Acts 23:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Paul looked straight at the Sanhedrin and said, "My brothers, I have fulfilled my duty to God in all good conscience to this day."

New Living Translation
Gazing intently at the high council, Paul began: "Brothers, I have always lived before God with a clear conscience!"

English Standard Version
And looking intently at the council, Paul said, “Brothers, I have lived my life before God in all good conscience up to this day.”

Berean Study Bible
Paul looked directly at the Sanhedrin and said, "Brothers, I have conducted myself before God in all good conscience to this day."

Berean Literal Bible
And having looked intently at the Council, Paul said, "Men, brothers, I have lived as a citizen in all good conscience to God unto this day."

New American Standard Bible
Paul, looking intently at the Council, said, "Brethren, I have lived my life with a perfectly good conscience before God up to this day."

King James Bible
And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Paul looked intently at the Sanhedrin and said, "Brothers, I have lived my life before God in all good conscience until this day."

International Standard Version
Paul looked straight at the Council and said, "Brothers, with a clear conscience I have done my duty before God up to this very day."

NET Bible
Paul looked directly at the council and said, "Brothers, I have lived my life with a clear conscience before God to this day."

New Heart English Bible
Paul, looking steadfastly at the council, said, "Brothers, I have lived before God in all good conscience until this day."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Paulus gazed at The Assembly and he said, “Men, brothers: in all good conscience I have lived before God, until today.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Paul stared at the Jewish council and said, "Brothers, my relationship with God has always given me a perfectly clear conscience."

New American Standard 1977
And Paul, looking intently at the Council, said, “Brethren, I have lived my life with a perfectly good conscience before God up to this day.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.

King James 2000 Bible
And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.

American King James Version
And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brothers, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.

American Standard Version
And Paul, looking stedfastly on the council, said, Brethren, I have lived before God in all good conscience until this day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
AND Paul looking upon the council, said: Men, brethren, I have conversed with all good conscience before God until this present day.

Darby Bible Translation
And Paul, fixing his eyes on the council, said, Brethren, I have walked in all good conscience with God unto this day.

English Revised Version
And Paul, looking stedfastly on the council, said, Brethren, I have lived before God in all good conscience until this day.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men, brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.

Weymouth New Testament
Then Paul, fixing a steady gaze on the Sanhedrin, said, "Brethren, it is with a perfectly clear conscience that I have discharged my duties before God up to this day."

World English Bible
Paul, looking steadfastly at the council, said, "Brothers, I have lived before God in all good conscience until this day."

Young's Literal Translation
And Paul having earnestly beheld the sanhedrim, said, 'Men, brethren, I in all good conscience have lived to God unto this day;'
Study Bible
Paul Before the Sanhedrin
1Paul looked directly at the Sanhedrin and said, “Brothers, I have conducted myself before God in all good conscience to this day.” 2At this, the high priest Ananias ordered those standing near Paul to strike him on the mouth.…
Cross References
Matthew 5:22
But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca,' will be subject to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be subject to the fire of hell.

Acts 22:5
as the high priest and the whole Council can testify about me. I even obtained letters from them to their brothers in Damascus, and I was on my way to apprehend these people and bring them to Jerusalem to be punished.

Acts 22:30
The next day the commander, wanting to learn the real reason Paul was accused by the Jews, released him and ordered the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin to assemble. Then he brought Paul down and had him stand before them.

Acts 23:6
Then Paul, knowing that some of them were Sadducees and others Pharisees, called out in the Sanhedrin, "Brothers, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee. It is because of my hope in the resurrection of the dead that I am on trial."

Acts 23:15
Now then, you and the Sanhedrin petition the commander to bring him down to you on the pretext of examining his case more carefully. We are ready to kill him on the way."

Acts 23:20
He answered, "The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul to the Sanhedrin tomorrow, on the pretext of acquiring more information about him.

Acts 23:28
and since I wanted to understand their charges against him, I brought him down to their Sanhedrin.

Acts 24:16
In this hope, I strive always to maintain a clear conscience before God and man.

1 Corinthians 4:4
My conscience is clear, but that does not vindicate me. It is the Lord who judges me.

2 Corinthians 1:12
And this is our boast: Our conscience testifies that we have conducted ourselves in the world, and especially in relation to you, in the holiness and sincerity that are from God--not in worldly wisdom, but in the grace of God.
Treasury of Scripture

And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brothers, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.

earnestly.

Acts 23:6 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the …

Acts 6:15 And all that sat in the council, looking steadfastly on him, saw …

Acts 22:5 As also the high priest does bear me witness, and all the estate …

Proverbs 28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursues: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

Men.

Acts 22:1 Men, brothers, and fathers, hear you my defense which I make now to you.

I have.

Acts 24:16 And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void …

1 Corinthians 4:4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but …

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in …

2 Timothy 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with pure conscience…

Hebrews 13:18 Pray for us: for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things …

1 Peter 3:16 Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as …

XXIII.

(1) And Paul, earnestly beholding the council.--We note once more the characteristic word for the eager anxious gaze with which St. Paul scanned the assembly. He had not seen it since he had stood there among Stephen's accusers, a quarter of a century ago. Many changes, of course, had come about in that interval, but some of the faces were probably the same; and at all events the general aspect of the Gazith, or Hall of Meeting, on the south side of the Temple, with its circular benches must have remained the same.

