6031. anah
Strong's Concordance
anah: defile
Original Word: עָנָה
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: anah
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-naw')
Short Definition: defile
Brown-Driver-Briggs
II. [עָנָה] verb be occupied, busied with (ב), only Ecclesiastes (perhaps Aramaic loan-word; Syriac be occupied with, occupation, affair; compare Arabic , concern one, also be occupied by; Ecclus 42:8 margin); —

Qal Infinitive עֲנוֺתִ Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 3:10.

III. [עָנָה] verb be bowed down, afflicted ( Late Hebrew id.; MI Pi`el ויענו Psalm 1:5, אענו Psalm 1:6; Assyrian enû thwart, frustrate, do violence to; Arabic , be lowly subsmissive, see Rahlfsעָנִי und עָנָי in d. Psalmen (1892), 67 ff.; ᵑ7 עַנִּי Pa`el oppress; Syriac Ethpe`el humble oneself, and derivatives); — Qal Perfect1singular עָנִיתִי Psalm 116:10; Imperfect3masculine singular יַעֲנֶה Isaiah 25:5; Isaiah 31:4, etc.; —

1 be put down or become low, of song of triumph Isaiah 25:5 (others as

Hiph`il he putteth down, "" תַּכְנִיעַ).

2 be depressed, downcast Isaiah 31:4 (of lion; "" יֵחָ֑ת).

3 be afficted Psalm 116:10; Psalm 119:67; Zechariah 10:2.

Niph`al Perfect1singular נַעֲניתִי Psalm 119:107; Infinitive construct לֵעָנֹת (perhaps read as Qal Ges§ 51 l) Exodus 10:3; Participle נַעֲנֶה Isaiah 53:7; feminine singular נַעֲנָה Isaiah 58:10; —

1 humble oneself מִמְּנֵי Exodus 10:3.

2 be afficted Psalm 119:107; Isaiah 53:7; Isaiah 58:10.

Piel. Perfect3masculine singular עִנָּה Deuteronomy 22:24 5t.; 2 masculine singular עִנִּיתָ Psalm 88:8; 1singular עִנֵּיתִי Psalm 35:13, suffix וְעִנִּתִךְ consecutive Nahum 1:12, etc.; Imperfect יְעַנֶּה Job 37:23, etc.; Imperative עַנּוּ Judges 19:24; Infinitive absolute עַנֵּה Exodus 22:22; construct עַנּוֺת Isaiah 58:5 +, etc.; Participle plural suffix מְעַנַּיִךְ Isaiah 60:14; Zephaniah 3:19; —

1 humble, mishandle, afflict: individual Genesis 16:6; Genesis 31:50 (J) Exodus 22:21; Exodus 22:22 (twice in verse) (E) Job 30:11; by imprisonment and bonds Judges 16:5,6,19; Psalm 105:18; a nation by war or in bondage Genesis 15:13 (J) Exodus 1:11,12; Numbers 24:24 (twice in verse) (E) Deuteronomy 26:6; 1 Samuel 12:8 (inserting וַיְעַנּוּם מִצְרַיִם, so ᵐ5 Dr Bu Kit HPS [compare Th We]), 2 Samuel 7:10; 2 Kings 17:20; Psalm 94:5; Isaiah 60:14; Zephaniah 3:19; dynasty of David Psalm 89:23.

2 humble, a woman by cohabitation, Genesis 34:2 (J) Deuteronomy 21:14; Deuteronomy 22:24,29; Judges 19:24; Judges 20:5; 2 Samuel 13:12,14,22,32; Ezekiel 22:10,11; Lamentations 5:11.

3 afflict as a discipline (God agent) Deuteronomy 8:2,3,16; 1 Kings 11:39; Psalm 88:8; Psalm 90:15; Psalm 119:75; Isaiah 64:11; Nahum 1:12 (twice in verse); Lamentations 3:33.

