Acts 10:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion in what was known as the Italian Regiment.

New Living Translation
In Caesarea there lived a Roman army officer named Cornelius, who was a captain of the Italian Regiment.

English Standard Version
At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion of what was known as the Italian Cohort,

New American Standard Bible
Now there was a man at Caesarea named Cornelius, a centurion of what was called the Italian cohort,

King James Bible
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
There was a man in Caesarea named Cornelius, a centurion of what was called the Italian Regiment.

International Standard Version
Now in Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion in what was known as the Italian Regiment.

NET Bible
Now there was a man in Caesarea named Cornelius, a centurion of what was known as the Italian Cohort.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But in Qesaria was a certain man, a Centurion whose name was Cornelius, from the regiment which is called Italiqa.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A man named Cornelius lived in the city of Caesarea. He was a Roman army officer in the Italian Regiment.

Jubilee Bible 2000
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the company called the Italian,

King James 2000 Bible
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,

American King James Version
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,

American Standard Version
Now there was a certain man in Caesarea, Cornelius by name, a centurion of the band called the Italian band ,

Douay-Rheims Bible
AND there was a certain man in Caesarea, named Cornelius, a centurion of that which is called the Italian band;

Darby Bible Translation
But a certain man in Caesarea, -- by name Cornelius, a centurion of the band called Italic,

English Revised Version
Now there was a certain man in Caesarea, Cornelius by name, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,

Webster's Bible Translation
There was a certain man in Cesarea, called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,

Weymouth New Testament
Now a Captain of the Italian Regiment, named Cornelius, was quartered at Caesarea.

World English Bible
Now there was a certain man in Caesarea, Cornelius by name, a centurion of what was called the Italian Regiment,

Young's Literal Translation
And there was a certain man in Caesarea, by name Cornelius, a centurion from a band called Italian,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:1-8 Hitherto none had been baptized into the Christian church but Jews, Samaritans, and those converts who had been circumcised and observed the ceremonial law; but now the Gentiles were to be called to partake all the privileges of God's people, without first becoming Jews. Pure and undefiled religion is sometimes found where we least expect it. Wherever the fear of God rules in the heart, it will appear both in works of charity and of piety, neither will excuse from the other. Doubtless Cornelius had true faith in God's word, as far as he understood it, though not as yet clear faith in Christ. This was the work of the Spirit of God, through the mediation of Jesus, even before Cornelius knew him, as is the case with us all when we, who before were dead in sin, are made alive. Through Christ also his prayers and alms were accepted, which otherwise would have been rejected. Without dispute or delay Cornelius was obedient to the heavenly vision. In the affairs of our souls, let us not lose time.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Now there was (two last words in italics) for there was (in roman), A.V. and T.R.; Cornelius by name for called Cornelius, A.V. A glance at the map will show that Caesarea (see note to Acts 9:30) was but a short distance, some thirty miles, from Joppa. It was doubtless with a view to Peter's momentous errand to Caesarea that Luke recorded his previous visit to Lydda and his residence at Joppa, consequent upon the restoring of Dorcas to life: the origines of Gentile Christianity being the prime object of the Acts (see Introduction to the Acts). The Italian band; or, cohort (σπείρα). The σπείρα, or cohort, was used in two senses. When spoken of strictly Roman troops, it meant the tenth part of a legion, and consisted of from four hundred and twenty-five to five hundred or six hundred men, according to the strength of the legion. Its commander was called a chiliarch, and it was divided into centuries, each commanded by a centurion. But when spoken of auxiliary provincial troops, it meant a regiment of about a thousand men (Josephus, 'Bell. Jud.,' 3:42). It is in this last sense probably that it is used here. Josephus, in the passage above quoted, speaks of five such auxiliary cohorts coming from Caesarea to join Vespasian's army, and he tells us in another place ('Bell. Jud.,' 2:18, 7) that the principal portion of the Roman army at Caesarea were Syrians. It is pretty certain, therefore, that the Italian cohort here spoken of were auxiliaries, so called as being made up in whole or in part of Italians, probably volunteers or velones (Farrar, vol. 1:278, note). Another reason for this conclusion is that it does not seem likely that one of the divisions of a legion should have a name (though it was very common for the legions themselves to be distinguished, in addition to their number, prima, secunda, decima, etc., by such names as Italics, Parthica, Augusta, etc.), but that separate regiments would naturally have appropriate names for the same reason that the legions had. Thus, besides the Italian cohort here named, we have the Augustan cohort in Acts 27:1. It might be important for the security of the procurator, in so turbulent a province as Judaea, to have at least one cohort of Italian soldiers at the seat of government. Renan ('Apotres,' p. 202) thinks the full name of the cohort may have been "Cohors prima Augusta Italica civium Romanorum;" and adds that there were in the whole empire not fewer than thirty-two cohorts bearing the name of Italian.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

