Acts 4:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to Peter and John while they were speaking to the people.

New Living Translation
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, they were confronted by the priests, the captain of the Temple guard, and some of the Sadducees.

English Standard Version
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

New American Standard Bible
As they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

King James Bible
And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now as they were speaking to the people, the priests, the commander of the temple police, and the Sadducees confronted them,

International Standard Version
While they were speaking to the people, the priests, the commander of the Temple guards, and the Sadducees came to them.

NET Bible
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the commander of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when they were speaking these words to the people, The Priests and The Sadducees and the Rulers of The Temple rose up against them,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Some priests, the officer in charge of the temple guards, and some Sadducees approached Peter and John while they were speaking to the people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as they spoke unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

King James 2000 Bible
And as they spoke unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

American King James Version
And as they spoke to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came on them,

American Standard Version
And as they spake unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

Douay-Rheims Bible
AND as they were speaking to the people, the priests, and the officer of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Darby Bible Translation
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

English Revised Version
And as they spake unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

Webster's Bible Translation
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them,

Weymouth New Testament
While they were saying this to the people, the Priests, the Commander of the Temple Guard, and the Sadducees came upon them,

World English Bible
As they spoke to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came to them,

Young's Literal Translation
And as they are speaking unto the people, there came to them the priests, and the magistrate of the temple, and the Sadducees --
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-4 The apostles preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead. It includes all the happiness of the future state; this they preached through Jesus Christ, to be had through him only. Miserable is their case, to whom the glory of Christ's kingdom is a grief; for since the glory of that kingdom is everlasting, their grief will be everlasting also. The harmless and useful servants of Christ, like the apostles, have often been troubled for their work of faith and labour of love, when wicked men have escaped. And to this day instances are not wanting, in which reading the Scriptures, social prayer, and religious conversation meet with frowns and checks. But if we obey the precepts of Christ, he will support us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - The captain of the temple. Only here and Acts 5:24, and Luke 22:4, 52 in the plural some have thought that the commander of the Roman garrison of the castle of Antonia is here meant. But as the scene is laid in the court of the temple, this is very improbable. Josephus ('Ant. Jud.,' 20, 6:2) speaks of an officer apparently of the temple, who was called ὁ στρατηγός, and was certainly a Jew by his name Ananus, and being, as Josephus relates farther ('Bell Jud.,' 2, 12:6), the son of the high priest Ananias. He also mentions the captain of the temple ('Bell. Jud.,' 6, 5:3) at the time of the destruction of the temple. There can be little doubt, therefore, that the captain of the temple here spoken of was a priest who had under him the Levitical guard, and whose duty it was to keep order in the temple courts in these turbulent times, lie appears from Acts 5:25, 26, Luke 22:4, 52, and the passages in Josephus, to have been an officer of high rank.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And as they spake unto the people,.... For though only mention is made of Peter's preaching in the preceding chapter, yet doubtless John preached as well as he; either in turn, or to a part of the people at some distance: and this shows their diligence, faithfulness, and integrity, in the ministration of the word; and it is recorded to their honour, that whilst they were about their master's business, and discharging the duty of their office,

the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them; by agreement, with great violence, and at unawares: the "priests" might be those who kept the watch in the temple; for

"in three places the priests kept watch, in the house of the sanctuary; in the house of Abtines, in the house of Nitsots, and in the house of Moked, and the Levites in one and twenty places (p).''

And it now being eventide, they might be about to take their stands; "and the captain of the temple" might be he, whom they call, , "the man of the mountain of the house"; who was a ruler, or governor, and a president over all the wards (q); he is sometimes called , "the head of the ward" (r); and of him it is said (s),

"the man of the mountain of the house goes his round through every ward, with burning torches before him; and every ward that does not stand (is not on his feet), the man of the mountain of the house, says to him, peace be to thee; and if he observes that he is asleep, he strikes him with his staff, and he has power to burn his garments.''

The Vulgate Latin and the Oriental versions read in the plural number, as in See Gill on Luke 22:4, Luke 22:52. The Sadducees were a sect among the Jews, that denied the resurrection of the dead; of their rise, name, and tenets; see Gill on Matthew 3:7.

(p) Misn. Middot, c. 1. sect. 1.((q) Bartenora & Yom Tob in ib. sect. 2.((r) Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 6. fol. 186. 3.((s) Misn. Middot, c. 1. sect. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 4

Ac 4:1-13. Peter and John before the Samhedrim.

1-12. the captain—of the Levitical guard.

of the temple—annoyed at the disturbance created around it.

and the Sadducees—who "say that there is no resurrection" (Ac 23:8), irritated at the apostles "preaching through (rather, 'in') Jesus the resurrection from the dead"; for the resurrection of Christ, if a fact, effectually overthrew the Sadducean doctrine.

Acts 4:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Peter and John Before the Council
1As they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them, 2being greatly disturbed because they were teaching the people and proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection from the dead.…
Cross References
Matthew 3:7
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he said to them: "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Luke 20:1
One day as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple courts and proclaiming the good news, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, together with the elders, came up to him.

Luke 22:4
And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus.

Acts 5:17
Then the high priest and all his associates, who were members of the party of the Sadducees, were filled with jealousy.

Acts 5:24
On hearing this report, the captain of the temple guard and the chief priests were at a loss, wondering what this might lead to.

Acts 6:12
So they stirred up the people and the elders and the teachers of the law. They seized Stephen and brought him before the Sanhedrin.
Treasury of Scripture

And as they spoke to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came on them,

the priests.

Acts 4:6 And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, …

Acts 6:7,12 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied …

Matthew 26:3,4 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the …

Matthew 27:1,2,20,41 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the …

John 15:20 Remember the word that I said to you, The servant is not greater …

John 18:3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief …

the captain. or, the ruler.

Acts 5:24,26 Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief …

2 Chronicles 23:4-9 This is the thing that you shall do; A third part of you entering …

Luke 22:4 And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, …

the Sadducees.

Acts 23:6-9 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the …

Matthew 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven …

Matthew 22:16,23,24 And they sent out to him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, …

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