4 humble, weaken, object כֹּחַ Psalm 102:24; משׁפט Job 37:23 (compare Talmud עִנָּה דִּין); נֶפֶשׁ oneself, by fasting Leviticus 16:29,31; Leviticus 23:27,32; Numbers 29:7 (P) Psalm 35:13; Isaiah 58:3,5; by an oath Numbers 30:14 (P).

Pu`al Perfect1singular עֻנֵּיתִי Psalm 119:71; Imperfect3feminine singular תְּעֻנֶּה Leviticus 23:29; Infinitive construct suffix עֻנּוֺתוֺ Psalm 132:1; Participle מְעֻנֶּה Isaiah 53:4; —

1 be afflicted, in discipline by God Psalm 119:71; Psalm 132:1; Isaiah 53:4.

2 be humbled by fasting Leviticus 23:29 (P).

Hiph`il Imperfect2masculine singular suffix תַּעֲנֵם 1 Kings 8:35 2Chronicles 6:26 afflict, in discipline.

Hithpa`el Perfect3masculine singular הִתְעַנָּה 1 Kings 2:26; 2masculine singular תִתְעַנִּיתָ 1 Kings 2:26; Imperfect3masculine plural יִתְעַנּוּ Psalm 107:17; Imperative הִתְעַנִּי Genesis 16:9; Infinitive construct הִתְעַנּוֺת Ezekiel 8:21; Daniel 10:12; —

1 humble oneself (with תַּחַת יָדֶיהָ) Genesis 16:9 (J).

2 be afflicted, by men 1 Kings 2:26 (twice in verse); by God in discipline Psalm 107:17.

3 humble oneself in fasting Ezra 8:21; Daniel 10:12.

II. ענה (√ of following; see Biblical Hebrew III. ענה, עָנָו, עָנִי).



Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
abase self, defile

A primitive root (possibly rather ident. With anah through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows) -- abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for anah), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for anah), speak (by mistake for anah), submit self, weaken, X in any wise.

