Exodus 22:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Do not take advantage of the widow or the fatherless.

New Living Translation
"You must not exploit a widow or an orphan.

English Standard Version
You shall not mistreat any widow or fatherless child.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not afflict any widow or orphan.

King James Bible
Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not mistreat any widow or fatherless child.

International Standard Version
"You are not to mistreat any widow or orphan.

NET Bible
"You must not afflict any widow or orphan.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never take advantage of any widow or orphan.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ye shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

American King James Version
You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

American Standard Version
Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

Douay-Rheims Bible
You shall not hurt a widow or an orphan.

Darby Bible Translation
Ye shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child.

English Revised Version
Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

World English Bible
"You shall not take advantage of any widow or fatherless child.

Young's Literal Translation
'Any widow or orphan ye do not afflict;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 22-24. - Law against oppressing widows and orphans. With the stranger are naturally placed the widow and orphan; like him, weak and defenceless; like him, special objects of God's care. The negative precept here given was followed up by numerous positive enactments in favour of the widow and the orphan, which much ameliorated their sad lot. (See Exodus 23:11; Leviticus 19:9, 10; Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 16:11, 14; Deuteronomy 24:19-21; Deuteronomy 26:12, 13.) On the whole, these laws appear to have been fairly well observed by the Israelites; but there were times when, in spite of them, poor widows suffered much oppression. (See Psalm 94:6; Isaiah 1:23; Isaiah 10:2; Jeremiah 7:3-6; Jeremiah 22:3; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5; Matthew 23:14.) The prophets denounce this backsliding in the strongest terms. Verse 22. - Ye shall not afflict. The word translated "afflict" is of wide signification. including ill-usage of all kinds. "Oppress," and even "vex," are stronger terms.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Ye shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. Who have no friends, husband, or father to be on their side and protect them, and are weak and helpless to defend themselves, and therefore it must be barbarous to do them any injury, either to their persons or property; no one ought to be afflicted and distressed by another, either in body or mind, or substance, and especially such as have no helper, not any to assist them and sympathize with them; for this is a law for every man, as Jarchi observes, is binding upon all; only the Scripture speaks of these, because of their weakness, and because they are more frequently afflicted than others, cruel and unmerciful men taking the advantage of their inability to defend themselves.



Exodus 22:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
Laws of Social Responsibility
21"You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22"You shall not afflict any widow or orphan. 23"If you afflict him at all, and if he does cry out to Me, I will surely hear his cry;…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 10:18
He defends the cause of the fatherless and the widow, and loves the foreigner residing among you, giving them food and clothing.

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

Deuteronomy 24:18
Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and the LORD your God redeemed you from there. That is why I command you to do this.

Job 31:16
"If I have denied the desires of the poor or let the eyes of the widow grow weary,

Proverbs 23:10
Do not move an ancient boundary stone or encroach on the fields of the fatherless,

Proverbs 23:11
for their Defender is strong; he will take up their case against you.

Jeremiah 7:6
if you do not oppress the foreigner, the fatherless or the widow and do not shed innocent blood in this place, and if you do not follow other gods to your own harm,

Jeremiah 7:7
then I will let you live in this place, in the land I gave your ancestors for ever and ever.

Ezekiel 22:7
In you they have treated father and mother with contempt; in you they have oppressed the foreigner and mistreated the fatherless and the widow.

Zechariah 7:10
Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the foreigner or the poor. Do not plot evil against each other.'

Malachi 3:5
"So I will come to put you on trial. I will be quick to testify against sorcerers, adulterers and perjurers, against those who defraud laborers of their wages, who oppress the widows and the fatherless, and deprive the foreigners among you of justice, but do not fear me," says the LORD Almighty.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

Deuteronomy 10:18 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves …

Deuteronomy 24:17 You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; …

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, …

Psalm 94:6,7 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless…

Isaiah 1:17,23 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the …

Isaiah 10:2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right …

Ezekiel 22:7 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of …

Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor…

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To …

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