Luke 22:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus.

New Living Translation
and he went to the leading priests and captains of the Temple guard to discuss the best way to betray Jesus to them.

English Standard Version
He went away and conferred with the chief priests and officers how he might betray him to them.

Berean Study Bible
And Judas went to discuss with the chief priests and temple officers how he might betray Jesus to them.

Berean Literal Bible
And having gone away, he spoke with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray Him to them.

New American Standard Bible
And he went away and discussed with the chief priests and officers how he might betray Him to them.

King James Bible
And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He went away and discussed with the chief priests and temple police how he could hand Him over to them.

International Standard Version
So he went off and discussed with the high priests and the Temple police how he could betray Jesus to them.

NET Bible
He went away and discussed with the chief priests and officers of the temple guard how he might betray Jesus, handing him over to them.

New Heart English Bible
He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he went and spoke with the Chief Priests and the Scribes and the Commanders of the forces of The Temple so as to deliver him to them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Judas went to the chief priests and the temple guards and discussed with them how he could betray Jesus.

New American Standard 1977
And he went away and discussed with the chief priests and officers how he might betray Him to them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he went and spoke with the princes of the priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

King James 2000 Bible
And he went his way, and conferred with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

American King James Version
And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him to them.

American Standard Version
And he went away, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might deliver him unto them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he went, and discoursed with the chief priests and the magistrates, how he might betray him to them.

Darby Bible Translation
And he went away and spoke with the chief priests and captains as to how he should deliver him up to them.

English Revised Version
And he went away, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might deliver him unto them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he went, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him to them.

Weymouth New Testament
He went and conferred with the High Priests and Commanders as to how he should deliver Him up to them.

World English Bible
He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them.

Young's Literal Translation
and he, having gone away, spake with the chief priests and the magistrates, how he might deliver him up to them,
Study Bible
The Plot to Kill Jesus
3Then Satan entered Judas Iscariot, who was one of the Twelve. 4And Judas went to discuss with the chief priests and temple officers how he might betray Jesus to them. 5They were delighted and agreed to give him money.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 9:11
and Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the chief officer of the house of God;

Nehemiah 11:11
Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the leader of the house of God,

Luke 22:5
They were delighted and agreed to give him money.

Luke 22:52
Then Jesus said to the chief priests, temple officers, and elders who had come for Him, "Have you come out with swords and clubs as you would against an outlaw?

Acts 4:1
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

Acts 5:24
When the captain of the temple guard and the chief priests heard this account, they were perplexed as to what was happening.

Acts 5:26
At that point, the captain went with the officers and brought the apostles--but not by force, for fear the people would stone them.
Treasury of Scripture

And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him to them.

went.

Matthew 26:14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests,

Mark 14:10,11 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the chief priests, …

(4) Chief priests and captains.--The latter term is used by St. Luke, and by him only in the New Testament, of the officers who presided over the Levite guardians of the Temple. Here and in Luke 22:52 it is used in the plural. In Acts 4:1; Acts 5:24, we read of "the captain of the Temple," presumably the chief officer in command. Such was in earlier times Pashur, the "governor of the house of the Lord" (Jeremiah 20:1). As watchmen the Levite sentinels carried clubs, and would use them freely against any sacrilegious intruder. The attempt to seize our Lord, recorded in John 7:32, shows why Judas applied to these officers as well as to the priests.

And he went his way,.... From Christ, and the rest of the apostles, out of Bethany; and when it was night, about two miles from Jerusalem, whither he went directly:

and communed with the chief priests and captains; that is, of the temple, as in Luke 22:52 and so the Persic version reads, "the militia of the temple"; and the Syriac version renders it, "the captains of the militia of the temple"; instead of captains, the Ethiopic version, reads "Scribes", and so does the Arabic, and which, adds, "and the soldiers"; but these captains were not Roman officers, or soldiers, but ecclesiastical persons, who presided in the temple, and were heads and governors, over bodies of men employed there, of which sort were the following (i):

"there were fifteen, presidents, or governors in the sanctuary, and so they were appointed for ever over each of these fifteen things, one governor; and they are these: one was over the times, or solemn seasons; the second, over the shutting of the gates: the third, over those that kept watch; the fourth, over the singers; the fifth, over the cymbal, with the rest of the singing instruments; the sixth, over the lots; the seventh over the nests (of doves); the eighth, over the seals, or tickets; the ninth, over the drink offerings; the tenth, over the sick (priests); the eleventh, over the waters; the twelfth, over the business of the shewbread; the thirteenth, over the business of the incense; the fourteenth, over the business of the vail; and the fifteenth, over the business of the priests' garments; and every one of these governors had under him "abundance of men", that so they might prepare the business they presided over.''

These seem rather to be meant, than the watch in the temple; which, though kept in several places, there was but one single person that presided over it; as appears from the above account, and from what follows; and who was called the man of the mountain of the house, or the governor of the temple (k):

"in three places the priests kept watch in the sanctuary, in the house of Abtines, and in the house of Nitzotz, and in the house of Moked, and the Levites in twenty and one places--the man of the mountain of the house, went round every ward with torches burning before him, and every one that was not standing, he said unto him, peace be on thee; and if he found he was asleep, he struck him with his staff, and had power to burn his garments.''

Whence it does not appear to me, that there were heads or captains over every ward, as Dr. Lightfoot suggests, but one over them all; perhaps these captains may be the same with the governors of the temple, as in 1:Esdras:

And Helkias, Zacharias, and Syelus, the governors of the temple, gave to the priests for the passover two thousand and six hundred sheep, and three hundred calves. (1 Esdras 1:8)

Did very carefully oversee the holy works, assisting the ancients of the Jews and governors of the temple. (1 Esdras 7:2)

But be these who they will, Judas it seems was informed where, and upon what they were met together, and he went to them, and conversed with them:

how he might betray him unto them; in the most secret manner, and with, the least noise and disturbance.

(i) Maimon. Hilch. Cele Hamikdash, c. 7. sect. 1, 2. Misu. Shekalim, c. 5. sect. 1, 2.((k) Misn. Middot, c. 1. sect. 1, 2.22:1-6 Christ knew all men, and had wise and holy ends in taking Judas to be a disciple. How he who knew Christ so well, came to betray him, we are here told; Satan entered into Judas. It is hard to say whether more mischief is done to Christ's kingdom, by the power of its open enemies, or by the treachery of its pretended friends; but without the latter, its enemies could not do so much evil as they do.
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