see HEBREW anah

see HEBREW anah

see HEBREW anah

see HEBREW anah

Forms and Transliterations
אֲעַנֵּ֖ךְ אֶ֭עֱנֶה אענה אענך הִתְעַנִּ֔יתָ הִתְעַנָּ֖ה התענה התענית וְֽיַעֲנֵם֮ וְהִתְעַנִּ֖י וְעִ֨נִּתִ֔ךְ וְעִנִּיתֶ֖ם וְעִנּ֣וּ וְעִנּ֥וּ וְעִנּוּ־ וְעַנּ֣וּ וַֽאעַנֶּ֛ה וַֽיְעַנְּךָ֮ וַיְעַנֵּ֑נִי וַיְעַנֵּ֔ם וַיְעַנֶּ֔הָ וַיְעַנֶּֽהָ׃ וַיְעַנּ֑וּנוּ וַעֲנֹתְךָ֖ וַתְּעַנֶּ֣הָ וּלְהִתְעַנּ֛וֹת וּמְעֻנֶּֽה׃ וּתְעַנֵּ֖נוּ ואענה והתעני ויענה ויענה׃ ויענונו ויענך ויענם ויענני ולהתענות ומענה׃ וענו וענו־ ועניתם וענתך ותענה ותעננו יְעַנֶּֽה׃ יְעַנֶּֽנּוּ׃ יְעַנּ֣וּ יְעַנּֽוּ׃ יִתְעַנּֽוּ׃ יַֽעֲנֶ֑ה יַעֲנ֖וּ יענה יענה׃ יענו יענו׃ יעננו׃ יתענו׃ לְהִתְעַנּ֖וֹת לְעַנֹּ֣ת לְעַנֹּת֑וֹ לְעַנּ֑וֹת לְעַנּוֹת֔וֹ לְעַנּוֹתֶֽךָ׃ לֵעָנֹ֖ת לַעֲנ֥וֹת להתענות לענות לענותו לענותך׃ לענת לענתו מְעַנַּ֔יִךְ מְעַנַּ֖יִךְ מַעֲנֶ֖ה מענה מעניך נַעֲנֵ֥יתִי נַעֲנֶה֮ נַעֲנָ֖ה נענה נעניתי עִנִּ֥ינוּ עִנִּ֥יתָ עִנִּיתָ֑נוּ עִנִּיתָֽהּ׃ עִנִּיתָֽנִי׃ עִנֵּ֣יתִי עִנָּ֔ה עִנָּ֔הּ עִנָּ֖ה עִנָּה֙ עִנָּה־ עִנּ֔וּ עִנּ֖וּ עִנּ֣וּ עִנּוּ־ עַנֵּ֥ה עַנֹּֽתְךָ֗ עַנֹּֽתְךָ֜ עַנֹּת֔וֹ עַנֹּת֖וֹ עַנּ֥וֹת עָנִ֥יתִי עֻנֵּ֑יתִי עֻנּוֹתֽוֹ׃ ענה ענה־ ענו ענו־ ענות ענותו׃ ענינו ענית עניתה׃ עניתי עניתנו עניתני׃ ענתו ענתך תְּעַנֵּ֔נִי תְּעַנֶּ֣ה תְּעַנּ֣וּ תְעַנֶּ֖ה תְעַנּֽוּן׃ תְעֻנֶּ֔ה תַעֲנֵֽם׃ תענה תענו תענון׃ תענם׃ תענני ‘ā·nî·ṯî ‘an·nêh ‘an·nō·ṯə·ḵā ‘an·nō·ṯōw ‘an·nō·wṯ ‘ānîṯî ‘annêh ‘annōṯəḵā ‘annōṯōw ‘annōwṯ ‘in·nāh ‘in·nāh- ‘in·nê·ṯî ‘in·nî·nū ‘in·nî·ṯā ‘in·nî·ṯā·nî ‘in·nî·ṯā·nū ‘in·nî·ṯāh ‘in·nū ‘in·nū- ‘innāh ‘innāh- ‘innêṯî ‘innînū ‘innîṯā ‘innîṯāh ‘innîṯānî ‘innîṯānū ‘innū ‘innū- ‘un·nê·ṯî ‘un·nō·w·ṯōw ‘unnêṯî ‘unnōwṯōw ’ă‘annêḵ ’ă·‘an·nêḵ ’e‘ĕneh ’e·‘ĕ·neh aanNech aNiti anNeh anNot annoteCha annoTo Eeneh hiṯ‘annāh hiṯ‘annîṯā hiṯ·‘an·nāh hiṯ·‘an·nî·ṯā hitanNah hitanNita inNah inNeiti inNinu inNita inniTah inniTani inniTanu inNu la‘ănōwṯ la·‘ă·nō·wṯ laaNot lə‘annōṯ lə‘annōṯōw lə‘annōwṯ lə‘annōwṯeḵā lə‘annōwṯōw lê‘ānōṯ lê·‘ā·nōṯ lə·‘an·nō·ṯōw lə·‘an·nō·w·ṯe·ḵā lə·‘an·nō·w·ṯōw lə·‘an·nō·wṯ lə·‘an·nōṯ lə·hiṯ·‘an·nō·wṯ leanNot leannoTecha leannoTo leaNot ləhiṯ‘annōwṯ lehitanNot ma‘ăneh ma·‘ă·neh maaNeh mə‘annayiḵ mə·‘an·na·yiḵ meanNayich na‘ănāh na‘ăneh na‘ănêṯî na·‘ă·nāh na·‘ă·nê·ṯî na·‘ă·neh naaNah naaNeh naaNeiti ṯa‘ănêm ṯa·‘ă·nêm taaNem tə‘anneh ṯə‘anneh tə‘annênî tə‘annū ṯə‘annūn ṯə‘unneh tə·‘an·nê·nî tə·‘an·neh ṯə·‘an·neh tə·‘an·nū ṯə·‘an·nūn ṯə·‘un·neh teanNeh teanNeni teanNu teanNun teunNeh ū·lə·hiṯ·‘an·nō·wṯ ū·mə·‘un·neh ū·ṯə·‘an·nê·nū ūləhiṯ‘annōwṯ ulehitanNot ūmə‘unneh umeunNeh unNeiti unnoTo ūṯə‘annênū uteanNenu vaanNeh vaanoteCha vatteanNeha vayanneCha vayanNeha vayanNem vayanNeni vayanNunu veanNu vehitanNi veinniTem veInniTich veinNu veyaaNem wa‘anneh wa‘ănōṯəḵā wa·‘ă·nō·ṯə·ḵā wa·‘an·neh wat·tə·‘an·ne·hā wattə‘annehā way‘annehā way‘annəḵā way‘annêm way‘annênî way‘annūnū way·‘an·ne·hā way·‘an·nə·ḵā way·‘an·nê·nî way·‘an·nêm way·‘an·nū·nū wə‘annū wə‘innîṯem wə‘inniṯiḵ wə‘innū wə‘innū- wə·‘an·nū wə·‘in·nî·ṯem wə·‘in·ni·ṯiḵ wə·‘in·nū wə·‘in·nū- wə·hiṯ·‘an·nî wə·ya·‘ă·nêm wəhiṯ‘annî wəya‘ănêm ya‘ăneh ya‘ănū ya·‘ă·neh ya·‘ă·nū yaaNeh yaaNu yə‘anneh yə‘annennū yə‘annū yə·‘an·neh yə·‘an·nen·nū yə·‘an·nū yeanNeh yeanNennu yeanNu yiṯ‘annū yiṯ·‘an·nū yitanNu
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Strong's Hebrew 6031
83 Occurrences


