Matthew 3:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he said to them: "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

New Living Translation
But when he saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to watch him baptize, he denounced them. "You brood of snakes!" he exclaimed. "Who warned you to flee God's coming wrath?

English Standard Version
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Berean Study Bible
But when John saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his place of baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Berean Literal Bible
But having seen many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, "Brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

New American Standard Bible
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

King James Bible
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to the place of his baptism, he said to them, "Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

International Standard Version
But when John saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he told them, "You children of serpents! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

NET Bible
But when he saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, "You offspring of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and the Sadducees who came to be baptized, he said to them, “Offspring of vipers, who has instructed you to flee from the wrath that is coming?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But when he saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to be baptized, he said to them, "You poisonous snakes! Who showed you how to flee from God's coming anger?

New American Standard 1977
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them, “You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Jubilee Bible 2000
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who taught you to flee from the wrath to come?

King James 2000 Bible
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who has warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

American King James Version
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers, who has warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

American Standard Version
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said unto them, Ye offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And seeing many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them: Ye brood of vipers, who hath shewed you to flee from the wrath to come?

Darby Bible Translation
But seeing many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, Offspring of vipers, who has forewarned you to flee from the coming wrath?

English Revised Version
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said unto them, Ye offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Webster's Bible Translation
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Weymouth New Testament
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he exclaimed, "O vipers' brood, who has warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

World English Bible
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for his baptism, he said to them, "You offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Young's Literal Translation
And having seen many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming about his baptism, he said to them, 'Brood of vipers! who did shew you to flee from the coming wrath?
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
3:7-12 To make application to the souls of the hearers, is the life of preaching; so it was of John's preaching. The Pharisees laid their chief stress on outward observances, neglecting the weightier matters of the moral law, and the spiritual meaning of their legal ceremonies. Others of them were detestable hypocrites, making their pretences to holiness a cloak for iniquity. The Sadducees ran into the opposite extreme, denying the existence of spirits, and a future state. They were the scornful infidels of that time and country. There is a wrath to come. It is the great concern of every one to flee from that wrath. God, who delights not in our ruin, has warned us; he warns by the written word, by ministers, by conscience. And those are not worthy of the name of penitents, or their privileges, who say they are sorry for their sins, yet persist in them. It becomes penitents to be humble and low in their own eyes, to be thankful for the least mercy, patient under the greatest affliction, to be watchful against all appearances of sin, to abound in every duty, and to be charitable in judging others. Here is a word of caution, not to trust in outward privileges. There is a great deal which carnal hearts are apt to say within themselves, to put aside the convincing, commanding power of the word of God. Multitudes, by resting in the honours and mere advantages of their being members of an outward church, come short of heaven. Here is a word of terror to the careless and secure. Our corrupt hearts cannot be made to produce good fruit, unless the regenerating Spirit of Christ graft the good word of God upon them. And every tree, however high in gifts and honours, however green in outward professions and performances, if it bring not forth good fruit, the fruits meet for repentance, is hewn down and cast into the fire of God's wrath, the fittest place for barren trees: what else are they good for? If not fit for fruit, they are fit for fuel. John shows the design and intention of Christ's appearing, which they were now speedily to expect. No outward forms can make us clean. No ordinances, by whomsoever administered, or after whatever mode, can supply the want of the baptism of the Holy Ghost and of fire. The purifying and cleansing power of the Holy Spirit alone can produce that purity of heart, and those holy affections, which accompany salvation. It is Christ who baptizes with the Holy Ghost. This he did in the extraordinary gifts of the Spirit sent upon the apostles, Ac 2:4. This he does in the graces and comforts of the Spirit, given to those that ask him, Lu 11:13; Joh 7:38,39; see Ac 11:16. Observe here, the outward church is Christ's floor, Isa 21:10. True believers are as wheat, substantial, useful, and valuable; hypocrites are as chaff, light and empty, useless and worthless, carried about with every wind; these are mixed, good and bad, in the same outward communion. There is a day coming when the wheat and chaff shall be separated. The last judgment will be the distinguishing day, when saints and sinners shall be parted for ever. In heaven the saints are brought together, and no longer scattered; they are safe, and no longer exposed; separated from corrupt neighbours without, and corrupt affections within, and there is no chaff among them. Hell is the unquenchable fire, which will certainly be the portion and punishment of hypocrites and unbelievers. Here life and death, good and evil, are set before us: according as we now are in the field, we shall be then in the floor.
Study Bible
The Mission of John the Baptist
6Confessing their sins, they were baptized by him in the Jordan River. 7But when John saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his place of baptism, he said to them, “You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? 8Produce fruit worthy of repentance.…
Cross References
Proverbs 28:4
Those who forsake the law praise the wicked, But those who keep the law strive with them.

Matthew 12:34
You brood of vipers, how can you who are evil say anything good. For out of the overflow of the heart, the mouth speaks.

Matthew 16:1
Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came and tested Jesus by asking Him to show them a sign from heaven.

Matthew 16:6
"Watch out!" Jesus told them. "Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees."

Matthew 16:11
How can you not understand that I was not telling you about bread? But beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees."

Matthew 16:12
Then they understood that He was not telling them to beware of the yeast used in bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

Matthew 22:23
That same day the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Jesus and questioned Him.

Matthew 22:34
And when the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, they themselves gathered together.

Matthew 23:13
Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You shut the kingdom of heaven in men's faces. You yourselves do not enter, nor will you let in those who wish to enter.

Matthew 23:15
Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You traverse land and sea to win a single convert, and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of hell as you are.
Treasury of Scripture

But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers, who has warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

the Pharisees.

Matthew 5:20 For I say to you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the …

Matthew 12:24 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow does not …

Matthew 15:12 Then came his disciples, and said to him, Know you that the Pharisees …

Matthew 16:6,11,12 Then Jesus said to them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the …

Matthew 22:15,23,34 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle …

Matthew 23:13 But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you shut up …

Mark 7:3-5 For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands …

Mark 8:15 And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the …

Mark 12:13,18 And they send to him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, …

Luke 7:30 But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against …

Luke 11:39-44 And the Lord said to him, Now do you Pharisees make clean the outside …

Luke 16:14 And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: …

Luke 18:11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank you, …

John 1:24 And they which were sent were of the Pharisees.

John 7:45-49 Then came the officers to the chief priests and Pharisees; and they …

John 9:40 And some of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, …

Acts 4:1,2 And as they spoke to the people, the priests, and the captain of …

Acts 5:17 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which …

Acts 15:5 But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, …

Acts 23:6-9 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the …

Acts 26:5 Which knew me from the beginning, if they would testify, that after …

O generation.

Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak good things? …

Matthew 23:33 You serpents, you generation of vipers, how can you escape the damnation …

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your …

Psalm 58:3-6 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as …

Isaiah 57:3,4 But draw near here, you sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer …

Isaiah 59:5 They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that …

Luke 3:7-9 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, …

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you …

1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the …

Revelation 12:9,10 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, …

who.

Jeremiah 6:10 To whom shall I speak, and give warning, that they may hear? behold, …

Jeremiah 51:6 Flee out of the middle of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul: …

Ezekiel 3:18-21 When I say to the wicked, You shall surely die; and you give him …

Ezekiel 33:3-7 If when he sees the sword come on the land, he blow the trumpet, …

Acts 20:31 Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I …

Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness …

Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved …

flee.

Romans 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved …

1 Thessalonians 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, …

2 Thessalonians 1:9,10 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence …

Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God …

Revelation 6:16,17 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from …

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