Matthew 5:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"It has been said, 'Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.'

New Living Translation
"You have heard the law that says, 'A man can divorce his wife by merely giving her a written notice of divorce.'

English Standard Version
“It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.’

New American Standard Bible
"It was said, 'WHOEVER SENDS HIS WIFE AWAY, LET HIM GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE';

King James Bible
It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"It was also said, Whoever divorces his wife must give her a written notice of divorce.

International Standard Version
"It was also said, 'Whoever divorces his wife must give her a written notice of divorce.'

NET Bible
"It was said, 'Whoever divorces his wife must give her a legal document.'

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
It has been said, “Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a writing of divorce.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"It has also been said, 'Whoever divorces his wife must give her a written notice.'

Jubilee Bible 2000
It was also said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a bill of divorce;

King James 2000 Bible
It has been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:

American King James Version
It has been said, Whoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorce:

American Standard Version
It was said also, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it hath been said, Whoseoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a bill of divorce.

Darby Bible Translation
It has been said too, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a letter of divorce.

English Revised Version
It was said also, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:

Webster's Bible Translation
It hath been said, Whoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:

Weymouth New Testament
"It was also said, 'If any man puts away his wife, let him give her a written notice of divorce.'

World English Bible
"It was also said, 'Whoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorce,'

Young's Literal Translation
'And it was said, That whoever may put away his wife, let him give to her a writing of divorce;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:27-32 Victory over the desires of the heart, must be attended with painful exertions. But it must be done. Every thing is bestowed to save us from our sins, not in them. All our senses and powers must be kept from those things which lead to transgression. Those who lead others into temptation to sin, by dress or in other ways, or leave them in it, or expose them to it, make themselves guilty of their sin, and will be accountable for it. If painful operations are submitted to, that our lives may be saved, what ought our minds to shrink from, when the salvation of our souls is concerned? There is tender mercy under all the Divine requirements, and the grace and consolations of the Spirit will enable us to attend to them.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 31, 32. - Divorce. Verse 31. - Here only. It hath been said (ἐῥῤέθη δέ). This is the only one of the six examples to which our Lord does not prefix "ye have heard," and inserts δέ. Hence Lightfoot ('Hor. Hebr.') writes, "This particle hath this emphasis in this place, that it whispers a silent objection, which is answered in the following verse," i.e. Christ had said even a sinful look is too much; the lawyers said, "But the Law allows divorce, and therefore a married man can after all obtain the woman he desires." But this is strained. The shorter expression is here sufficient, because of the close connexion of this subject with the preceding. Hence, Revised Version, better, it was said also. It is, by the by, curious that the translators of the Authorized Version should have altered the rendering of ἐῥῤέθη, which they had given rightly in vers. 21, 27, and should have preferred the perfect here and in vers 33, 38, 43. Whosoever shall put away, etc. The substance of Deuteronomy 24:1, but leaving out all mention of cause for such putting away. This may be perhaps because our Lord is going to refer to this immediately, or because, in fact, the giving "a writing of divorcement" was now considered as alone of importance. Let him give her; Hebrew, into her hand; i.e. into her own possession (cf. Isaiah 1:1; Jeremiah 3:8). A writing of divorcement. See the translation of such a get in Lightfoot ('Hor. Hebr.').

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

It hath been said,.... It is not added here, as in the former instances, "by them of old time"; nor prefaced with these words, "ye have heard"; because the case of divorce was not any law of Moses, or of God by him; but only a permission, because of the hardness of the hearts of the Jews: and as to the controversy, about the causes of divorce, this was not debated by them of old time, but was a new thing, just started in the time of Christ; and was a controversy then agitating, between the schools of Hillell and Shammai: the one allowing it upon any frivolous cause; the other, only on account of adultery.

Whosoever shall put away his wife, dissolve the marriage bond, dismiss her from his bed, and send her from his house, see Deuteronomy 24:1 "let him give her a writing of divorcement", , "a bill of divorcement", or "a book of cutting off". For though a wife was obtained by several ways, there was but one way of dismissing her, as the Jews observe (f), and that was, by giving her a bill. The form of a writing of divorcement, as given by Maimonides (g), is as follows:

"On such a day of the week, in such a month, of such a year, either from the creation, or the epocha of contracts, according to the usual way of computation, which we observe in such a place; I such an one, the son of such an one, of such a place; or if I have any other name, or surname, or my parents, or my place, or the place of my parents; by my own will, without any force, I put away, dismiss, and divorce thee. Thee, I say, who art such an one, the daughter of such an one, of such a place; or if thou hast any other name, or surname, or thy parents, or thy place, or the place of thy parents; who wast my wife heretofore, but now I put thee away, dismiss and divorce thee; so that thou art in thine own hand, and hast power over thyself, to go, and marry any other man, whom thou pleasest; and let no man hinder thee in my name, from this day forward and for ever; and lo! thou art free to any man: and let this be unto thee, from me, a bill of divorce, an instrument of dismission, and a letter of forsaking, according to the law of Moses and Israel.''

"Such an one, the son of such an one, witness. Such an one, the son of such an one, witness.''

Would you choose to have one of these bills, filled up in proper form, take it in manner (h) following.