’ă·‘an·nêḵ — 1 Occ.
‘ā·nî·ṯî — 1 Occ.
‘an·nêh — 1 Occ.
‘an·nō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
‘an·nō·ṯə·ḵā — 2 Occ.
‘an·nō·ṯōw — 2 Occ.
’e·‘ĕ·neh — 1 Occ.
hiṯ·‘an·nāh — 1 Occ.
hiṯ·‘an·nî·ṯā — 1 Occ.
‘in·nāh — 6 Occ.
‘in·nê·ṯî — 1 Occ.
‘in·nî·nū — 1 Occ.
‘in·nî·ṯā — 1 Occ.
‘in·nî·ṯāh — 1 Occ.
‘in·nî·ṯā·nî — 1 Occ.
‘in·nî·ṯā·nū — 1 Occ.
‘in·nū — 4 Occ.
la·‘ă·nō·wṯ — 2 Occ.
lə·‘an·nōṯ — 2 Occ.
lə·‘an·nō·w·ṯe·ḵā — 1 Occ.
lə·‘an·nō·ṯōw — 3 Occ.
lê·‘ā·nōṯ — 1 Occ.
lə·hiṯ·‘an·nō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
ma·‘ă·neh — 1 Occ.
mə·‘an·na·yiḵ — 2 Occ.
na·‘ă·nāh — 1 Occ.
na·‘ă·neh — 1 Occ.
na·‘ă·nê·ṯî — 1 Occ.
ṯa·‘ă·nêm — 2 Occ.
tə·‘an·neh — 2 Occ.
tə·‘an·nê·nî — 1 Occ.
tə·‘an·nū — 1 Occ.
ṯə·‘an·nūn — 1 Occ.
ṯə·‘un·neh — 1 Occ.
ū·lə·hiṯ·‘an·nō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
ū·mə·‘un·neh — 1 Occ.
‘un·nê·ṯî — 1 Occ.
‘un·nō·w·ṯōw — 1 Occ.
ū·ṯə·‘an·nê·nū — 1 Occ.
wa·‘an·neh — 1 Occ.
wa·‘ă·nō·ṯə·ḵā — 1 Occ.
wat·tə·‘an·ne·hā — 1 Occ.
way·‘an·nə·ḵā — 1 Occ.
way·‘an·ne·hā — 2 Occ.
way·‘an·nêm — 1 Occ.
way·‘an·nê·nî — 1 Occ.
way·‘an·nū·nū — 1 Occ.
wə·‘an·nū — 1 Occ.
wə·hiṯ·‘an·nî — 1 Occ.
wə·‘in·nî·ṯem — 4 Occ.
wə·‘in·ni·ṯiḵ — 1 Occ.
wə·‘in·nū — 3 Occ.
wə·ya·‘ă·nêm — 1 Occ.
ya·‘ă·neh — 1 Occ.
ya·‘ă·nū — 1 Occ.
yə·‘an·neh — 1 Occ.
yə·‘an·nen·nū — 1 Occ.
yə·‘an·nū — 2 Occ.
yiṯ·‘an·nū — 1 Occ.

