Exodus 21:7
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"If a man sells his daughter as a servant, she is not to go free as male servants do.

New Living Translation
"When a man sells his daughter as a slave, she will not be freed at the end of six years as the men are.

English Standard Version
“When a man sells his daughter as a slave, she shall not go out as the male slaves do.

New American Standard Bible
"If a man sells his daughter as a female slave, she is not to go free as the male slaves do.

King James Bible
And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man sells his daughter as a slave, she is not to leave as the male slaves do.

International Standard Version
"When a man sells his daughter as a servant, she won't go out as the male servants do.

NET Bible
"If a man sells his daughter as a female servant, she will not go out as the male servants do.

New Heart English Bible
"If a man sells his daughter to be a female servant, she shall not go out as the male servants do.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whenever a man sells his daughter into slavery, she will not go free the way male slaves do.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man sell his daughter to be a maid-servant, she shall not go out as the men-servants do.

New American Standard 1977
“And if a man sells his daughter as a female slave, she is not to go free as the male slaves do.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if a man should sell his daughter to be a maidslave, she shall not go out as the menslaves do.

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.

American King James Version
And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.

American Standard Version
And if a man sell his daughter to be a maid-servant, she shall not go out as the men-servants do.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any man sell his daughter to be a servant, she shall not go out as bondwomen are wont to go out.

Darby Bible Translation
And if a man shall sell his daughter as a handmaid, she shall not go out as the bondmen go out.

English Revised Version
And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall sell his daughter to be a maid-servant, she shall not depart as the men-servants do.

World English Bible
"If a man sells his daughter to be a female servant, she shall not go out as the male servants do.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when a man selleth his daughter for a handmaid, she doth not go out according to the going out of the men-servants;
Study Bible
Laws for Servants
6then his master shall bring him to God, then he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him permanently. 7"If a man sells his daughter as a female slave, she is not to go free as the male slaves do. 8"If she is displeasing in the eyes of her master who designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He does not have authority to sell her to a foreign people because of his unfairness to her.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:2
"If you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve for six years; but on the seventh he shall go out as a free man without payment.

Exodus 21:3
"If he comes alone, he shall go out alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.

Exodus 21:6
then his master shall bring him to God, then he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him permanently.

Exodus 21:8
"If she is displeasing in the eyes of her master who designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He does not have authority to sell her to a foreign people because of his unfairness to her.

Nehemiah 5:5
"Now our flesh is like the flesh of our brothers, our children like their children. Yet behold, we are forcing our sons and our daughters to be slaves, and some of our daughters are forced into bondage already, and we are helpless because our fields and vineyards belong to others."
Treasury of Scripture

And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.

sell

Nehemiah 5:5 Yet now our flesh is as the flesh of our brothers, our children as …

go out

Exodus 21:2,3 If you buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the …

(7) If a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant.--The right of selling their children into slavery was regarded in ancient times as inherent in the patria potestas, and was practised largely by many nations (Herod. v. 6; Heyne, Opusc., vol. iv., p. 125). Among the Hebrews such sales were, comparatively speaking, rare; but still they occasionally took place, in consequence of extreme poverty (Nehemiah 5:5). Women sold in this way might claim their freedom at the end of six years if they chose (Deuteronomy 15:17); but if purchased to be wives, they received a further protection. If the intention were carried out, they were to be entitled to the status of wives during their whole lifetime, even though their husbands contracted further marriages (Exodus 21:10). If, instead of becoming the wife of her purchaser, a woman was made over by him to his son, she was to enjoy all the rights of a daughter (Exodus 21:9). If the purchaser declined to act in either of these two ways, he was compelled to take one of two other courses. Either he must get another Hebrew to discharge his obligation of marriage (Exodus 21:8), or he must return the maid intact to her father, without making any demand for the restitution of the purchase-money (Exodus 21:11). These provisions afforded a considerable protection to the slave-concubine, who might otherwise have been liable to grievous wrong and oppression.

Verse 7. - If a man sell his daughter to be a maid-servant. Among ancient nations the father' s rights over his children were generally regarded as including the right to sell them for slaves. In civilised nations the right was seldom exercised; but what restrained men was rather a sentiment of pride than any doubt of such sales being proper. Many barbarous nations, like the Thracians (Herod. 5:6), made a regular practice of selling their daughters. Even at Athens there was a time when sales of children had been common (Plut. Vit. Solon. § 13). Existing custom, it is clear, sanctioned such sales among the Hebrews, and what the law now did was to step in and mitigate the evil consequences. (Compare the comment on verse 2.) These were greatest in the case of females. Usually they were bought to be made the concubines, or secondary wives of their masters. If this intention were carried out, then they were to be entitled to their status and maintenance as wives during their lifetime, even though their husband took another (legitimate) wife (ver. 10). If the retention was not carried out, either the man was to marry her to one of his sons (ver. 9), or he was to sell his rights over her altogether with his obligations to another Hebrew; or he was to send her back at once intact to her father' s house, without making any claim on him to refund the purchase-money. These provisos may not have furnished a remedy against all the wrongs of a weak, and, no doubt, an oppressed class; but they were important mitigations of the existing usages, and protected the slave-concubine to a considerable extent. And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant,.... That is, if an Israelite, as the Targum of Jonathan, sells his little daughter, as the same Targum, and so Jarchi and Aben Ezra, one that is under age, that is not arrived to the age of twelve years and a day, and this through poverty; he not being able to support himself and his family, puts his daughter out to service, or rather sells her to be a servant:

she shall not go out as the menservants do; that are sold, before described; or rather, according to the Targum,"as the Canaanitish servants go out, who are made free, because of a tooth, or an eye, (the loss of them, Exodus 21:26) but in the years of release, and with the signs (of puberty), and in the jubilee, and at the death of their masters, with redemption of silver,''so Jarchi. Ex 21:7-36. Laws for Maidservants.

7-11. if a man sell his daughter—Hebrew girls might be redeemed for a reasonable sum. But in the event of her parents or friends being unable to pay the redemption money, her owner was not at liberty to sell her elsewhere. Should she have been betrothed to him or his son, and either change their minds, a maintenance must be provided for her suitable to her condition as his intended wife, or her freedom instantly granted.21:1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.
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