Exodus 22:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must still pay the bride-price for virgins.

New Living Translation
But if her father refuses to let him marry her, the man must still pay him an amount equal to the bride price of a virgin.

English Standard Version
If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the bride-price for virgins.

New American Standard Bible
"If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the dowry for virgins.

King James Bible
If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must pay an amount in silver equal to the bridal price for virgins."

International Standard Version
If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he is to pay an amount equal to the bride price for virgins.

NET Bible
If her father refuses to give her to him, he must pay money for the bride price of virgins.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he must pay an amount of money equal to the bride-price for virgins.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If her father utterly refuses to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

King James 2000 Bible
If her father utterly refuses to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

American King James Version
If her father utterly refuse to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

American Standard Version
If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If the maid's father will not give her to him, he shall give money according to the dowry, which virgins are wont to receive.

Darby Bible Translation
If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall weigh money according to the dowry of virgins.

English Revised Version
If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Webster's Bible Translation
If her father shall utterly refuse to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the dower of virgins.

World English Bible
If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Young's Literal Translation
if her father utterly refuse to give her to him, money he doth weigh out according to the dowry of virgins.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 17. - If her father utterly refuse, etc. There might be such a disparity between the parties, or such an ineligibility of the man for a son-in-law, that the father might refuse to reestablish his daughter's status by the alliance. In that case the offender was to pay such a sum as would form a handsome dowry for the injured female, and enable her to enter with proper dignity the house of whatever man might be selected for her husband.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him,.... For wife, either because of his character, family, or circumstances; or, however, being disagreeable to him on one account or another, and therefore will by no means agree to marry his daughter to him, and not only give him an absolute denial, but resolutely persist in it: the Targum of Jonathan has it,"if it seems not good to him;''if he do not like nor choose to marry her; and some add also, if she herself do not approve of marrying him:

he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins; as virgins on marriage have usually given them, according to their rank and dignity: here is no sum fixed, but the Targum of Jonathan is,"he shall be mulcted in fifty shekels of silver,''which is taken from Deuteronomy 22:29 though that seems to be not altogether a like case with this; for though it respects a virgin not betrothed, as here, yet one that has been forced, and therefore the man was obliged to marry her, and never put her away; and the mulct or fine was to be paid to the damsel's father and not to her: the Septuagint version here says, it was to be paid to the father.



Exodus 22:17 Additional Commentaries
Context
Laws of Social Responsibility
16"If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife. 17"If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the dowry for virgins. 18"You shall not allow a sorceress to live.…
Cross References
Genesis 30:20
Then Leah said, "God has presented me with a precious gift. This time my husband will treat me with honor, because I have borne him six sons." So she named him Zebulun.

Genesis 34:12
Make the price for the bride and the gift I am to bring as great as you like, and I'll pay whatever you ask me. Only give me the young woman as my wife."

1 Samuel 18:25
Saul replied, "Say to David, 'The king wants no other price for the bride than a hundred Philistine foreskins, to take revenge on his enemies.'" Saul's plan was to have David fall by the hands of the Philistines.
Treasury of Scripture

If her father utterly refuse to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

utterly

Deuteronomy 7:3,4 Neither shall you make marriages with them; your daughter you shall …

pay. Heb. weigh

Genesis 23:16 And Abraham listened to Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the …

dowry of virgins

Genesis 34:12 Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will give according as …

Deuteronomy 22:29 Then the man that lay with her shall give to the damsel's father …

1 Samuel 18:25 And Saul said, Thus shall you say to David, The king desires not …

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