Genesis 15:13
HEB: לָהֶ֔ם וַעֲבָד֖וּם וְעִנּ֣וּ אֹתָ֑ם אַרְבַּ֥ע
NAS: where they will be enslaved and oppressed four
KJV: [that is] not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four
INT: not will be enslaved and oppressed four hundred

Genesis 16:6
HEB: הַטּ֣וֹב בְּעֵינָ֑יִךְ וַתְּעַנֶּ֣הָ שָׂרַ֔י וַתִּבְרַ֖ח
NAS: So Sarai treated her harshly, and she fled
KJV: And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled
INT: to her what your sight treated Sarai fled

Genesis 16:9
HEB: אֶל־ גְּבִרְתֵּ֑ךְ וְהִתְעַנִּ֖י תַּ֥חַת יָדֶֽיהָ׃
NAS: to your mistress, and submit yourself to her authority.
KJV: to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.
INT: to your mistress and submit Thahash to her authority

Genesis 31:50
HEB: אִם־ תְּעַנֶּ֣ה אֶת־ בְּנֹתַ֗י
NAS: If you mistreat my daughters, or if
KJV: If thou shalt afflict my daughters,
INT: If mistreat my daughters if

Genesis 34:2
HEB: וַיִּשְׁכַּ֥ב אֹתָ֖הּ וַיְעַנֶּֽהָ׃
NAS: her and lay with her by force.
KJV: her, and lay with her, and defiled her.
INT: her and lay her by force

Exodus 1:11
HEB: מִסִּ֔ים לְמַ֥עַן עַנֹּת֖וֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָ֑ם וַיִּ֜בֶן
NAS: over them to afflict them with hard labor.
KJV: over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens.
INT: discomfited because of to afflict hard built

Exodus 1:12
HEB: וְכַאֲשֶׁר֙ יְעַנּ֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ כֵּ֥ן
NAS: But the more they afflicted them, the more
KJV: But the more they afflicted them, the more
INT: they afflicted the more multiplied

Exodus 10:3
HEB: מָתַ֣י מֵאַ֔נְתָּ לֵעָנֹ֖ת מִפָּנָ֑י שַׁלַּ֥ח
NAS: will you refuse to humble yourself before
KJV: wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before
INT: How refuse to humble before Let

Exodus 22:22
HEB: וְיָת֖וֹם לֹ֥א תְעַנּֽוּן׃
NAS: You shall not afflict any widow
KJV: Ye shall not afflict any widow,
INT: orphan shall not afflict

Exodus 22:23
HEB: אִם־ עַנֵּ֥ה תְעַנֶּ֖ה אֹת֑וֹ
NAS: If you afflict him at all, [and] if
KJV: If thou afflict them in any wise,
INT: If afflict all for

Exodus 22:23
HEB: אִם־ עַנֵּ֥ה תְעַנֶּ֖ה אֹת֑וֹ כִּ֣י
NAS: you afflict him at all, [and] if
KJV: thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry
INT: If afflict all for if

Leviticus 16:29
HEB: בֶּֽעָשׂ֨וֹר לַחֹ֜דֶשׁ תְּעַנּ֣וּ אֶת־ נַפְשֹֽׁתֵיכֶ֗ם
NAS: day of the month, you shall humble your souls
KJV: [day] of the month, ye shall afflict your souls,
INT: the tenth of the month shall humble your souls any

