Genesis 40:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Some time later, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their master, the king of Egypt.

New Living Translation
Some time later, Pharaoh's chief cup-bearer and chief baker offended their royal master.

English Standard Version
Some time after this, the cupbearer of the king of Egypt and his baker committed an offense against their lord the king of Egypt.

New American Standard Bible
Then it came about after these things, the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt.

King James Bible
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After this, the Egyptian king's cupbearer and baker offended their master, the king of Egypt.

International Standard Version
Some time later, both the senior security advisor to the king of Egypt and his head chef offended their master, Egypt's king.

NET Bible
After these things happened, the cupbearer to the king of Egypt and the royal baker offended their master, the king of Egypt.

New Heart English Bible
It happened after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord, the king of Egypt.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Later the king's cupbearer and his baker offended their master, the king of Egypt.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.

New American Standard 1977
Then it came about after these things the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had sinned against their lord, the king of Egypt.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

American King James Version
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
After this, it came to pass, that two eunuchs, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, offended their lord.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass after these things, [that] the cup-bearer of the king of Egypt and the baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

World English Bible
It happened after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord, the king of Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass, after these things -- the butler of the king of Egypt and the baker have sinned against their lord, against the king of Egypt;
Study Bible
The Cupbearer and the Baker
1Then it came about after these things, the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt. 2Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker.…
Cross References
Genesis 40:2
Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker.

Genesis 40:5
Then the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt, who were confined in jail, both had a dream the same night, each man with his own dream and each dream with its own interpretation.

Genesis 40:11
"Now Pharaoh's cup was in my hand; so I took the grapes and squeezed them into Pharaoh's cup, and I put the cup into Pharaoh's hand."

Genesis 40:13
within three more days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your office; and you will put Pharaoh's cup into his hand according to your former custom when you were his cupbearer.

Nehemiah 1:11
"O Lord, I beseech You, may Your ear be attentive to the prayer of Your servant and the prayer of Your servants who delight to revere Your name, and make Your servant successful today and grant him compassion before this man." Now I was the cupbearer to the king.
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

it came.

Genesis 39:20-23 And Joseph's master took him, and put him into the prison, a place …

Esther 6:1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring …

the butler. {Maskeh}, from {shakah}, to give drink, is the same as {saky} among the Arabians and Persians, and signifies a cup-bearer.

Genesis 40:13 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up your head, and restore …

Nehemiah 1:11 O LORD, I beseech you, let now your ear be attentive to the prayer …

Nehemiah 2:1,2 And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of …

XL.

JOSEPH INTERPRETS THE DREAMS OF THE CHIEF BUTLER AND BAKER.

(1) Butler.--Heb., one who gives to drink, cupbearer. As we learn in Genesis 40:11 that it was grapewine which he gave the king to drink, this chapter has been the main dependence of the new critics for their proof that the Book of Genesis was not written by Moses. For Herod. (i. 77) says, "The Egyptians make use of wine prepared from barley, because there are no vineyards in their country." As Herodotus was thirteen centuries later than the time of Joseph, they argue not only that the vine could not have been introduced into Egypt at so early a date, but that the records of Joseph's life could not have been put together by anyone acquainted with Egypt, in spite of their exact knowledge in all other respects of Egyptian customs. But when we turn to Herodotus himself, we find the most complete refutation of the previous statement. For, in Book ii. 37, speaking of the liberal treatment of the priests, he says, that they had an allowance of "grape-wine." Again, in Genesis 39, he tells us that it was the custom to pour wine on a victim about to be sacrificed. To one used to the extensive vineyards of Greece and Asia Minor, the comparative scarcity of the vine, and the use of another ordinary drink in its place, would be striking; but that he was guilty of gross exaggeration in his statement is proved by evidence far more trustworthy than his own writings. For, on the tombs at Beni-hassan, which are anterior to the time of Joseph, on those at Thebes, and on the Pyramids, are representations of vines grown in every way, except that usual in Italy, festooned on trees; there is every process of the vintage, grapes in baskets, men trampling them in vats, various forms of presses for squeezing out the juice, jars for storing it, and various processes, even of the fermentation, noticed. Numerous engravings of the sculptures and paintings on these ancient monuments may be seen in Wilkinson's Egypt; and most abundant evidence of the culture of the vine in ancient Egypt has been collected, and an account of the vines grown there given in Malan's Philosophy or Truth, pp. 31-39. It neither is nor ever was a great wine-producing country, but the vine existed from one end of the country to the other, as it does at this day.

Baker.--Wilkinson, Ancient Egyptians, ii. 38, 39, gives proof from the monuments, that they had carried the art of making confectionery to very great perfection.

Verse 1. - And it came to pass (literally, and it was) after these things (literally, words, i.e. after the transactions just re. corded), that the butler - מָשְׁקֶה, the hiph. part. of שָׁקָה, to drink, signifies one who causes to drink, hence cupbearer (cf. ver. 11) - of the king of Egypt and his baker - the אֹפֶה (part. of אָפָה, to cook or bake) was the officer who prepared the king's food. The monuments show that the Egyptians had carried the arts of the confectioner and cook to a high degree of perfection (vide Hengstenberg, 'Egypt and the Books of Moses,' p. 27; Wilkinson, 'Ancient Egyptians,' 2:33-39, ed. 1878) - had offended (or sinned against) their lord (literally, against, the preposition being repeated) the king of Egypt - whom they had attempted to poison (the Targum of Jonathan), though this of course is only a conjecture in the absence of specific information. And it came to pass after these things,.... After Joseph had been accused and cast into prison, where he had been for some time:

that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt; committed some fault, at least were accused of one, which raised his displeasure at them. The Targum of Jonathan says, that they consulted to put poison into his drink and food; which, it is not improbable, considering their business and office, they might be charged with; at least it is much more probable than what Jarchi suggests, that the one put a fly into his cup, and the other a little stone or sand into his bread. CHAPTER 40

Ge 40:1-8. Two State Prisoners.

1. the butler—not only the cup-bearer, but overseer of the royal vineyards, as well as the cellars; having, probably, some hundreds of people under him.

baker—or cook, had the superintendence of every thing relating to the providing and preparing of meats for the royal table. Both officers, especially the former, were, in ancient Egypt, always persons of great rank and importance; and from the confidential nature of their employment, as well as their access to the royal presence, they were generally the highest nobles or princes of the blood.40:1-19 It was not so much the prison that made the butler and baker sad, as their dreams. God has more ways than one to sadden the spirits. Joseph had compassion towards them. Let us be concerned for the sadness of our brethren's countenances. It is often a relief to those that are in trouble to be noticed. Also learn to look into the causes of our own sorrow. Is there a good reason? Is there not comfort sufficient to balance it, whatever it is? Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Joseph was careful to ascribe the glory to God. The chief butler's dream foretold his advancement. The chief baker's dream his death. It was not Joseph's fault that he brought the baker no better tidings. And thus ministers are but interpreters; they cannot make the thing otherwise than it is: if they deal faithfully, and their message prove unpleasing, it is not their fault. Joseph does not reflect upon his brethren that sold him; nor does he reflect on the wrong done him by his mistress and his master, but mildly states his own innocence. When we are called on to clear ourselves, we should carefully avoid, as much as may be, speaking ill of others. Let us be content to prove ourselves innocent, and not upbraid others with their guilt.
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