"On the fourth day of the week, on the eleventh day of the month Cisleu, in the year five thousand four hundred and fifty four, from the creation of the world; according to the computation which we follow here, in the city of Amsterdam, which is called Amstelredam; situated by the sea side, called Taya, and by the river Amstel; I Abraham, the son of Benjamin, surnamed Wolphius, the priest; and at this time dwelling in the city of Amsterdam, which is called Amstelredam, which is situated by the sea side, called Taya, and by the river Amstel; or if I have any other name, or surname, or my parents, or my place, or the place of my parents; by my own free will, without any compulsion, I put away, dismiss, and divorce thee, my wife Rebecca, the daughter of Jonas the Levite; who at this time abides in the city of Amsterdam, called Amstelredam, situated by the sea side, called Taya, and by the river Amstel; or if thou hast any other name, or surname, or thy parents, or thy place, or the place of thy parents, who wast heretofore my wife; but now I put thee away, dismiss, and divorce thee; so that thou art in thine own hands, and hast power over thyself, to go and marry any other man, whom thou pleasest: and let no man hinder thee in my name, from this day forward, and for ever; and lo! thou art free to any man. Let this be to thee, from me, a bill of divorce, an instrument of dismission, and a letter of forsaking, according to the law of Moses and Israel.''

"Sealtiel, the son of Paltiel, witness. Calonymus, the son of Gabriel, witness.''

This bill being written in twelve lines, neither more nor less, and being sealed by the husband, and signed by the witnesses, was delivered, either by him, or by a messenger, or deputy of his or hers, into her hand, lap, or bosom, in the presence of two persons; after which, she might, if she would, enrol it in the public records, and marry whom she pleased.

(f) Baal Hatturim in Deuteronomy 24.1. Maimon. Hilchot Ishot, c. 1. sect. 2, 3.((g) Hilchot Gerushin, c. 4. sect. 12. (h) In Surenhusii Misna, Vol. III. p. 324. Vid. Moses Kotsensis Mitzvot Tora pr. affirm. 50.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. It hath been said—This shortened form was perhaps intentional, to mark a transition from the commandments of the Decalogue to a civil enactment on the subject of divorce, quoted from De 24:1. The law of divorce—according to its strictness or laxity—has so intimate a bearing upon purity in the married life, that nothing could be more natural than to pass from the seventh commandment to the loose views on that subject then current.

Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement—a legal check upon reckless and tyrannical separation. The one legitimate ground of divorce allowed by the enactment just quoted was "some uncleanness"—in other words, conjugal infidelity. But while one school of interpreters (that of Shammai) explained this quite correctly, as prohibiting divorce in every case save that of adultery, another school (that of Hillel) stretched the expression so far as to include everything in the wife offensive or disagreeable to the husband—a view of the law too well fitted to minister to caprice and depraved inclination not to find extensive favor. And, indeed, to this day the Jews allow divorces on the most frivolous pretexts. It was to meet this that our Lord uttered what follows:

Matthew 5:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
Divorce
31"It was said, 'WHOEVER SENDS HIS WIFE AWAY, LET HIM GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE'; 32but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.
Cross References
Deuteronomy 24:1
If a man marries a woman who becomes displeasing to him because he finds something indecent about her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house,

Deuteronomy 24:3
and her second husband dislikes her and writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house, or if he dies,

Jeremiah 3:1
"If a man divorces his wife and she leaves him and marries another man, should he return to her again? Would not the land be completely defiled? But you have lived as a prostitute with many lovers-- would you now return to me?" declares the LORD.

Malachi 2:16
"The man who hates and divorces his wife," says the LORD, the God of Israel, "does violence to the one he should protect," says the LORD Almighty. So be on your guard, and do not be unfaithful.

Matthew 19:3
Some Pharisees came to him to test him. They asked, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason?"

Matthew 19:7
"Why then," they asked, "did Moses command that a man give his wife a certificate of divorce and send her away?"

Mark 10:4
They said, "Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away."
Treasury of Scripture

It has been said, Whoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorce:

whosoever.

Matthew 19:3,7 The Pharisees also came to him, tempting him, and saying to him, …

Deuteronomy 24:1-4 When a man has taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass …

Jeremiah 3:1 They say, If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become …

Mark 10:2-9 And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a …

Jump to Previous
Certificate Divorce Divorcement Divorces Notice Purpose Puts Sends Statement Wife Writing Written
Jump to Next
Certificate Divorce Divorcement Divorces Notice Purpose Puts Sends Statement Wife Writing Written
Links
Matthew 5:31 NIV
Matthew 5:31 NLT
Matthew 5:31 ESV
Matthew 5:31 NASB
Matthew 5:31 KJV

Matthew 5:31 Bible Apps
Matthew 5:31 Bible Suite
Matthew 5:31 Biblia Paralela
Matthew 5:31 Chinese Bible
Matthew 5:31 French Bible
Matthew 5:31 German Bible

Alphabetical: a Anyone away been certificate divorce' divorces give has her him his It let must of said sends was who Whoever wife

NT Gospels: Matthew 5:31 It was also said 'Whoever shall put (Matt. Mat Mt) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Matthew 5:30
Top of Page
Top of Page