Genesis 40:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Some time later, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their master, the king of Egypt.

New Living Translation
Some time later, Pharaoh's chief cup-bearer and chief baker offended their royal master.

English Standard Version
Some time after this, the cupbearer of the king of Egypt and his baker committed an offense against their lord the king of Egypt.

New American Standard Bible
Then it came about after these things, the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt.

King James Bible
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After this, the Egyptian king's cupbearer and baker offended their master, the king of Egypt.

International Standard Version
Some time later, both the senior security advisor to the king of Egypt and his head chef offended their master, Egypt's king.

NET Bible
After these things happened, the cupbearer to the king of Egypt and the royal baker offended their master, the king of Egypt.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Later the king's cupbearer and his baker offended their master, the king of Egypt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had sinned against their lord, the king of Egypt.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

American King James Version
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
After this, it came to pass, that two eunuchs, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, offended their lord.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass after these things, [that] the cup-bearer of the king of Egypt and the baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

World English Bible
It happened after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord, the king of Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass, after these things -- the butler of the king of Egypt and the baker have sinned against their lord, against the king of Egypt;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

40:1-19 It was not so much the prison that made the butler and baker sad, as their dreams. God has more ways than one to sadden the spirits. Joseph had compassion towards them. Let us be concerned for the sadness of our brethren's countenances. It is often a relief to those that are in trouble to be noticed. Also learn to look into the causes of our own sorrow. Is there a good reason? Is there not comfort sufficient to balance it, whatever it is? Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Joseph was careful to ascribe the glory to God. The chief butler's dream foretold his advancement. The chief baker's dream his death. It was not Joseph's fault that he brought the baker no better tidings. And thus ministers are but interpreters; they cannot make the thing otherwise than it is: if they deal faithfully, and their message prove unpleasing, it is not their fault. Joseph does not reflect upon his brethren that sold him; nor does he reflect on the wrong done him by his mistress and his master, but mildly states his own innocence. When we are called on to clear ourselves, we should carefully avoid, as much as may be, speaking ill of others. Let us be content to prove ourselves innocent, and not upbraid others with their guilt.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - And it came to pass (literally, and it was) after these things (literally, words, i.e. after the transactions just re. corded), that the butler - מָשְׁקֶה, the hiph. part. of שָׁקָה, to drink, signifies one who causes to drink, hence cupbearer (cf. ver. 11) - of the king of Egypt and his baker - the אֹפֶה (part. of אָפָה, to cook or bake) was the officer who prepared the king's food. The monuments show that the Egyptians had carried the arts of the confectioner and cook to a high degree of perfection (vide Hengstenberg, 'Egypt and the Books of Moses,' p. 27; Wilkinson, 'Ancient Egyptians,' 2:33-39, ed. 1878) - had offended (or sinned against) their lord (literally, against, the preposition being repeated) the king of Egypt - whom they had attempted to poison (the Targum of Jonathan), though this of course is only a conjecture in the absence of specific information.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And it came to pass after these things,.... After Joseph had been accused and cast into prison, where he had been for some time:

that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt; committed some fault, at least were accused of one, which raised his displeasure at them. The Targum of Jonathan says, that they consulted to put poison into his drink and food; which, it is not improbable, considering their business and office, they might be charged with; at least it is much more probable than what Jarchi suggests, that the one put a fly into his cup, and the other a little stone or sand into his bread.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 40

Ge 40:1-8. Two State Prisoners.

1. the butler—not only the cup-bearer, but overseer of the royal vineyards, as well as the cellars; having, probably, some hundreds of people under him.

baker—or cook, had the superintendence of every thing relating to the providing and preparing of meats for the royal table. Both officers, especially the former, were, in ancient Egypt, always persons of great rank and importance; and from the confidential nature of their employment, as well as their access to the royal presence, they were generally the highest nobles or princes of the blood.

Genesis 40:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Cupbearer and the Baker
1Then it came about after these things, the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt. 2Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker.…
Cross References
Genesis 40:2
Pharaoh was angry with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker,

Genesis 40:5
each of the two men--the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were being held in prison--had a dream the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own.

Genesis 40:11
Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes, squeezed them into Pharaoh's cup and put the cup in his hand."

Genesis 40:13
Within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your position, and you will put Pharaoh's cup in his hand, just as you used to do when you were his cupbearer.

Nehemiah 1:11
Lord, let your ear be attentive to the prayer of this your servant and to the prayer of your servants who delight in revering your name. Give your servant success today by granting him favor in the presence of this man." I was cupbearer to the king.
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.

it came.

Genesis 39:20-23 And Joseph's master took him, and put him into the prison, a place …

Esther 6:1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring …

the butler. {Maskeh}, from {shakah}, to give drink, is the same as {saky} among the Arabians and Persians, and signifies a cup-bearer.

Genesis 40:13 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up your head, and restore …

Nehemiah 1:11 O LORD, I beseech you, let now your ear be attentive to the prayer …

Nehemiah 2:1,2 And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of …

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