Genesis 40:4
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New International Version
The captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph, and he attended them. After they had been in custody for some time,

New Living Translation
They remained in prison for quite some time, and the captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph, who looked after them.

English Standard Version
The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be with them, and he attended them. They continued for some time in custody.

New American Standard Bible
The captain of the bodyguard put Joseph in charge of them, and he took care of them; and they were in confinement for some time.

King James Bible
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The captain of the guard assigned Joseph to them, and he became their personal attendant. And they were in custody for some time.

International Standard Version
The captain of the guard entrusted them to Joseph's custody, who took care of them, since they were to remain there in custody for a number of days.

NET Bible
The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be their attendant, and he served them. They spent some time in custody.

New Heart English Bible
The captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph, and he took care of them. They stayed in prison many days.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph, and he took care of them. After they had been confined for some time,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph to be with them, and he ministered unto them; and they continued a season in ward.

New American Standard 1977
And the captain of the bodyguard put Joseph in charge of them, and he took care of them; and they were in confinement for some time.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them; and they continued for days in prison.

King James 2000 Bible
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued awhile in custody.

American King James Version
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.

American Standard Version
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he ministered unto them: and they continued a season in ward.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the keeper of the prison delivered them to Joseph, and he served them. Some little time passed, and they were kept in custody.

Darby Bible Translation
And the captain of the life-guard appointed Joseph to them, that he should attend on them. And they were [several] days in custody.

English Revised Version
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he ministered unto them: and they continued a season in ward.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them; and they continued a season in custody.

World English Bible
The captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph, and he took care of them. They stayed in prison many days.

Young's Literal Translation
and the chief of the executioners chargeth Joseph with them, and he serveth them; and they are days in charge.
Study Bible
The Cupbearer and the Baker
3So he put them in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, in the jail, the same place where Joseph was imprisoned. 4The captain of the bodyguard put Joseph in charge of them, and he took care of them; and they were in confinement for some time. 5Then the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt, who were confined in jail, both had a dream the same night, each man with his own dream and each dream with its own interpretation.…
Cross References
Genesis 37:36
Meanwhile, the Midianites sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, Pharaoh's officer, the captain of the bodyguard.

Genesis 39:22
The chief jailer committed to Joseph's charge all the prisoners who were in the jail; so that whatever was done there, he was responsible for it.

Genesis 40:3
So he put them in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, in the jail, the same place where Joseph was imprisoned.

Genesis 40:5
Then the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt, who were confined in jail, both had a dream the same night, each man with his own dream and each dream with its own interpretation.

Genesis 42:17
So he put them all together in prison for three days.
Treasury of Scripture

And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.

the captain.

Genesis 37:36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of …

Genesis 39:1,21-23 And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of …

Psalm 37:5 Commit your way to the LORD; trust also in him; and he shall bring it to pass.

a season. {Yamim,} literally days; how long is uncertain, though the word may signify, as many suppose, a complete year (see

Genesis 4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the …

Genesis 24:55 And her brother and her mother said, Let the damsel abide with us …

Genesis 24:20 And she hurried, and emptied her pitcher into the trough, and ran …

Verse 4. - And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them (literally, set Joseph with them, i.e. as a companion or servant; to wait upon them, since they were high officers of State, not to keep watch over them as criminals), and he served them (i.e. acted as their attendant): and they continued a season in ward (literally, and they were days, i.e. an indefinite period, in prison). And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them,.... Committed them to his care and custody, he being very probably recommended to him by the keeper of the prison for his prudence and fidelity; and if it was Potiphar, he knew his character full well, and might be now reconciled unto him, as having had a more full and clear account of the affair between him and his wife from the keeper of the prison; and therefore though he might not think fit for his own and his wife's reputation to remove him from prison as yet, nevertheless might be inclined to do him what service he could, as well as honour, as this was, to have two such state prisoners committed to his care. Some render it, "he committed Joseph with them" (x); to be with them, as Jarchi interprets it; they were put together, not merely for the sake of company, but that Joseph might wait upon them, which might be beneficial as well as creditable, as it follows:

and he served them; he ministered unto them, and brought them every thing they wanted:

and they continued a season in ward; or "days" (y); some certain days, many days, a year, as Jarchi and Ben Gersom interpret it, and which is sometimes the use of the word. The story of the butler and baker is told, partly to show the divine faculty of interpreting dreams Joseph was possessed of; and partly to observe the remarkable steps in Providence, though secret, towards his advancement in Pharaoh's court.

(x) "et commisit Josephum cum eis", Junius & Tremellius. (y) "per annum", Pagninus, Vatablus, Schmidt. 4. The captain of the guard charged Joseph with them—not the keeper, though he was most favorably disposed; but Potiphar himself, who, it would seem, was by this time satisfied of the perfect innocence of the young Hebrew; though, probably, to prevent the exposure of his family, he deemed it prudent to detain him in confinement (see Ps 37:5).

They continued a season in ward—literally, "days," how long, is uncertain; but as they were called to account on the king's birthday, it has been supposed that their offense had been committed on the preceding anniversary [Calvin].40:1-19 It was not so much the prison that made the butler and baker sad, as their dreams. God has more ways than one to sadden the spirits. Joseph had compassion towards them. Let us be concerned for the sadness of our brethren's countenances. It is often a relief to those that are in trouble to be noticed. Also learn to look into the causes of our own sorrow. Is there a good reason? Is there not comfort sufficient to balance it, whatever it is? Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Joseph was careful to ascribe the glory to God. The chief butler's dream foretold his advancement. The chief baker's dream his death. It was not Joseph's fault that he brought the baker no better tidings. And thus ministers are but interpreters; they cannot make the thing otherwise than it is: if they deal faithfully, and their message prove unpleasing, it is not their fault. Joseph does not reflect upon his brethren that sold him; nor does he reflect on the wrong done him by his mistress and his master, but mildly states his own innocence. When we are called on to clear ourselves, we should carefully avoid, as much as may be, speaking ill of others. Let us be content to prove ourselves innocent, and not upbraid others with their guilt.
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