Exodus 22:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife.

New Living Translation
"If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to anyone and has sex with her, he must pay the customary bride price and marry her.

English Standard Version
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed and lies with her, he shall give the bride-price for her and make her his wife.

New American Standard Bible
"If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

King James Bible
And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and he has sexual relations with her, he must certainly pay the bridal price for her to be his wife.

International Standard Version
"When a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to be married and has sexual relations with her, he must pay her bride price, and she is to become his wife.

NET Bible
"If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged and has sexual relations with her, he must surely endow her to be his wife.

New Heart English Bible
"If a man entices a virgin who isn't pledged to be married, and lies with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whenever a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to anyone and has sexual intercourse with her, he must pay the bride-price and marry her.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man entice a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

New American Standard 1977
“And if a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If a man should entice a virgin that is not betrothed and lie with her, he shall surely endow her and take her to be his wife.

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

American King James Version
And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

American Standard Version
And if a man entice a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man seduce a virgin not yet espoused, and lie with her: he shall endow her, and have her to wife.

Darby Bible Translation
And if a man seduce a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall certainly endow her, to be his wife.

English Revised Version
And if a man entice a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

World English Bible
"If a man entices a virgin who isn't pledged to be married, and lies with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Young's Literal Translation
And when a man doth entice a virgin who is not betrothed, and hath lain with her, he doth certainly endow her to himself for a wife;
Study Bible
Laws of Social Responsibility
15"If its owner is with it, he shall not make restitution; if it is hired, it came for its hire. 16"If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife. 17"If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the dowry for virgins.…
Cross References
Matthew 1:18
This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged in marriage to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with Child through the Holy Spirit.

Exodus 22:15
"If its owner is with it, he shall not make restitution; if it is hired, it came for its hire.

Deuteronomy 22:28
"If a man finds a girl who is a virgin, who is not engaged, and seizes her and lies with her and they are discovered,

Deuteronomy 22:29
then the man who lay with her shall give to the girl's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall become his wife because he has violated her; he cannot divorce her all his days.
Treasury of Scripture

And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

a man entice

Genesis 34:2-4 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, …

Deuteronomy 22:28,29 If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, …

MISCELLANEOUS LAWS.

(16-31) The remainder of the chapter contains laws which it is impossible to bring under any general head or heads, and which can, therefore, only be regarded as miscellaneous. Moses may have recorded them in the order in which they were delivered to him; or have committed them to writing as they afterwards occurred to his memory.

(16) If a man entice a maid.--The seduction of a maiden is regarded more seriously in primitive than in more advanced communities. The father looked to receive a handsome sum (????) from the man to whom he consented to betroth his virgin daughter; and required compensation if his daughter's eligibility as a wife was diminished. If the seducer were a person to whom he felt it a degradation to marry his daughter, he might exact from him such a sum as would be likely to induce another to wed her; if he was one whom he could accept as a son-in-law, he might compel him to re-establish his daughter's status by marriage. It might be well if modern societies would imitate the Mosaic code on this point by some similar proviso.

He shall surely endow her--i.e., pay the customary sum to the father. See Deuteronomy 22:29, where the sum is fixed at fifty shekels of silver.

Verse 16. - If a man entice. Rather "seduce." He shall surely endow her to be his wife. In the East a man commonly pays money, or money's worth, to the parents in order to obtain a wife. The seducer was to comply with this custom, and make over to the damsel's father the sum of fifty shekels of silver (Deuteronomy 22:29), for his sanction of the marriage. If the father consented, he was compelled to marry the girl, and he was forbidden to repudiate her afterwards (ibid.). And if a man entice a maid, that is not betrothed,.... For one might be betrothed according to the custom of those times, and not be married, or the nuptials consummated, and so be yet a maid or virgin; but being betrothed, it made the case different, because such an one was as a wife to a man: but the case here supposed is of a maid not betrothed, and also not forced, but yielding to the solicitations of a man, as is implied by her being enticed; which signifies his gaining upon her affections, and obtaining her consent by expressing strong affection for her, and making large promises to her, and so both by words and gestures prevailing with her to yield to his desire:

and lie with her; in a way of carnal copulation; and such an action between two single persons, by consent, is what is called simple fornication: if this was done in a field, the maid was supposed to be forced, since there she might cry out, and not be heard; but if in a city, she is supposed to be enticed, and consent, since if she cried out she might be heard; this the Jewish writers gather from Deuteronomy 22:23, though the law there respects a betrothed damsel:

he shall surely endow her to be his wife; give her a dowry in order to be his wife, or, however, such an one as he would or must give if she became his wife, even one suitable to her rank and dignity, whether he married her or not; for he was not obliged to it whether he would or not, and in some cases could not if he would, as follows. 22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.
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