Matthew 5:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, 'Raca,' is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.

New Living Translation
But I say, if you are even angry with someone, you are subject to judgment! If you call someone an idiot, you are in danger of being brought before the court. And if you curse someone, you are in danger of the fires of hell.

English Standard Version
But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire.

Berean Study Bible
But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca,' will be subject to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be subject to the fire of hell.

Berean Literal Bible
But I say to you that everyone being angry with his brother will be liable to the judgment, and whoever shall say to his brother 'Raca,' will be liable to the Sanhedrin. But whoever shall say, 'Fool!' will be liable to the Gehenna of fire.

New American Standard Bible
"But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court; and whoever says to his brother, 'You good-for-nothing,' shall be guilty before the supreme court; and whoever says, 'You fool,' shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell.

King James Bible
But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But I tell you, everyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. And whoever says to his brother, Fool!' will be subject to the Sanhedrin. But whoever says, You moron!' will be subject to hellfire.

International Standard Version
But I say to you, anyone who is angry with his brother without a cause will be subject to punishment. And whoever says to his brother 'Raka!' will be subject to the Council. And whoever says, 'You fool!' will be subject to hell fire.

NET Bible
But I say to you that anyone who is angry with a brother will be subjected to judgment. And whoever insults a brother will be brought before the council, and whoever says 'Fool' will be sent to fiery hell.

New Heart English Bible
But I tell you, that everyone who is angry with his brother without a cause will be in danger of the judgment; and whoever will say to his brother, 'Raqa,' will be in danger of the council; and whoever will say, 'You fool,' will be in danger of the fire of hell.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But I am saying to you, that everyone who will be angry against his brother without cause is condemned before the judge, and everyone who will say to his brother, 'I spit on you', is condemned before the assembly, and whoever will say 'You fool.' is condemned to the Gehenna of fire.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But I can guarantee that whoever is angry with another believer will answer for it in court. Whoever calls another believer an insulting name will answer for it in the highest court. Whoever calls another believer a fool will answer for it in hellfire.

New American Standard 1977
“But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court; and whoever shall say to his brother, ‘Raca,’ shall be guilty before the supreme court; and whoever shall say, ‘You fool,’ shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother out of control shall be in danger of the judgment, and whosoever shall insult his brother shall be in danger of the council, but whosoever shall say, Thou art impious, shall be in danger of hell.

King James 2000 Bible
But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, You fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

American King James Version
But I say to you, That whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whoever shall say, You fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

American Standard Version
but I say unto you, that every one who is angry with his brother shall be in danger of the judgment; and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council; and whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of the hell of fire.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But I say to you, that whosoever is angry with his brother, shall be in danger of the judgment. And whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council. And whosoever shall say, Thou Fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

Darby Bible Translation
But I say unto you, that every one that is lightly angry with his brother shall be subject to the judgment; but whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be subject to [be called before] the sanhedrim; but whosoever shall say, Fool, shall be subject to the penalty of the hell of fire.

English Revised Version
but I say unto you, that every one who is angry with his brother shall be in danger of the judgment; and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council; and whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of the hell of fire.

Webster's Bible Translation
But I say to you, That whoever is angry with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment: and whoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell-fire.

Weymouth New Testament
But I say to you that every one who becomes angry with his brother shall be answerable to the magistrate; that whoever says to his brother 'Raca,' shall be answerable to the Sanhedrin; and that whoever says, 'You fool!' shall be liable to the Gehenna of Fire.

World English Bible
But I tell you, that everyone who is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment; and whoever shall say to his brother, 'Raca!' shall be in danger of the council; and whoever shall say, 'You fool!' shall be in danger of the fire of Gehenna.

Young's Literal Translation
but I -- I say to you, that every one who is angry at his brother without cause, shall be in danger of the judgment, and whoever may say to his brother, Empty fellow! shall be in danger of the sanhedrim, and whoever may say, Rebel! shall be in danger of the gehenna of the fire.
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
5:21-26 The Jewish teachers had taught, that nothing except actual murder was forbidden by the sixth commandment. Thus they explained away its spiritual meaning. Christ showed the full meaning of this commandment; according to which we must be judged hereafter, and therefore ought to be ruled now. All rash anger is heart murder. By our brother, here, we are to understand any person, though ever so much below us, for we are all made of one blood. Raca, is a scornful word, and comes from pride: Thou fool, is a spiteful word, and comes from hatred. Malicious slanders and censures are poison that kills secretly and slowly. Christ told them that how light soever they made of these sins, they would certainly be called into judgment for them. We ought carefully to preserve Christian love and peace with all our brethren; and if at any time there is a quarrel, we should confess our fault, humble ourselves to our brother, making or offering satisfaction for wrong done in word or deed: and we should do this quickly; because, till this is done, we are unfit for communion with God in holy ordinances. And when we are preparing for any religious exercises, it is good for us to make that an occasion of serious reflection and self-examination. What is here said is very applicable to our being reconciled to God through Christ. While we are alive, we are in the way to his judgement-seat; after death, it will be too late. When we consider the importance of the case, and the uncertainty of life, how needful it is to seek peace with God, without delay!
Study Bible
Anger and Reconciliation
21You have heard that it was said to the ancients, ‘Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ 22But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, ‘Raca,’ will be subject to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be subject to the fire of hell. 23Therefore if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 16:18
"You shall appoint for yourself judges and officers in all your towns which the LORD your God is giving you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

2 Chronicles 19:5
He appointed judges in the land in all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city.

Matthew 18:9
And if your eye causes you to fall into sin, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into the fire of hell.