Leviticus 16:31
HEB: הִיא֙ לָכֶ֔ם וְעִנִּיתֶ֖ם אֶת־ נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶ֑ם
NAS: of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls;
KJV: of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls,
INT: of solemn he you may humble your souls statute

Leviticus 23:27
HEB: יִהְיֶ֣ה לָכֶ֔ם וְעִנִּיתֶ֖ם אֶת־ נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶ֑ם
NAS: convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls
KJV: convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls,
INT: holy become shall humble your souls and present

Leviticus 23:29
HEB: אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹֽא־ תְעֻנֶּ֔ה בְּעֶ֖צֶם הַיּ֣וֹם
NAS: who will not humble himself on this
KJV: For whatsoever soul [it be] that shall not be afflicted in that same
INT: who will not humble same day

Leviticus 23:32
HEB: הוּא֙ לָכֶ֔ם וְעִנִּיתֶ֖ם אֶת־ נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶ֑ם
NAS: of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls;
KJV: of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls:
INT: of complete he shall humble your souls the ninth

Numbers 24:24
HEB: מִיַּ֣ד כִּתִּ֔ים וְעִנּ֥וּ אַשּׁ֖וּר וְעִנּוּ־
NAS: of Kittim, And they shall afflict Asshur
KJV: of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur,
INT: the coast of Kittim shall afflict Asshur and will afflict

Numbers 24:24
HEB: וְעִנּ֥וּ אַשּׁ֖וּר וְעִנּוּ־ עֵ֑בֶר וְגַם־
NAS: Asshur and will afflict Eber;
KJV: Asshur, and shall afflict Eber,
INT: shall afflict Asshur and will afflict Eber also

Numbers 29:7
HEB: יִהְיֶ֣ה לָכֶ֔ם וְעִנִּיתֶ֖ם אֶת־ נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶ֑ם
NAS: convocation, and you shall humble yourselves;
KJV: convocation; and ye shall afflict your souls:
INT: A holy shall have shall humble yourselves any

Numbers 30:13
HEB: שְׁבֻעַ֥ת אִסָּ֖ר לְעַנֹּ֣ת נָ֑פֶשׁ אִישָׁ֥הּ
NAS: oath to humble herself,
KJV: oath to afflict the soul,
INT: oath binding to humble herself her husband

Deuteronomy 8:2
HEB: בַּמִּדְבָּ֑ר לְמַ֨עַן עַנֹּֽתְךָ֜ לְנַסֹּֽתְךָ֗ לָדַ֜עַת
NAS: years, that He might humble you, testing
KJV: in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove
INT: the wilderness might humble testing to know

Deuteronomy 8:3
HEB: וַֽיְעַנְּךָ֮ וַיַּרְעִבֶךָ֒ וַיַּֽאֲכִֽלְךָ֤
NAS: He humbled you and let you be hungry,
KJV: And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger,
INT: humbled you be hungry and fed

Deuteronomy 8:16
HEB: אֲבֹתֶ֑יךָ לְמַ֣עַן עַנֹּֽתְךָ֗ וּלְמַ֙עַן֙ נַסֹּתֶ֔ךָ
NAS: did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test
KJV: knew not, that he might humble thee, and that he might prove
INT: your fathers might humble might test

Deuteronomy 21:14
HEB: תַּ֖חַת אֲשֶׁ֥ר עִנִּיתָֽהּ׃ ס
NAS: her, because you have humbled her.
KJV: of her, because thou hast humbled her.
INT: Thahash of her because have humbled

Deuteronomy 22:24
HEB: דְּבַ֥ר אֲשֶׁר־ עִנָּ֖ה אֶת־ אֵ֣שֶׁת
NAS: because he has violated his neighbor's
KJV: because he hath humbled his neighbour's
INT: act he violated wife his neighbor's

83 Occurrences

6030b
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