Exodus 21:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Anyone who strikes a person with a fatal blow is to be put to death.

New Living Translation
"Anyone who assaults and kills another person must be put to death.

English Standard Version
“Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall be put to death.

New American Standard Bible
"He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death.

King James Bible
He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Whoever strikes a person so that he dies must be put to death.

International Standard Version
"Whoever strikes a man so that he dies is certainly to be put to death.

NET Bible
"Whoever strikes someone so that he dies must surely be put to death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whoever strikes someone and kills him must be put to death.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He that smites a man so that he dies shall be surely put to death.

King James 2000 Bible
He that strikes a man, so that he dies, shall be surely put to death.

American King James Version
He that smites a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

American Standard Version
He that smiteth a man, so that he dieth, shall surely be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that striketh a man with a will to kill him, shall be put to death.

Darby Bible Translation
He that striketh a man, so that he die, shall certainly be put to death.

English Revised Version
He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall surely be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that smiteth a man, so that he dieth, shall be surely put to death.

World English Bible
"One who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death,

Young's Literal Translation
'He who smiteth a man so that he hath died, is certainly put to death;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 12-14. - Homicide. Ver. 12 reiterates the Sixth Commandment, and adds to it a temporal penalty - "he shall surely be put to death." The substance of this law had already been given to Noah in the words, "Whoso sheddeth man' s blood, by man shall his blood be shed" (Genesis 9:6). Real murder, with deliberate intent, was under no circumstances to be pardoned. The murderer was even to be torn from the altar, if he took refuge there, and relentlessly punished (ver. 14). See the case of Joab (1 Kings 2:28-34). But, if a man happened suddenly upon his enemy, without having sought the opportunity, and slew him (ver. 13), then the case was one not of murder, but at most of manslaughter, or possibly of justifiable homicide. No legal penalty was assigned to such offences. They were left to the rude justice of established custom, which required "the avenger of blood" to visit them with due retribution. According to the general practice of the Eastern nations, he might either insist on life for life or take a money compensation. With this custom, deeply ingrained into the minds of the Oriental people, the law did not meddle. It was content to interpose between the avenger of blood and his victim the chance of reaching an asylum. Places were appointed, whither the shedder of blood might flee, and where he might be safe until his cause was tried before the men of his own city (Numbers 35:22-25), and afterwards, if the judgment were in his favour. Some particular part of the camp was probably made an asylum in the wilderness.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He that smiteth a man, so that he die,.... The Targum of Jonathan is, that smites a man or daughter of Israel with the sword; but there is no need to restrain the words either to persons of any certain nation, nor to any instrument with which a person may be smitten as to die: but any human person, man, woman, or child, of whatsoever nation, and they smitten with anything whatever, that issues in their death:

shall surely be put to death; by the order of the civil magistrate, and by the hand of such as shall be appointed by him; for this is the original law of God, Genesis 9:6.



Exodus 21:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
Personal Injury Laws
12"He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death. 13"But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.…
Cross References
Matthew 26:52
"Put your sword back in its place," Jesus said to him, "for all who draw the sword will die by the sword.

Genesis 9:5
And for your lifeblood I will surely demand an accounting. I will demand an accounting from every animal. And from each human being, too, I will demand an accounting for the life of another human being.

Genesis 9:6
"Whoever sheds human blood, by humans shall their blood be shed; for in the image of God has God made mankind.

Exodus 20:13
"You shall not murder.

Exodus 21:11
If he does not provide her with these three things, she is to go free, without any payment of money.

Leviticus 24:17
"'Anyone who takes the life of a human being is to be put to death.

Numbers 35:16
"'If anyone strikes someone a fatal blow with an iron object, that person is a murderer; the murderer is to be put to death.

Numbers 35:30
"'Anyone who kills a person is to be put to death as a murderer only on the testimony of witnesses. But no one is to be put to death on the testimony of only one witness.

Deuteronomy 19:11
But if out of hate someone lies in wait, assaults and kills a neighbor, and then flees to one of these cities,

Deuteronomy 27:24
"Cursed is anyone who kills their neighbor secretly." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"
Treasury of Scripture

He that smites a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

Exodus 20:13 You shall not kill.

Genesis 9:6 Whoever sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in …

Leviticus 24:17 And he that kills any man shall surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:16-24,30,31 And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he …

Deuteronomy 19:11-13 But if any man hate his neighbor, and lie in wait for him, and rise …

2 Samuel 12:13 And David said to Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan …

Matthew 26:52 Then said Jesus to him, Put up again your sword into his place: for …

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