Matthew 26:59
The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were seeking false testimony against Jesus in order to put Him to death.

Mark 9:43
If your hand causes you to fall into sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than to have two hands and go into hell, into the unquenchable fire.

Mark 9:47
And if your eye causes you to fall into sin, pluck it out. It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into hell,

Mark 14:55
Now the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were seeking testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, but they did not find any.

Mark 15:1
Early in the morning, the chief priests, elders, scribes, and the whole Sanhedrin devised a plan. They bound Jesus, led Him away, and handed Him over to Pilate.

Luke 12:5
But I will show you whom you should fear: Fear the One who, after you have been killed, has power to throw you into hell. Yes, I tell you, fear Him!

Luke 22:66
At daybreak the council of the elders of the people, both the chief priests and scribes, met together. They led Jesus into their council and said,
Treasury of Scripture

But I say to you, That whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whoever shall say, You fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

I say.

Matthew 5:28,34,44 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her …

Matthew 3:17 And see a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom …

Matthew 17:5 While he yet spoke, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and …

Deuteronomy 18:18,19 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brothers, like to …

Acts 3:20-23 And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached to you…

Acts 7:37 This is that Moses, which said to the children of Israel, A prophet …

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation …

Hebrews 12:25 See that you refuse not him that speaks. For if they escaped not …

That.

Genesis 4:5,6 But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was …

Genesis 37:4,8 And when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all …

1 Samuel 17:27,28 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it …

1 Samuel 18:8,9 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, …

1 Samuel 20:30-33 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, …

1 Samuel 22:12 And Saul said, Hear now, you son of Ahitub. And he answered, Here I am, my lord.

1 Kings 21:4 And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the …

2 Chronicles 16:10 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; …

Esther 3:5,6 And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, …

Psalm 37:8 Cease from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not yourself in any wise to do evil.

Daniel 2:12,13 For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and commanded …

Daniel 3:13,19 Then Nebuchadnezzar in his rage and fury commanded to bring Shadrach, …

Ephesians 4:26,27 Be you angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down on your wrath…

his brother.

Matthew 5:23,24 Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember …

Matthew 18:21,35 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother …

Deuteronomy 15:11 For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command …

Nehemiah 5:8 And I said to them, We after our ability have redeemed our brothers …

Obadiah 1:10,12 For your violence against your brother Jacob shame shall cover you, …

Romans 12:10 Be kindly affectionate one to another with brotherly love; in honor …

1 Corinthians 6:6 But brother goes to law with brother, and that before the unbelievers.

1 Thessalonians 4:6 That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because …

1 John 2:9 He that said he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in darkness …

1 John 3:10,14,15 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the …

1 John 4:20,21 If a man say, I love God, and hates his brother, he is a liar: for …

1 John 5:16 If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not to death, he shall …

without.

Psalm 7:4 If I have rewarded evil to him that was at peace with me; (yes, I …

Psalm 25:3 Yes, let none that wait on you be ashamed: let them be ashamed which …

Psalm 35:19 Let not them that are my enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: neither …

Psalm 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of my head: …

Psalm 109:3 They compassed me about also with words of hatred; and fought against …

Lamentations 3:52 My enemies chased me sore, like a bird, without cause.

John 15:25 But this comes to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is …

be.

Matthew 5:21 You have heard that it was said of them of old time, You shall not …

the judgment. An inferior court of judicature, in every city, consisting of

Whosoever.

Matthew 11:18,19 For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, He has a devil…

Matthew 12:24 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow does not …

1 Samuel 20:30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, …

2 Samuel 16:7 And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, you bloody …

John 7:20 The people answered and said, You have a devil: who goes about to kill you?

John 8:48 Then answered the Jews, and said to him, Say we not well that you …

Acts 17:18 Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, …

1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortionists, …

Ephesians 4:31,32 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil speaking, …

Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, showing all …

1 Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he …

1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise …

Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed …

Raca. that is, vain fellow.

2 Samuel 6:20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter …

James 2:20 But will you know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?

the council. The Sanhedrin, [sunedrion,] composed of

Matthew 10:17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, …

Matthew 26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false …

Mark 14:55 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against …

Mark 15:1 And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation …

John 11:47 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and …

Acts 5:27 And when they had brought them, they set them before the council: …

fool.

Psalm 14:1 The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, …

Psalm 49:10 For he sees that wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish …

Psalm 92:6 A brutish man knows not; neither does a fool understand this.

Proverbs 14:16 A wise man fears, and departs from evil: but the fool rages, and is confident.

Proverbs 18:6 A fool's lips enter into contention, and his mouth calls for strokes.

Jeremiah 17:11 As the partridge sits on eggs, and hatches them not; so he that gets …

hell.

Matthew 5:29,30 And if your right eye offend you, pluck it out, and cast it from you…

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul…

Matthew 18:8,9 Why if your hand or your foot offend you, cut them off, and cast …

Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, …

Mark 9:47 And if your eye offend you, pluck it out: it is better for you to …

Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom you shall fear: Fear him, which after …

Luke 16:23,24 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and sees Abraham …

Revelation 20:14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

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Alphabetical: Again and angry answerable anyone be before brother But court danger enough everyone fiery fire fool go good-for-nothing guilty hell his I in into is judgment of Raca Sanhedrin say says shall subject supreme tell that the to who whoever will with you

NT Gospels: Matthew 5:22 But I tell you that everyone who (Matt. Mat Mt) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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