I have lived in all good conscience . . .--The verb for "I have lived" means literally, I have used my citizenship. It had ceased, however, to have this sharply defined meaning (see Note on the kindred substantive in Philippians 3:20), and had come to be used of the whole course of a man's social conduct. Perhaps My mode of life has been in all good conscience, would be the nearest English equivalent. The reference to "conscience" may be noted as eminently characteristic of St. Paul. So we find him saying of himself that he had all his life served God with "a pure conscience" (2Timothy 1:3); that a "good conscience" is the end of the commandment (1Timothy 1:5); or, again, recognising the power of conscience even among the heathen (Romans 2:15). In the phrase "I know nothing by myself," i.e., "I am conscious of no fault" (see Note on 1Corinthians 4:4), we have a like reference to its authority. Comp. also Acts 24:16; Romans 13:5; 1Corinthians 10:25. And in all these passages he assigns to conscience its true functions with an exact precision. It is not an infallible guide and requires illumination, and therefore each man needs to pray for light, but it is never right to act against its dictates, and that which is objectively the better course is subjectively the worse, unless the man in his heart believes it to be the better.

Verse 1. - Looking steadfastly on for earnestly beholding, A.V.; brethren for men and brethren, A.V.; I have lived before God, etc., for I have lived, etc., before God, A.V. Looking steadfastly; ἀτενίσας, as in Acts 1:10; Acts 3:4, 12; Acts 6:15; Acts 7:55; Acts 10:4; Acts 11:6; Acts 13:9; Acts 14:9. It governs a dative here, as in Acts 3:12; Acts 10:1; Acts 14:9; Luke 4:20; Luke 22:56; elsewhere it is followed by εἰς. Brethren. He emits here the "fathers" which he added in Acts 22:1. If there is any special significance in the omission, it may be that he meant now to assume a less apologetic tone, and to speak as an equal to equals. Howson and Lewin think that he spoke as being, or having been, himself a member of the Sanhedrim. But he may have meant merely a friendly address to his countrymen. I have lived, etc. πεπολέτευμαι τῷ Θεῷ); comp. Philippians 3:20; I have had my conversation (vitam degi) unto God, or, for God, i.e. according to the will of God, with a view to God as the end of all my actions. So Josephus ('De Maccabeis,' sect. 4) says that Antiochus Epiphanes made a law that all Jews should be put to death οἵτινες φάνριεν τῷ πατοίω νόμω πολιτευόμενοι "who were seen to live according to the Law of their fathers." And so in 2 Macc. 6:1 it is said that he sent to compel the Jews to forsake the Law of their fathers - καὶ τοῖ τοῦ Θεοῦ νόμοις μὴ πολιτεύεσθαι ( ανδ not live agreeably to the laws of God. And once more, in 3Macc. 3:3, 4 the Jews are said to fear God and to be τῷ τούτου νόμῳ πολιτευόμενοι, living according to his Law. Here, then, πολιτεύεσθι τῷ Θεῷ means to live in obedience to God. St. Paul boldly asserts his undeviating compliance with the Law of God, as a good and consistent Jew (Philippians 3:6). And Paul earnestly beholding the council,.... Fastening his eyes upon them, looking wistly and intently at them, and thereby discovering a modest cheerfulness, and a becoming boldness, confidence, and intrepidity, as being not conscious of any guilt, and well assured of the goodness of his cause:

said, men and brethren; see Acts 22:1.

I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day; not only from the time of his conversion, but throughout the whole of his life; for though, strictly speaking, there is no good conscience but what is awakened by the Spirit of God, and is unprincipled by his grace, and is purged from sin by the blood of Christ; in which sense he could only have a good conscience, since he believed in Christ; yet whereas in his state of unregeneracy, and even while he was a blasphemer, and persecutor, he did not act contrary to the dictates of his conscience, but according to them, in which his view was to the glory of God, and the honour of his law; he therefore says he lived before God, or unto God, in all good conscience, though an erroneous and mistaken one; he thought he ought to do what he did; and what he did, he did with a zeal for God though it was not according to knowledge: besides, the apostle has here respect to his outward moral conversation, which, before and after conversion, was very strict, and even blameless, at least unblemished before men; nobody could charge him with any notorious crime, though he did not live without sin in the sight of the omniscient God. CHAPTER 23

Ac 23:1-10. Paul's Defense before the Samhedrim Divides the Rival Factions, from Whose Violence the Commandant Has the Apostle Removed into the Fortress.

1. Paul, earnestly beholding the council—with a look of conscious integrity and unfaltering courage, perhaps also recognizing some of his early fellow pupils.

I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day—The word has an indirect reference to the "polity" or "commonwealth of Israel," of which he would signify that he had been, and was to that hour, an honest and God-fearing member.23:1-5 See here the character of an honest man. He sets God before him, and lives as in his sight. He makes conscience of what he says and does, and, according to the best of his knowledge, he keeps from whatever is evil, and cleaves to what is good. He is conscientious in all his words and conduct. Those who thus live before God, may, like Paul, have confidence both toward God and man. Though the answer of Paul contained a just rebuke and prediction, he seems to have been too angry at the treatment he received in uttering them. Great men may be told of their faults, and public complaints may be made in a proper manner; but the law of God requires respect for those in authority.
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Acts 22:30
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