Exodus 21:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If he marries another woman, he must not deprive the first one of her food, clothing and marital rights.

New Living Translation
"If a man who has married a slave wife takes another wife for himself, he must not neglect the rights of the first wife to food, clothing, and sexual intimacy.

English Standard Version
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

New American Standard Bible
"If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her food, her clothing, or her conjugal rights.

King James Bible
If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If he takes an additional wife, he must not reduce the food, clothing, or marital rights of the first wife.

International Standard Version
If he takes another woman for himself, he may not withhold from the first her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

NET Bible
If he takes another wife, he must not diminish the first one's food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If that son marries another woman, he must not deprive the first wife of food, clothes, or sex.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If he takes another wife, her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, he shall not diminish.

King James 2000 Bible
If he takes him another wife; her food, her clothing, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

American King James Version
If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

American Standard Version
If he take him another wife ; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if he take another wife for him, he shall provide her a marriage, and raiment, neither shall he refuse the price of her chastity.

Darby Bible Translation
If he take himself another, her food, her clothing, and her conjugal rights he shall not diminish.

English Revised Version
If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

Webster's Bible Translation
If he shall take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage shall he not diminish.

World English Bible
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marital rights.

Young's Literal Translation
If another woman he take for him, her food, her covering, and her habitation, he doth not withdraw;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - If he take him another wife - i.e., If he marry her himself, and then take another, even a legitimate, wife - her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage shall he not diminish - she shall retain during her life all the privileges of a married woman - he shall not diminish aught from them. The word translated "duty of marriage" seems to mean "right of cohabitation."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If he take him another wife,.... The father takes another wife for his son, or the son takes another wife to himself after he has betrothed and married his father's maidservant:

her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish; neither deny it her in whole, nor lessen it in part, but give her her full due of each. What is meant by the two former words is easy, and admits of no difficulty, the latter is differently interpreted. Some take it to signify no other than an "habitation" (u), that as he was to provide food and raiment for her, so an house to dwell, in; but the generality of interpreters, Jewish and Christian, understand it as we do, of the conjugal duty, the use of the marriage bed, or what the apostle calls due benevolence, 1 Corinthians 7:3. The word is thought to have the signification of a fixed time for it; and the Misnic doctors (w) are very particular in assigning the set times of it for different persons; and in those countries where there were, and where there still are, plurality of wives, each had, and have their turns, see Genesis 30:15.

(u) "habitationem ejus", Montanus, Junius & Tremellius; so some in Aben Ezra. Vid. Pfeiffer. "dubia vexata", cent. 1. loc. 97. (w) Misn. Cetubot, c. 5. sect. 6.



Exodus 21:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Laws for Servants
9"If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her according to the custom of daughters. 10"If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her food, her clothing, or her conjugal rights. 11"If he will not do these three things for her, then she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.
Cross References
1 Corinthians 7:3
The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife, and likewise the wife to her husband.

1 Corinthians 7:5
Do not deprive each other except perhaps by mutual consent and for a time, so that you may devote yourselves to prayer. Then come together again so that Satan will not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.

Exodus 21:9
If he selects her for his son, he must grant her the rights of a daughter.

Exodus 21:11
If he does not provide her with these three things, she is to go free, without any payment of money.
Treasury of Scripture

If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

her food. Sheairah, 'her flesh;' he shall not only afford her a sufficient quantity of food, as before, but of the same quality. She is not to be fed, like a common slave, with a sufficiency of bread, vegetables, milk, but with her customary supply of flesh, and other agreeable articles of food.

1 Corinthians 7:1-6 Now concerning the things whereof you wrote to me: It is good for …

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