Matthew 5:35
Parallel Verses
New International Version
or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King.

New Living Translation
And do not say, 'By the earth!' because the earth is his footstool. And do not say, 'By Jerusalem!' for Jerusalem is the city of the great King.

English Standard Version
or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

New American Standard Bible
or by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING.

King James Bible
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
or by the earth, because it is His footstool; or by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King.

International Standard Version
nor by the earth, because it is his footstool, nor by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the Great King.

NET Bible
not by earth, because it is his footstool, and not by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Neither by the earth, for it is his stool for his feet, nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
or by the earth, which is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, which is the city of the great King.

Jubilee Bible 2000
nor by the earth, for it is his footstool, neither by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

King James 2000 Bible
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

American King James Version
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

American Standard Version
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Nor by the earth, for it is his footstool: nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king:

Darby Bible Translation
nor by the earth, because it is [the] footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, because it is [the] city of the great King.

English Revised Version
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Webster's Bible Translation
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King,

Weymouth New Testament
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool under His feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the City of the Great King.

World English Bible
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Young's Literal Translation
nor by the earth, because it is His footstool, nor by Jerusalem, because it is a city of a great king,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:33-37 There is no reason to consider that solemn oaths in a court of justice, or on other proper occasions, are wrong, provided they are taken with due reverence. But all oaths taken without necessity, or in common conversation, must be sinful, as well as all those expressions which are appeals to God, though persons think thereby to evade the guilt of swearing. The worse men are, the less they are bound by oaths; the better they are, the less there is need for them. Our Lord does not enjoin the precise terms wherein we are to affirm or deny, but such a constant regard to truth as would render oaths unnecessary.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 35. - Nor by Jerusalem. The Hebraistic ἐν is here exchanged for the less unclassical εἰς, the reason, perhaps, being that definite direction of one's thought towards Jerusalem was, as it seems, insisted upon by some. "Rabbi Judah saith, He that saith, By Jerusalem, saith nothing, unless with an intent purpose he shall vow towards Jerusalem" (Tosipht., 'Ned.,' 1, in Lightfoot,' Her Hebr.'). So Revised Version margin, toward. For it is the city, etc. (Psalm 48:2).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Nor by the earth, for it is his footstool,.... That the Jews were wont to swear by the earth, is clear from the above mentioned instances; and is condemned by Christ for this reason, because the earth is God's "footstool", referring, as before, to Isaiah 66:1 on which he treads; and where he also manifests forth his glory, and is a considerable part of the work of his hands.

Neither by Jerusalem, which the Jews used to swear by: such forms of vows as these are to be met with in their writings (q);

"as the altar, as the temple, "as Jerusalem";''

that is, by Jerusalem, I vow I will do this, or the other thing.

"R. Judah says, he that says Jerusalem (i.e. as Bartenora observes (r), without the note of comparison, as) says nothing.''

In the Gemara (s) it is,

"he that says as Jerusalem, does not say anything, till he has made his vow concerning a thing, which is offered up in Jerusalem.''

Dr. Lightfoot (t) has produced forms of vowing and swearing, which have not occurred to me.

"Jerusalem; "for", or "unto Jerusalem", which exactly answers to , here; and "by Jerusalem";''

The reason given for prohibiting this kind of oath, is;

for it is the city of the great king: not of David, but of the King of kings, the Lord of hosts; who had his residence, and his worship, here; see Psalm 48:2.

(q) Misn. Nedarim, c. 1. sect. 3.((r) In. ib. (s) T. Bab. Nedarim, fol. 11. 1.((t) In loc. ex Tosapht. in Nedarim, c. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

35. Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool—(quoting Isa 66:1);

neither by Jerusalem for it is the city of the great King—(quoting Ps 48:2).

Matthew 5:35 Additional Commentaries
Context
Vows
34"But I say to you, make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God, 35or by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING. 36"Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.…
Cross References
Psalm 48:2
Beautiful in its loftiness, the joy of the whole earth, like the heights of Zaphon is Mount Zion, the city of the Great King.

Isaiah 66:1
This is what the LORD says: "Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. Where is the house you will build for me? Where will my resting place be?

Matthew 5:36
And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black.

Acts 7:49
"'Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. What kind of house will you build for me? says the Lord. Or where will my resting place be?
Treasury of Scripture

Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

the earth.

Psalm 99:5 Exalt you the LORD our God, and worship at his footstool; for he is holy.

the city.

2 Chronicles 6:6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have …

Psalm 48:2 Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, …

Psalm 87:2 The LORD loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob.

Malachi 1:14 But cursed be the deceiver, which has in his flock a male, and vows, …

Revelation 21:2,10 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God …

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