Exodus 22:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"If anyone borrows an animal from their neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, they must make restitution.

New Living Translation
"If someone borrows an animal from a neighbor and it is injured or dies when the owner is absent, the person who borrowed it must pay full compensation.

English Standard Version
“If a man borrows anything of his neighbor, and it is injured or dies, the owner not being with it, he shall make full restitution.

New American Standard Bible
"If a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution.

King James Bible
And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not there with it, the man must make full restitution.

International Standard Version
"When a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it's injured or dies while its owner was not with it, he is certainly to make restitution.

NET Bible
"If a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is hurt or dies when its owner was not with it, the man who borrowed it will surely pay.

New Heart English Bible
"If a man borrows anything of his neighbor's, and it is injured, or dies, its owner not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whenever someone borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, the borrower must make up for the loss.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man borrow aught of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

New American Standard 1977
“And if a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if anyone borrows anything of his neighbour, and it is hurt or dies, its owner not being with it, he shall surely make it good.

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man borrow anything of his neighbor, and it be hurt, or dies, the owner of it being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

American King James Version
And if a man borrow ought of his neighbor, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

American Standard Version
And if a man borrow aught of his neighbor, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man borrow of his neighbour any of these things, and it be hurt or die, the owner not being present, he shall be obliged to make restitution.

Darby Bible Translation
-- And if a man borrow anything of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, its owner not being with it, he shall fully make it good;

English Revised Version
And if a man borrow aught of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall borrow aught of his neighbor, and it shall be hurt, or die, the owner of it being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

World English Bible
"If a man borrows anything of his neighbor's, and it is injured, or dies, its owner not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

Young's Literal Translation
And when a man doth ask anything from his neighbour, and it hath been hurt or hath died -- its owner not being with it -- he doth certainly repay;
Study Bible
Property Laws
13"If it is all torn to pieces, let him bring it as evidence; he shall not make restitution for what has been torn to pieces. 14"If a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution. 15"If its owner is with it, he shall not make restitution; if it is hired, it came for its hire.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:13
"If it is all torn to pieces, let him bring it as evidence; he shall not make restitution for what has been torn to pieces.

Exodus 22:15
"If its owner is with it, he shall not make restitution; if it is hired, it came for its hire.
Treasury of Scripture

And if a man borrow ought of his neighbor, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

borrow

Deuteronomy 15:2 And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lends …

Deuteronomy 23:19,20 You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury …

Nehemiah 5:4 There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's …

Psalm 37:21 The wicked borrows, and pays not again: but the righteous shows mercy, …

Matthew 5:42 Give to him that asks you, and from him that would borrow of you …

Luke 6:35 But love you your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing …

make it good

Exodus 22:11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he has …

Exodus 21:34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money to the owner …

Leviticus 24:18 And he that kills a beast shall make it good; beast for beast.

(14, 15) Lending is a species of deposit; but for the benefit, not of the depositor, but of the man with whom the deposit is made. The obligation of the latter to keep intact and to return is therefore even more stringent than in the preceding case. Consequently, if the thing lent were lost or injured, however the loss was brought about, the borrower was justly called upon to make it good. The only exception was, when the lender was still in charge of what he lent, present with it, and able to keep guard over it.

Verses 14, 15 LAW OF BORROWING. - The act of borrowing is connected with that of depositing, since in both cases, the property of one man is committed to the hands of another; only, in the one case, it is at the instance and for the benefit of the man into whose hands the property passes; in the other case, it is at the instance and for the benefit of the other party. This difference causes a difference of obligation. The borrower, having borrowed solely for his own advantage, must take all the risks, and in any case return the thing borrowed, or its value, unless the owner was still, in some sort, in charge of his own property. Things hired are not, however, to be regarded as borrowed. If harm come to them, the owner must suffer the loss. Verse 14. And it be hurt or die. - The thing borrowed might be animate or inanimate; either might be "hurt;" the former might not only be hurt, but "die." Whatever the damage, and whatever the cause, unless in the single rare case of the owner being in charge, the law required the borrower to make good the loss to the owner. This law must have acted as a considerable check upon borrowing. And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour,.... Any beast, as it should seem, as an ox to plough with, an ass, horse, or camel to ride on, though the Jewish writers carry it also to any kind of household stuff:

and if he be hurt or die; if any damage comes to it, or it dies while it is in the borrower's hands, and when employed in that work for which he borrowed it; the Targum of Jonathan is,"and the vessel should be broke, or the beast die:''and the owner thereof being not with it; at the time of its being hurt, or of its death, and so could not be so well satisfied whether used well or not, nor how the damage and death came to it:

he shall surely make it good; pay the full price for it it is worth; which, though it may seem hard, was necessary, in order to make men careful of things they borrowed, and that lenders may not be losers for their kindness. 22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.
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