Acts 4:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to Peter and John while they were speaking to the people.

New Living Translation
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, they were confronted by the priests, the captain of the Temple guard, and some of the Sadducees.

English Standard Version
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

Berean Study Bible
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

Berean Literal Bible
And of them speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

New American Standard Bible
As they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

King James Bible
And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now as they were speaking to the people, the priests, the commander of the temple police, and the Sadducees confronted them,

International Standard Version
While they were speaking to the people, the priests, the commander of the Temple guards, and the Sadducees came to them.

NET Bible
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the commander of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

New Heart English Bible
As they spoke to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came to them,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when they were speaking these words to the people, The Priests and The Sadducees and the Rulers of The Temple rose up against them,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Some priests, the officer in charge of the temple guards, and some Sadducees approached Peter and John while they were speaking to the people.

New American Standard 1977
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as they spoke unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

King James 2000 Bible
And as they spoke unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

American King James Version
And as they spoke to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came on them,

American Standard Version
And as they spake unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

Douay-Rheims Bible
AND as they were speaking to the people, the priests, and the officer of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Darby Bible Translation
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

English Revised Version
And as they spake unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

Webster's Bible Translation
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them,

Weymouth New Testament
While they were saying this to the people, the Priests, the Commander of the Temple Guard, and the Sadducees came upon them,

World English Bible
As they spoke to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came to them,

Young's Literal Translation
And as they are speaking unto the people, there came to them the priests, and the magistrate of the temple, and the Sadducees --
Study Bible
Peter and John Before the Council
1While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them, 2greatly disturbed that they were teaching the people and proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection of the dead.…
Cross References
Matthew 3:7
But when John saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his place of baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Luke 20:1
One day as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple courts and proclaiming the gospel, the chief priests and scribes, together with the elders, came up to Him.

Luke 22:4
And Judas went to discuss with the chief priests and temple officers how he might betray Jesus to them.

Acts 5:17
Then the high priest and all his associates (who belonged to the party of the Sadducees) rose up with jealousy.

Acts 5:24
When the captain of the temple guard and the chief priests heard this account, they were perplexed as to what was happening.

Acts 6:12
So they stirred up the people and elders and scribes. They seized Stephen and brought him before the Sanhedrin.
Treasury of Scripture

And as they spoke to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came on them,

the priests.

Acts 4:6 And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, …

Acts 6:7,12 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied …

Matthew 26:3,4 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the …

Matthew 27:1,2,20,41 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the …

John 15:20 Remember the word that I said to you, The servant is not greater …

John 18:3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief …

the captain. or, the ruler.

Acts 5:24,26 Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief …

2 Chronicles 23:4-9 This is the thing that you shall do; A third part of you entering …

Luke 22:4 And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, …

the Sadducees.

Acts 23:6-9 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the …

Matthew 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven …

Matthew 22:16,23,24 And they sent out to him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, …

IV.

(1) The priests, and the captain of the temple.--For the first time in this book, we come across the chief agents in the condemnation passed on our Lord by the Sanhedrin. A few weeks or months had gone by, and they were congratulating themselves on having followed the advice of Caiaphas (John 11:48). They knew that the body of Jesus had disappeared from the sepulchre, and they industriously circulated the report that the disciples had stolen it (Matthew 28:13-15). They must have heard something of the Day of Pentecost--though there is no evidence of their having been present as spectators or listeners--and of the growth of the new society. Now the two chief members of the company of those disciples were teaching publicly in the very portico of the Temple. What were they to do? The "captain of the Temple" (see Note on Luke 22:4) was the head of the band of Levite sentinels whose function it was to keep guard over the sacred precincts. He, as an inspector, made his round by night, visited all the gates, and roused the slumberers. His presence implied that the quiet order of the Temple was supposed to be endangered. In 2 Maccabees 3:4, however, we have a "captain," or "governor of the Temple" of the tribe of Benjamin.

