Matthew 5
International Standard Version

Jesus Teaches about the Kingdom

1When Jesusa saw the crowds, he went up on the hill. After taking his seat, his disciples came to him, 2and he beganb to teach them:

The Blessed Attitudes

(Luke 6:20-23)

3“How blessed are those who are destitute in spirit,

because the kingdom fromc heaven belongs to them!

4“How blessed are those who mourn,

because it is they who will be comforted!

5“How blessed are those who are humble,d

because it is they who will inherit the earth!

6“How blessed are those who are hungry and thirsty for righteousness,e

because it is they who will be satisfied!

7“How blessed are those who are merciful,

because it is they who will receive mercy!

8“How blessed are those who are pure in heart,

because it is they who will see God!

9“How blessed are those who make peace,

because it is they who will be called God’s children!

10“How blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake,

because the kingdom fromf heaven belongs to them!

11“How blessed are you whenever peopleg insult you, persecute you, and say all sorts of evil things against you falselyh because of me! 12Rejoice and be extremely glad, because your reward in heaven is great! That’s how they persecuted the prophets who came before you.”

Salt and Light in the World

(Mark 9:50; Luke 14:34-35)

13“You are the salt of the world. But if the salt should lose its taste, how can it be made salty again? It’s good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled on by people.

14“You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill can’t be hidden. 15Peoplei don’t light a lamp and put it under a basket but on a lamp stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. 16In the same way, let your light shine before people in such a way that they will see your good actions and glorify your Father in heaven.”

Jesus Fulfills the Law and the Prophets

17“Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I didn’t come to destroy them, but to fulfill them, 18because I tell all of youj with certainty that until heaven and earth disappear, not one letterk or one stroke of a letter will disappear from the Law until everything has been accomplished. 19So whoever sets asidel one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom fromm heaven. But whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom fromn heaven 20because I tell you, unless your righteousness greatly exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom fromo heaven!”

Teaching about Anger

21“You have heard that it was told those who lived long ago, ‘You are not to commit murder,’p and, ‘Whoever murders will be subject to punishment.’q 22But I say to you, anyone who is angry with his brother without a causer will be subject to punishment. And whoever says to his brother ‘Raka!’s will be subject to the Council.t And whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be subject to hellu fire.

23“So if you are presenting your gift at the altar and remember there that your brother has something against you, 24leave your gift there before the altar and first go and be reconciled to your brother. Then come and offer your gift. 25Come to terms quickly with your opponent while you are on the way to court,v or your opponent may hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you will be thrown into prison. 26I tell youw with certainty, you will not get out of there until you pay back the last dollar!”x

Teaching about Adultery

27“You have heard that it was said, ‘You are not to commit adultery.’y 28But I say to you, anyone who stares at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29So if your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one of your body parts than to have your whole body thrown into hell.z 30And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away from you. It is better for you to lose one of your body parts than to have your whole body go into hell.”aa

Teaching about Divorce

(Matthew 19:1-12; Mark 10:1-12; Luke 16:18)

31“It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife must give her a written notice of divorce.’bb 32But I say to you, any man who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, causes her to commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.”

Teaching about Oaths

33“Again, you have heard that it was told those who lived long ago, ‘You must not swear an oath falsely,’ but, ‘You must fulfill your oaths to the Lord.’cc 34But I tell you not to swear at all, neither by heaven, because it is God’s throne, 35nor by the earth, because it is his footstool, nor by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the Great King. 36Nor should you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. 37Instead, let your message be ‘Yes’ for ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ for ‘No.’ Anything more than that comes from the evil one.”

Teaching about Retaliation

(Luke 6:29-30)

38“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’dd 39But I tell you not to resist an evildoer. On the contrary, whoever slaps you on the right cheek, turn the other to him as well. 40If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, let him have your coat as well. 41And if anyone forces you to go one mile,ee go two with him. 42Give to the person who asks you for something, and do not turn away from the person who wants to borrow something from you.”

Teaching about Love for Enemies

(Luke 6:27-28, 32-36)

43“You have heard that it was said, ‘You must love your neighbor’ff and hate your enemy. 44But I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you, 45so that you will become children of your Father in heaven, because he makes his sun rise on both evil and good people, and he lets rain fall on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46If you love those who love you, what reward will you have? Even the tax collectors do the same, don’t they? 47And if you greet only your relatives, that’s no great thing you’re doing, is it? Even the unbelieversgg do the same, don’t they? 48So be perfect,hh as your heavenly Father is perfect.”ii


Footnotes:
a 5:1 Lit. he
b 5:2 Lit. he opened his mouth and began
c 5:3 Lit. of
d 5:5 Or gentle
e 5:6 Or justice
f 5:10 Lit. of
g 5:11 Lit. they
h 5:11 Other mss. lack falsely
i 5:15 Lit. They
j 5:18 The Gk. pronoun you is pl.
k 5:18 Lit. one iota
l 5:19 Or breaks
m 5:19 Lit. of
n 5:19 Lit. of
o 5:20 Lit. of
p 5:21 Cf. Exod 20:13; Deut 5:17
q 5:21 Cf. Exod 21:12; Lev 24:17
r 5:22 Other mss. lack without a cause
s 5:22Raka is Aram. for You worthless one
t 5:22 Or Sanhedrin
u 5:22 Lit. Gehenna; a Gk. transliteration of the Heb. for Valley of Hinnom
v 5:25 Lit. while you are with him on the way
w 5:26 The Gk. pronoun you is sing.
x 5:26 Lit. quadran; i.e. about 1/64 of a daily wage for a common worker
y 5:27 Cf. Exod 20:14; Deut 5:18
z 5:29 Lit. Gehenna; a Gk. transliteration of the Heb. for Valley of Hinnom
aa 5:30 Lit. Gehenna; a Gk. transliteration of the Heb. for Valley of Hinnom
bb 5:31 Cf. Deut 24:1, 3
cc 5:33 Cf. Lev 19:12; Num 30:2; Deut 23:21-23
dd 5:38 Cf. Exod 21:24; Lev 24:20; Deut 19:21
ee 5:41 A Roman milion (mile) consisted of 1,000 paces, or about 1,611 yards
ff 5:43 Cf. Lev 19:18
gg 5:47 Lit. to the gentiles ; i.e. unbelieving non-Jews; other mss. read the tax collectors
hh 5:48 Or mature
ii 5:48 Or mature



The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
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