Genesis 40:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Pharaoh was angry with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker,

New Living Translation
Pharaoh became angry with these two officials,

English Standard Version
And Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker,

New American Standard Bible
Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker.

King James Bible
And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker,

International Standard Version
Pharaoh was so angry with his two officers—his senior security advisor and his head chef—

NET Bible
Pharaoh was enraged with his two officials, the cupbearer and the baker,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Pharaoh was angry with his chief cupbearer and his chief baker.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Pharaoh was angry against his two officers, against the chief of the butlers and against the chief of the bakers.

King James 2000 Bible
And Pharaoh was angry against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

American King James Version
And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

American Standard Version
And Pharaoh was wroth against his two officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Pharao being angry with them (now the one was chief butler, the other chief baker)

Darby Bible Translation
And Pharaoh was wroth with his two chamberlains -- with the chief of the cup-bearers and with the chief of the bakers;

English Revised Version
And Pharaoh was wroth against his two officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Pharaoh was wroth with two of his officers, with the chief of the butlers, and with the chief of the bakers.

World English Bible
Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker.

Young's Literal Translation
and Pharaoh is wroth against his two eunuchs, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

40:1-19 It was not so much the prison that made the butler and baker sad, as their dreams. God has more ways than one to sadden the spirits. Joseph had compassion towards them. Let us be concerned for the sadness of our brethren's countenances. It is often a relief to those that are in trouble to be noticed. Also learn to look into the causes of our own sorrow. Is there a good reason? Is there not comfort sufficient to balance it, whatever it is? Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Joseph was careful to ascribe the glory to God. The chief butler's dream foretold his advancement. The chief baker's dream his death. It was not Joseph's fault that he brought the baker no better tidings. And thus ministers are but interpreters; they cannot make the thing otherwise than it is: if they deal faithfully, and their message prove unpleasing, it is not their fault. Joseph does not reflect upon his brethren that sold him; nor does he reflect on the wrong done him by his mistress and his master, but mildly states his own innocence. When we are called on to clear ourselves, we should carefully avoid, as much as may be, speaking ill of others. Let us be content to prove ourselves innocent, and not upbraid others with their guilt.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - And Pharaoh was wroth - literally, broke forth (sc. into anger) - against two of his officers (vide Genesis 37:36) against the chief - sar: the word occurs in one of the oldest historical documents of ancient Egypt ('Inscription of Una,' line 4, sixth dynasty), meaning chief or eunuch (vide ' Records of the Past,' 2:3) - of the butlers, - an office once filled by Nehemiah in the Court of Persia (Nehemiah 1:11), and Rabshakeh (Aramaic for "chief of the cupbearers") in the Court of Assyria (2 Kings 18:17) - and against the chief of the bakers. Oriental monarchs generally had a multitude of butlers and bakers, or cupbearers and Court purveyors, the chiefs in both departments being invested with high honor, and regarded with much trust (Herod., 3:34; Xenoph., 'Cyrop.,' 1:3, 8).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers,.... The same above mentioned:

against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers; for as there were several butlers and bakers that belonged unto him, who were employed in providing wine and food for him, there was one of each who was over the rest; and as their business was to see that those under them did their work well, when they were faulty the principal officers were answerable for it: wherefore, if in this case they had not been guilty of anything criminal themselves personally, yet they might have neglected to look after those that were under them, and so were culpable, and drew upon them the wrath and resentment of their lord and sovereign.



Genesis 40:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Cupbearer and the Baker
1Then it came about after these things, the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt. 2Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. 3So he put them in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, in the jail, the same place where Joseph was imprisoned.…
Cross References
Genesis 40:1
Some time later, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their master, the king of Egypt.

Genesis 40:21
He restored the chief cupbearer to his position, so that he once again put the cup into Pharaoh's hand--

Genesis 40:23
The chief cupbearer, however, did not remember Joseph; he forgot him.

Genesis 41:10
Pharaoh was once angry with his servants, and he imprisoned me and the chief baker in the house of the captain of the guard.

Proverbs 16:14
A king's wrath is a messenger of death, but the wise will appease it.
Treasury of Scripture

And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

wroth.

Psalm 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise you: the remainder of wrath …

Proverbs 16:14 The wrath of a king is as messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it.

Proverbs 19:12,19 The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as …

Proverbs 27:4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?

Acts 12:20 And Herod was highly displeased with them of Tyre and Sidon: but …

the chief of the butlers.

1 Chronicles 27:27 And over the vineyards was Shimei the Ramathite: over the increase …

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