The Sadducees.--The higher members of the priesthood, Annas and Caiaphas, were themselves of this sect (Acts 5:17). They had already been foremost in urging the condemnation of Christ in the meetings of the Sanhedrin. The shame of having been put to silence by Him (Matthew 22:34) added vindictiveness to the counsels of a calculating policy. Now they found His disciples preaching the truth which they denied, and proclaiming it as attested by the resurrection of Jesus. Throughout the Acts the Sadducees are foremost as persecutors. The Pharisees temporise, like Gamaliel, or profess themselves believers. (Comp. Acts 5:34; Acts 15:5; Acts 23:7.)

Verse 1. - The captain of the temple. Only here and Acts 5:24, and Luke 22:4, 52 in the plural some have thought that the commander of the Roman garrison of the castle of Antonia is here meant. But as the scene is laid in the court of the temple, this is very improbable. Josephus ('Ant. Jud.,' 20, 6:2) speaks of an officer apparently of the temple, who was called ὁ στρατηγός, and was certainly a Jew by his name Ananus, and being, as Josephus relates farther ('Bell Jud.,' 2, 12:6), the son of the high priest Ananias. He also mentions the captain of the temple ('Bell. Jud.,' 6, 5:3) at the time of the destruction of the temple. There can be little doubt, therefore, that the captain of the temple here spoken of was a priest who had under him the Levitical guard, and whose duty it was to keep order in the temple courts in these turbulent times, lie appears from Acts 5:25, 26, Luke 22:4, 52, and the passages in Josephus, to have been an officer of high rank. And as they spake unto the people,.... For though only mention is made of Peter's preaching in the preceding chapter, yet doubtless John preached as well as he; either in turn, or to a part of the people at some distance: and this shows their diligence, faithfulness, and integrity, in the ministration of the word; and it is recorded to their honour, that whilst they were about their master's business, and discharging the duty of their office,

the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them; by agreement, with great violence, and at unawares: the "priests" might be those who kept the watch in the temple; for

"in three places the priests kept watch, in the house of the sanctuary; in the house of Abtines, in the house of Nitsots, and in the house of Moked, and the Levites in one and twenty places (p).''

And it now being eventide, they might be about to take their stands; "and the captain of the temple" might be he, whom they call, , "the man of the mountain of the house"; who was a ruler, or governor, and a president over all the wards (q); he is sometimes called , "the head of the ward" (r); and of him it is said (s),

"the man of the mountain of the house goes his round through every ward, with burning torches before him; and every ward that does not stand (is not on his feet), the man of the mountain of the house, says to him, peace be to thee; and if he observes that he is asleep, he strikes him with his staff, and he has power to burn his garments.''

The Vulgate Latin and the Oriental versions read in the plural number, as in See Gill on Luke 22:4, Luke 22:52. The Sadducees were a sect among the Jews, that denied the resurrection of the dead; of their rise, name, and tenets; see Gill on Matthew 3:7.

(p) Misn. Middot, c. 1. sect. 1.((q) Bartenora & Yom Tob in ib. sect. 2.((r) Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 6. fol. 186. 3.((s) Misn. Middot, c. 1. sect. 2.CHAPTER 4

Ac 4:1-13. Peter and John before the Samhedrim.

1-12. the captain—of the Levitical guard.

of the temple—annoyed at the disturbance created around it.

and the Sadducees—who "say that there is no resurrection" (Ac 23:8), irritated at the apostles "preaching through (rather, 'in') Jesus the resurrection from the dead"; for the resurrection of Christ, if a fact, effectually overthrew the Sadducean doctrine.4:1-4 The apostles preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead. It includes all the happiness of the future state; this they preached through Jesus Christ, to be had through him only. Miserable is their case, to whom the glory of Christ's kingdom is a grief; for since the glory of that kingdom is everlasting, their grief will be everlasting also. The harmless and useful servants of Christ, like the apostles, have often been troubled for their work of faith and labour of love, when wicked men have escaped. And to this day instances are not wanting, in which reading the Scriptures, social prayer, and religious conversation meet with frowns and checks. But if we obey the precepts of Christ, he will support us.
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