Genesis 40:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
So the chief cupbearer told Joseph his dream. He said to him, "In my dream I saw a vine in front of me,

New Living Translation
So the chief cup-bearer told Joseph his dream first. "In my dream," he said, "I saw a grapevine in front of me.

English Standard Version
So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph and said to him, “In my dream there was a vine before me,

New American Standard Bible
So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, "In my dream, behold, there was a vine in front of me;

King James Bible
And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: "In my dream there was a vine in front of me.

International Standard Version
So the senior security advisor related his dream to Joseph. "In my dream," he said, "all of a sudden there was a vine in front of me!

NET Bible
So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: "In my dream, there was a vine in front of me.

New Heart English Bible
The chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, "In my dream, look, a vine was in front of me,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So the chief cupbearer told Joseph his dream. He said "In my dream a grapevine with three branches appeared in front of me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him: 'In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

New American Standard 1977
So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, “In my dream, behold, there was a vine in front of me;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then the chief butler told his dream to Joseph and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me,

King James 2000 Bible
And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

American King James Version
And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

American Standard Version
And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

Douay-Rheims Bible
The chief butler first told his dream: I saw before me a vine,

Darby Bible Translation
Then the chief of the cup-bearers told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

English Revised Version
And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

World English Bible
The chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, "In my dream, behold, a vine was in front of me,

Young's Literal Translation
And the chief of the butlers recounteth his dream to Joseph, and saith to him, 'In my dream, then lo, a vine is before me!
Study Bible
The Cupbearer and the Baker
8Then they said to him, "We have had a dream and there is no one to interpret it." Then Joseph said to them, "Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell it to me, please." 9So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, "In my dream, behold, there was a vine in front of me; 10and on the vine were three branches. And as it was budding, its blossoms came out, and its clusters produced ripe grapes.…
Cross References
Genesis 40:1
Then it came about after these things, the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt.

Genesis 40:2
Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker.

Genesis 40:8
Then they said to him, "We have had a dream and there is no one to interpret it." Then Joseph said to them, "Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell it to me, please."

Genesis 40:10
and on the vine were three branches. And as it was budding, its blossoms came out, and its clusters produced ripe grapes.
Treasury of Scripture

And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;

a vine.

Genesis 37:5-10 And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brothers: and they …

Judges 7:13-15 And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told a dream …

Daniel 2:31 You, O king, saw, and behold a great image. This great image, whose …

Daniel 4:8,10-18 But at the last Daniel came in before me, whose name was Belteshazzar, …

