Hierosoluma: Jerusalem, the capital of united Isr. and JudahOriginal Word: Ἱεροσόλυμα, ατος, τά, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine; Noun, Neuter
Phonetic Spelling: (hee-er-os-ol'-oo-mah)
Short Definition: Jerusalem
Definition: the Greek form of the Hebrew name: Jerusalem.
Cognate: 2414 Hierosólyma (a neuter noun, occurring about 60 times) – properly, "dwelling of peace," referring to the city of Jerusalem (see also OT 3389/Yerúshálayim). See 2419 (Hierousalm, the feminine noun-form).
[OT Hebrew uses only one gender (term) for "Jerusalem" (OT 3389/Yerúshalayim).]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
of Hebrew origin Yerushalaim
Jerusalem, the capital of united Isr. and Judah
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 2414: Ἱεροσόλυμα
Ἱεροσόλυμα (WH Ιεροσόλυμα, see their Introductory § 408), Ἱεροσολύμων, τά (the invariable form in Mark and John, almost everywhere in Matt. and Josephus (c. Apion 1, 22, 13, etc.; Philo, leg. ad Gaium § 36; (cf. Polybius 16, 39, 4); others)), and Ἱερουσαλήμ (WH Ἰερουσαλήμ (see reference as above)), ἡ, indeclinable (the invariable form in the Sept. (Joshua 10:1, etc.; Philo de somn. 2:39 at the beginning; so Aristotle, in Josephus, contra Apion 1, 22, 7 (where see Müller)); in the N. T. where a certain sacred emphasis, so to speak, resides in the very name, as Galatians 4:25f (see Lightfoot at the passage); Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 3:12; Revelation 21:2, 10; thus in direct address: Matthew 23:37; Luke 13:34; both forms are used promiscuously (yet with a marked preference for the indeclinable form) in the O. T. Apocrypha, and in the writings of Luke and of Paul; (cf. Tdf. Proleg., p. 119; WH's Appendix, p. 160). Whether there is also a third and unusual form Ἱεροσόλυμα, ἱεροσολυμης, ἡ, in Matthew 2:3; Matthew 3:5, is extremely doubtful; for in the phrase ἐξεπορεύετο ... Ἱεροσόλυμα, Matthew 3:5, the noun can be taken as a neuter plural with a singular verb, cf. Winer's Grammar, § 58, 3 a.; and in the former passage, Matthew 2:3, the unusual coupling of the feminine πᾶσα with the neuter plural Ἱεροσόλυμα is easily explained by the supposition that the appellative idea, ἡ πόλις, was in the writer's mind; see Fritzsche and Bleek at the passage; cf. Buttmann, 18 (16); (yet see Pape, Eigennamen, under the word). Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלִַם and יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, Chaldean יְרוּשְׁלֶם, Syriac mLSrw) [
2. ἡ νῦν Ἱερουσαλήμ (the Jerusalem that now is), with its present religious institutions, i. e. the Mosaic system, so designated from its primary external location, Galatians 4:25, with which is contrasted ἡ ἄνω Ἱερουσαλήμ (after the rabbinical phrase מעלה שׁל ירושׁלים, Jerusalem that is above, i. e. existing in heaven, according to the pattern of which the earthly Jerusalem מטה שׁל ירושׁלים was supposed to be built (cf. Schöttgen, Horae Hebrew i., 1207ff)), i. e. metaphorically, the City of God founded by Christ, now wearing the form of the church, but after Christ's return to put on the form of the perfected Messianic kingdom, Galatians 4:26; Ἱερουσαλήμ ἐπουράνιος, the heavenly Jerusalem, i. e. the heavenly abode of God, Christ, the angels, beatified men (as well the saints of the O. T. as Christians), and as citizens of which true Christians are to be regarded while still living on earth, Hebrews 12:22; ἡ καινή Ἱερουσαλήμ in the visions of John 'the Revelator,' the new Jerusalem, a splendid visible city to be let down from heaven after the renovation of the world, the future abode of the blessed: Revelation 3:12; Revelation 21:2, 10.
Strong's Exhaustive ConcordanceJerusalem.
see GREEK Hierousalem
see HEBREW Yruwshalaim
Forms and TransliterationsΙεροσολυμα Ἰεροσόλυμα Ἱεροσόλυμα Ιεροσολυμοις Ἰεροσολύμοις Ἱεροσολύμοις Ιεροσολυμων Ἰεροσολύμων Ἱεροσολύμων Ἰερουσαλὴμ Ierosoluma Ierosolumois Ierosolumon Ierosolumōn Ierosolyma Ierosólyma Ierosolymois Ierosolýmois Ierosolymon Ierosolymōn Ierosolýmon Ierosolýmōn Ierousalem Ierousalēm Ierousalḕm
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Englishman's ConcordanceStrong's Greek 2414
Ἰεροσόλυμα — 38 Occ.
Ἰεροσολύμων — 11 Occ.
Ἰεροσολύμοις — 14 Occ.
Matthew 2:1 N-AFS
GRK: παρεγένοντο εἰς Ἰεροσόλυμα
NAS: arrived in Jerusalem, saying,
KJV: the east to Jerusalem,
INT: arrived at Jerusalem