their only refuge from destruction. He overcomes their unwillingness, and brings them to himself. Then, as he sees good, he gives them some taste of his love, and welcomes them to the provisions of his house, as an earnest of what he further intends for them.
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Alphabetical: After and came controlled controlling face food had he himself his meal out said Serve the Then washed

OT Law: Genesis 43:31 He washed his face and came out (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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