Matthew 19:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Why then," they asked, "did Moses command that a man give his wife a certificate of divorce and send her away?"

New Living Translation
"Then why did Moses say in the law that a man could give his wife a written notice of divorce and send her away?" they asked.

English Standard Version
They said to him, “Why then did Moses command one to give a certificate of divorce and to send her away?”

New American Standard Bible
They said to Him, "Why then did Moses command to GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE AND SEND her AWAY?"

King James Bible
They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why then," they asked Him, "did Moses command us to give divorce papers and to send her away?"

International Standard Version
They asked him, "Why, then, did Moses order us 'to give a certificate of divorce and divorce her'?"

NET Bible
They said to him, "Why then did Moses command us to give a certificate of dismissal and to divorce her?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They were saying to him, “Why therefore did Moses command to give a writing of divorce and to send her away?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Pharisees asked him, "Why, then, did Moses order a man to give his wife a written notice to divorce her?"

Jubilee Bible 2000
They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a bill of divorce and to put her away?

King James 2000 Bible
They said unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away?

American King James Version
They say to him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorce, and to put her away?

American Standard Version
They say unto him, Why then did Moses command to give a bill of divorcement, and to put her away?

Douay-Rheims Bible
They say to him: Why then did Moses command to give a bill of divorce, and to put away?

Darby Bible Translation
They say to him, Why then did Moses command to give a letter of divorce and to send [her] away?

English Revised Version
They say unto him, Why then did Moses command to give a bill of divorcement, and to put her away?

Webster's Bible Translation
They say to him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away?

Weymouth New Testament
"Why then," said they, "did Moses command the husband to give her 'a written notice of divorce,' and so put her away?"

World English Bible
They asked him, "Why then did Moses command us to give her a bill of divorce, and divorce her?"

Young's Literal Translation
They say to him, 'Why then did Moses command to give a roll of divorce, and to put her away?'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:3-12 The Pharisees were desirous of drawing something from Jesus which they might represent as contrary to the law of Moses. Cases about marriage have been numerous, and sometimes perplexed; made so, not by the law of God, but by the lusts and follies of men; and often people fix what they will do, before they ask for advice. Jesus replied by asking whether they had not read the account of the creation, and the first example of marriage; thus pointing out that every departure therefrom was wrong. That condition is best for us, and to be chosen and kept to accordingly, which is best for our souls, and tends most to prepare us for, and preserve us to, the kingdom of heaven. When the gospel is really embraced, it makes men kind relatives and faithful friends; it teaches them to bear the burdens, and to bear with the infirmities of those with whom they are connected, to consider their peace and happiness more than their own. As to ungodly persons, it is proper that they should be restrained by laws, from breaking the peace of society. And we learn that the married state should be entered upon with great seriousness and earnest prayer.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 7. - Why did Moses then command? If, as you assert, God ordained that marriage should be indissoluble, how comes it that Moses commanded (ἐνετείλατο) us to practise divorce, and prescribed rules as to its conduct? They are referring to Deuteronomy 24:1, 2. Jesus had escaped the trap which was laid for him, and foiled them by the very words of Scripture and the plain intention of the first institution. But they see their way to opposing the authority of the great lawgiver to the dictum and interpretation of this new Teacher. It cannot be supposed, they argue, that Moses would enjoin a practice condemned by the Word of God; therefore, if you abide by your exposition, you contradict Moses. A writing of divorcement. The man who desired to divorce his wife could not effect this separation by mere word of mouth or by violent ejectment; he must have a written document formally prepared and witnessed, necessitating certain delay and publicity. In regulating the method of divorce and giving rules which prevented it from being undertaken rashly and lightly, Moses could not justly be said to have commanded it. There were also two cases in which he absolutely forbade divorce (see Deuteronomy 22:13-19; Deuteronomy 22:28, 29).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

They say unto him,.... That is the Pharisees, who object the law of Moses to him, hoping hereby to ensnare him, and expose him to the resentment of the people, should he reject that, as they supposed he would;

why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and put her away? referring to Deuteronomy 24:1 which they thought to be a contradiction, and what they knew not how to reconcile to the doctrine Christ had delivered, concerning the original institution of marriage, and the close union there is between a man and his wife, by virtue of it, and which is not to be dissolved by men. Concerning a writing of divorcement and the form, and manner of it; see Gill on Matthew 5:31

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

7. They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away?

Matthew 19:7 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesus' Teaching about Divorce
6"So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate." 7They said to Him, "Why then did Moses command to GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE AND SEND her AWAY?" 8He said to them, "Because of your hardness of heart Moses permitted you to divorce your wives; but from the beginning it has not been this way.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 24:1
If a man marries a woman who becomes displeasing to him because he finds something indecent about her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house,

Matthew 5:31
"It has been said, 'Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.'

Matthew 19:6
So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate."

Matthew 19:8
Jesus replied, "Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard. But it was not this way from the beginning.
Treasury of Scripture

They say to him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorce, and to put her away?

Why.

Matthew 5:31 It has been said, Whoever shall put away his wife, let him give her …

Deuteronomy 24:1-4 When a man has taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass …

Isaiah 50:1 Thus said the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorce, whom …

Jeremiah 3:8 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed …

Mark 10:4 And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.

and to.

Matthew 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make …

Malachi 2:16 For the LORD, the God of Israel, said that he hates putting away: …

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