Acts 5:17
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then the high priest and all his associates, who were members of the party of the Sadducees, were filled with jealousy.

New Living Translation
The high priest and his officials, who were Sadducees, were filled with jealousy.

English Standard Version
But the high priest rose up, and all who were with him (that is, the party of the Sadducees), and filled with jealousy

Berean Study Bible
Then the high priest and all his associates (who belonged to the party of the Sadducees) rose up with jealousy.

Berean Literal Bible
But the high priest, having risen up, and all those with him (being the sect of the Sadducees) were filled with jealousy,

New American Standard Bible
But the high priest rose up, along with all his associates (that is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy.

King James Bible
Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the high priest took action. He and all his colleagues, those who belonged to the party of the Sadducees, were filled with jealousy.

International Standard Version
Then the high priest and all those from the sect of the Sadducees who were with him were filled with jealousy. So they went out,

NET Bible
Now the high priest rose up, and all those with him (that is, the religious party of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy.

New Heart English Bible
But the high priest rose up, and all those who were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And The High Priest and all who were with him, who were of the doctrine of the Sadducees, were filled with jealousy.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The chief priest and the whole party of the Sadducees who were with him were extremely jealous. So they took action

New American Standard 1977
But the high priest rose up, along with all his associates (that is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then the prince of the priests rose up, and all those that were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees) were filled with jealousy

King James 2000 Bible
Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,

American King James Version
Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,

American Standard Version
But the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then the high prist rising up, and all they that were with him, (which is the heresy of the Sadducees,) were filled with envy.

Darby Bible Translation
And the high priest rising up, and all they that were with him, which is the sect of the Sadducees, were filled with wrath,

English Revised Version
But the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy,

Webster's Bible Translation
Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him; (which is the sect of the Sadducees) and were filled with indignation,

Weymouth New Testament
This roused the High Priest. He and all his party--the sect of the Sadducees--were filled with angry jealousy

World English Bible
But the high priest rose up, and all those who were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy,

Young's Literal Translation
And having risen, the chief priest, and all those with him -- being the sect of the Sadducees -- were filled with zeal,
Study Bible
The Apostles Arrested and Freed
16Crowds also gathered from the towns around Jerusalem, bringing the sick and those tormented by unclean spirits, and all of them were healed. 17Then the high priest and all his associates (who belonged to the party of the Sadducees) rose up with jealousy. 18They arrested the apostles and put them in the public jail.…
Cross References
Matthew 3:7
But when John saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his place of baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Acts 4:1
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

Acts 5:16
Crowds also gathered from the towns around Jerusalem, bringing the sick and those tormented by unclean spirits, and all of them were healed.

Acts 15:5
But some believers from the party of the Pharisees stood up and declared, "The Gentiles must be circumcised and required to obey the Law of Moses."
Treasury of Scripture

Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,

the high.

Acts 4:26 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together …

Psalm 2:1-3 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing…

John 11:47-49 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and …

John 12:10,19 But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death…

all.

Acts 4:1,2,6 And as they spoke to the people, the priests, and the captain of …

Acts 23:6-8 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the …

indignation. or, envy.

Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but …

Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, …

Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took to them certain …

1 Samuel 18:12-16 And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and …

Job 5:2 For wrath kills the foolish man, and envy slays the silly one.

Proverbs 14:30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

Proverbs 27:4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?

Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this …

Matthew 27:18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.

Galatians 5:21 Contentions, murders, drunkenness, revelings, and such like: of the …

James 3:14-16 But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, …

James 4:5 Do you think that the scripture said in vain, The spirit that dwells …

1 Peter 2:1 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …

(17) Then the high priest rose up. . . . Probably, as before, Annas or Caiaphas.

Which is the sect of the Sadducees.--The fact, of which this is the only distinct record, is of immense importance as throwing light on the course of action taken by the upper class of priests, both during our Lord's ministry and in the history of this book. From the time of the teaching of John 5:25-29, they must have felt that His doctrine was diametrically opposed to theirs. They made one attempt to turn that doctrine, on which, and almost on which alone, He and the Pharisees were in accord, into ridicule, and were baffled (Matthew 22:23-33). The raising of Lazarus mingled a dogmatic antagonism with the counsels of political expediency (John 11:49-50). The prominence of the Resurrection of Jesus in the teaching of the Apostles now made the Sadducean high priests their most determined opponents. The Pharisees, on the other hand, less exposed now than they had been before to the condemnation passed by our Lord on their unreality and perverted casuistry, were drawing off from those with whom they had for a time coalesced, into a position at first of declared neutrality; then of secret sympathy; then, in many cases, of professed adherence (Acts 15:5).