There was a certain man in Caesarea,.... This was the Caesarea formerly called Strato's tower, not Caesarea Philippi; for the former, and not the latter, lay near Joppa:

called Cornelius; which was a Roman name, and he himself was a Roman or an Italian:

a centurion of the band called the Italian band; which consisted of soldiers collected out of Italy, from whence the band took its name, in which Cornelius was a centurion, having a hundred men under him, as the name of his office signifies.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 10

Ac 10:1-48. Accession and Baptism of Cornelius and His Party; or, The First-fruits of the Gentiles.

We here enter on an entirely new phase of the Christian Church, the "opening of the door of faith to the Gentiles"; in other words, the recognition of Gentile, on terms of perfect equality with Jewish, discipleship without the necessity of circumcision. Some beginnings appear to have been already made in this direction (see on [1981]Ac 11:20, 21); and Saul probably acted on this principle from the first, both in Arabia and in Syria and Cilicia. But had he been the prime mover in the admission of uncircumcised Gentiles into the Church, the Jewish party, who were never friendly to him, would have acquired such strength as to bring the Church to the verge of a disastrous schism. But on Peter, "the apostle" specially "of the circumcision," was conferred the honor of initiating this great movement, as before of the first admission of Jewish believers. (See on [1982]Mt 16:19). After this, however, one who had already come upon the stage was to eclipse this "chiefest of the apostles."

1, 2. Cæsarea—(See on [1983]Ac 8:40).

the Italian band—a cohort of Italians, as distinguished from native soldiers, quartered at Cæsarea, probably as a bodyguard to the Roman procurator who resided there. An ancient coin makes express mention of such a cohort in Syria. [Akerman, Numismatic Illustrations of the New Testament.]

Acts 10:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Cornelius Sends for Peter
1Now there was a man at Caesarea named Cornelius, a centurion of what was called the Italian cohort, 2a devout man and one who feared God with all his household, and gave many alms to the Jewish people and prayed to God continually.…
Cross References
Matthew 27:27
Then the governor's soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him.

Mark 15:16
The soldiers led Jesus away into the palace (that is, the Praetorium) and called together the whole company of soldiers.

John 18:3
So Judas came to the garden, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and the Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.

John 18:12
Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him

Acts 8:40
Philip, however, appeared at Azotus and traveled about, preaching the gospel in all the towns until he reached Caesarea.

Acts 10:24
The following day he arrived in Caesarea. Cornelius was expecting them and had called together his relatives and close friends.

Acts 21:31
While they were trying to kill him, news reached the commander of the Roman troops that the whole city of Jerusalem was in an uproar.

Acts 27:1
When it was decided that we would sail for Italy, Paul and some other prisoners were handed over to a centurion named Julius, who belonged to the Imperial Regiment.
Treasury of Scripture

There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,

Cir. A.M.

Acts 8:40 But Philip was found at Azotus: and passing through he preached in …

Acts 21:8 And the next day we that were of Paul's company departed, and came …

Acts 23:23,33 And he called to him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred …

Acts 25:1,13 Now when Festus was come into the province, after three days he ascended …

a centurion.

Acts 22:25 And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said to the centurion that …

Acts 27:1,31,43 And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered …

Matthew 8:5 And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came to him a centurion, …

Matthew 27:54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, …

Luke 7:2 And a certain centurion's servant, who was dear to him, was sick, …

Italian. The Italian band, or rather cohort, [speira,] (a regiment sometimes consisting of from

Acts 27:1 And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered …

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