Verses 9-11. - And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me - literally, in my dream (sc. I was), and behold a vine (gephen, from the unused root gaphan, to be bent, a twig, hence a plant which has twigs, especially a vine; cf. Judges 9:13; Isaiah 7:43; Isaiah 24:7) before me. The introduction of the vine into the narrative, which has been pronounced (Bohlen) an important factor in proof of its recent composition, since, according to Herodotus (2:77), the vine was not cultivated in Egypt, and, according to Plutarch ('De Is. et Osir.,' 6), it was not till after Psammetichus, i.e. about the time of Josiah, that the Egyptians began to drink wine, has now by more accurate study been ascertained to be in exact accordance, not only with Biblical statements (Numbers 20:5; Psalm 78:47; Psalm 105:33), but likewise with the testimony of Herodotus, who affirms (2:37) that wine (οϊνος ἀμπέλενος) was a privilege of the priestly order, and with the representations on the monuments of vines and grapes, and of the entire process of wine-making (vide Havernick's 'Introduction,' § 21; Wilkinson's 'Ancient Egyptians,' 1:379, et seqq. 430, 431, ed. 1878; Hengstenberg, 'Egypt,' p. 13; Rawlinson, 'Hist. Illus.,' p. 49; Thornley Smith, 'Joseph and his Times,' p. 58). And in the vine were three branches: - sarigim, tendrils of a vine, from sarag, to intertwine (ver. 12; Joel 1:7) - and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth; - literally, as it budded (Murphy); or, as though blossoming (Rosenmüller, Keil, Kalisch); it shot forth its blossom (Keil); or, its blossoms shot forth (Rosenmüller, Kalisch, Murphy) - and the clusters thereof brought forth ripe grapes: - more correctly, its stems caused to ripen, or matured, clusters, the אֶשְׁכֹּל being the stalk of a cluster, as distinguished from the עֲגָבִים, or clusters themselves (Gesenius, 'Lex.,' p. 85), though interpreters generally (Kalisch, Keil, Murphy) regard the first as the unripe, and the second as the ripe, cluster - and Pharaoh's cup - כּזֹס, a receptacle or vessel, either contracted from כֵּגֶס, like אִישׁ for אֵגֶשׁ (Gesenius), or derived from כּוּא, to conceal, to receive, to keep, connected with the idea of bringing together, collecting into a thing (Furst) - was in my hand: and I took the grapes, and pressed them - ἐξέθλιψα (LXX.), expressi (Vulgate), a translation adopted by the most competent authorities (Gesenius, Furst, Rosenmüller, Keil, Kalisch, et alii), though the sense of diluting with water is advocated by Dathe, Havernick ('Introd.,' § 21), and others as the most appropriate signification of שָׁחַט, which occurs only here. That Pharaoh is represented as drinking the expressed juice of grapes is no proof that the Egyptians were not acquainted with fermentation, and did not drink fermented liquors. In numerous frescoes the process of fermentation is distinctly represented, and Herodotus testifies that though the use of grape wine was comparatively limited, the common people drank a wine made from barley: οἵνῳ δ ἐκ κριθέων πεποιημένῳ (2:77) - into Pharaoh's cup, and I gave the cup into Pharaoh's hand - literally, I placed the cup upon Pharaoh's palm, כַּפ, used of Jacob's thigh-socket (Genesis 32:26), meaning something hollowed out. And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph,.... He listened to what Joseph said, and paid a regard to it, and began to think he might be able to interpret his dream, and therefore was forward, and the first to tell him it at once; whereas the chief baker did not seem disposed to do it, until he observed the good interpretation given of the butler's dream, Genesis 40:16,

and said unto him, in my dream, behold, a vine was before me; it appeared to him in his dream, as if a vine sprung up at once, and stood before him; which was very suitable to his office as a butler, wine being the fruit of the vine, which he provided for the king his master, and presented to him at table. Ge 40:9-15. The Butler's Dream.

9-11. In my dream, behold, a vine was before me—The visionary scene described seems to represent the king as taking exercise and attended by his butler, who gave him a cooling draught. On all occasions, the kings of ancient Egypt were required to practice temperance in the use of wine [Wilkinson]; but in this scene, it is a prepared beverage he is drinking, probably the sherbet of the present day. Everything was done in the king's presence—the cup was washed, the juice of the grapes pressed into it; and it was then handed to him—not grasped; but lightly resting on the tips of the fingers.40:1-19 It was not so much the prison that made the butler and baker sad, as their dreams. God has more ways than one to sadden the spirits. Joseph had compassion towards them. Let us be concerned for the sadness of our brethren's countenances. It is often a relief to those that are in trouble to be noticed. Also learn to look into the causes of our own sorrow. Is there a good reason? Is there not comfort sufficient to balance it, whatever it is? Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Joseph was careful to ascribe the glory to God. The chief butler's dream foretold his advancement. The chief baker's dream his death. It was not Joseph's fault that he brought the baker no better tidings. And thus ministers are but interpreters; they cannot make the thing otherwise than it is: if they deal faithfully, and their message prove unpleasing, it is not their fault. Joseph does not reflect upon his brethren that sold him; nor does he reflect on the wrong done him by his mistress and his master, but mildly states his own innocence. When we are called on to clear ourselves, we should carefully avoid, as much as may be, speaking ill of others. Let us be content to prove ourselves innocent, and not upbraid others with their guilt.
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