Filled with indignation.--The word is that elsewhere rendered "zeal," or "envy." Both meanings of the word were probably applicable here. There was "zeal" against the doctrine, "envy" of the popularity of the Apostles.

Verse 17. - But for then, A.V.; they were filled for were filled, A.V.; jealousy for indignation, A.V. The high priest rose up. It was high time for him and his friends the Sadducees to be up and doing, if they wished to stop the spreading of the faith of Jesus Christ and the Resurrection. Which is the sect of the Sadducees (Acts 4:1, 2, note). It does not appear that Annas himself was a Sadducee, but his son was, and hence it is highly probable that the Sadducees should have attached themselves to Annas, and made a tool of him for suppressing the doctrine of the Resurrection. The sect; αἵρεσις (see Acts 15:5; Acts 24:5, 14; Acts 26:4; Acts 28:22). The word was applied first by Jews to Christians, and then by Christians to sects (1 Corinthians 11:19; Galatians 5:20; 2 Peter 2:1). Jealousy scarcely so well expresses the idea of ζῆλος here as indignation does. In the First Epistle of Clement, ζῆλος is applied to the anger of Cain, of Joseph's brethren, of the Israelites against Moses, of the persecution of St. Peter and St. Paul (iv., 5.). It is only occasionally that it means that kind of anger which we call jealousy. The high priest and his party were indignant at the defiance of their authority, and at the success of the doctrine which they had made it a special object to put down. Then the high priest rose up,.... Annas, or rather Caiaphas; See Gill on Acts 4:6 he having heard what miracles were wrought by the apostles, and what additions were made to them, rose up from his seat and went out of the sanhedrim, in great haste, and in much wrath and passion:

and all they that were with him; in council, that were of his kindred or his party, as John and Alexander, and others, Acts 4:6

which is the sect of the Sadducees; who denied the resurrection of the dead; which doctrine the apostles preached; and this made the high priest and his party very uneasy; whence it seems that the then high priest was a Sadducee, and also the sanhedrim at that time, and which was sometimes the case. Great care indeed was taken of an high priest, that he should not be a Sadducee; on the eve of the day of atonement they always swore the high priest, lest he should be a Sadducee, that he would make no innovation in what was ordered him; and particularly that he would not put the incense upon the fire without, and then carry it in a censor into the most holy place, as the Sadducees understood (k), Leviticus 16:3. But notwithstanding all their care, sometimes they had a Sadducee for an high priest; we read of one John, an high priest, who ministered in that office fourscore years, and at last became a Sadducee (l). And sometimes a sanhedrim consisted only of Sadducees: hence we read of "a sanhedrim of Sadducees" (m); and such an one was this; and therefore it is not to be wondered at what follows,

and they were filled with indignation; or "zeal", for Sadducism; and which was a blind zeal, and not according to knowledge: or "with envy" at the apostles for the miracles done by them, and because of the success that attended them; fearing lest, should they go on at this rate, their religion and authority would come to nothing. Sadducism now seemed greatly to prevail among men in power; and the Jews say (n),

"the son of David will not come until the whole government is turned to the opinion of the Sadducees.''

(k) Misna Yoma, c. 1. sect. 5. Maimon. & Bartenora in ib. (l) T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 29. 1. Juchasin, fol. 16. 2.((m) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 52. 2.((n) Ib. fol. 97. 1.17-23. sect of the Sadducees—See on [1953]Ac 4:1 for the reason why this is specified.5:17-25 There is no prison so dark, so strong, but God can visit his people in it, and, if he pleases, fetch them out. Recoveries from sickness, releases out of trouble, are granted, not that we may enjoy the comforts of life, but that God may be honoured with the services of our life. It is not for the preachers of Christ's gospel to retire into corners, as long as they can have any opportunity of preaching in the great congregation. They must preach to the lowest, whose souls are as precious to Christ as the souls of the greatest. Speak to all, for all are concerned. Speak as those who resolve to stand to it, to live and die by it. Speak all the words of this heavenly, divine life, in comparison with which the present earthly life does not deserve the name. These words of life, which the Holy Ghost puts into your mouth. The words of the gospel are the words of life; words whereby we may be saved. How wretched are those who are vexed at the success of the gospel! They cannot but see that the word and power of the Lord are against them; and they tremble for the consequences, yet they will go on.
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