Exodus 21:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"These are the laws you are to set before them:

New Living Translation
"These are the regulations you must present to Israel.

English Standard Version
“Now these are the rules that you shall set before them.

New American Standard Bible
"Now these are the ordinances which you are to set before them:

King James Bible
Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are the ordinances that you must set before them:"

International Standard Version
"These are the ordinances that you are to set before them.

NET Bible
"These are the decisions that you will set before them:

New Heart English Bible
"Now these are the ordinances which you shall set before them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[The LORD continued,] "Here are the legal decisions to be used by the Israelites:

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now these are the ordinances which thou shalt set before them.

New American Standard 1977
“Now these are the ordinances which you are to set before them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now these are the rights which thou shalt set before them.

King James 2000 Bible
Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them.

American King James Version
Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them.

American Standard Version
Now these are the ordinances which thou shalt set before them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

Darby Bible Translation
And these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

English Revised Version
Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

World English Bible
"Now these are the ordinances which you shall set before them.

Young's Literal Translation
And these are the judgments which thou dost set before them:
Study Bible
Laws for Servants
1"Now these are the ordinances which you are to set before them: 2"If you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve for six years; but on the seventh he shall go out as a free man without payment.…
Cross References
Exodus 24:3
Then Moses came and recounted to the people all the words of the LORD and all the ordinances; and all the people answered with one voice and said, "All the words which the LORD has spoken we will do!"

Exodus 24:4
Moses wrote down all the words of the LORD. Then he arose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain with twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel.

Deuteronomy 4:14
"The LORD commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that you might perform them in the land where you are going over to possess it.

Deuteronomy 6:1
"Now this is the commandment, the statutes and the judgments which the LORD your God has commanded me to teach you, that you might do them in the land where you are going over to possess it,
Treasury of Scripture

Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them.

the judgments

Leviticus 18:5,26 You shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if …

Leviticus 19:37 Therefore shall you observe all my statutes, and all my judgments, …

Leviticus 20:22 You shall therefore keep all my statutes, and all my judgments, and …

Numbers 35:24 Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the revenger …

Deuteronomy 5:1,31 And Moses called all Israel, and said to them, Hear, O Israel, the …

Deuteronomy 6:20 And when your son asks you in time to come, saying, What mean the …

1 Kings 6:12 Concerning this house which you are in building, if you will walk …

2 Chronicles 19:10 And what cause soever shall come to you of your brothers that dwell …

Nehemiah 9:13,14 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, …

Nehemiah 10:29 They joined to their brothers, their nobles, and entered into a curse, …

Psalm 147:19 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel.

Ezekiel 20:11,25 And I gave them my statutes, and showed them my judgments, which …

Malachi 4:4 Remember you the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded to him …

which

Exodus 19:7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid …

Exodus 24:3,4 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and …

Deuteronomy 4:5,8 Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD …

Deuteronomy 6:20 And when your son asks you in time to come, saying, What mean the …

Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: …

1 Thessalonians 4:1 Furthermore then we beseech you, brothers, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus…

XXI.

LAWS CONCERNING THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS.

(1) These are the judgments.--"The laws" (Knobel), "the rights" (Keil), "the rules which shall guide judicial decisions" (Pool). The paraphrase alone gives the full meaning.

Verse 1. - These are the judgments. The term "judgment" applies most properly to the decisions of courts and the laws founded upon them. No doubt the laws contained in the "Book of the Covenant" were to a large extent old laws, which had been often acted on; but we should do wrong to suppose that there was nothing new in the legislation. The Hebrew mishphat is used with some vagueness. Vers 2-11. - Now these are the judgments,.... The judicial laws respecting the civil state of the people of Israel, so called because they are founded on justice and equity, and are according to the judgment of God, whose judgment is according to truth; and because they are such by which the commonwealth of Israel was to be judged or governed, and were to be the rule of their conduct to one another, and a rule of judgment to their judges in the execution of judgment and justice among them:

which thou shall set before them; besides the ten commands before delivered. They were spoken by God himself in the hearing of the people; these were delivered to Moses after he went up to the mount again, at the request of the people, to be their mediator, to be by him set before them as the rule of their behaviour, and to enjoin them the observance of them; in order to which he was not only to rehearse them, but to write them out, and set them in a plain and easy light before them: and though they did not hear these with their own ears from God himself, as the ten commands; yet, as they had the utmost reason to believe they came from him, and it was at their own request that he, and not God, might speak unto them what was further to be said, with a promise they would obey it, as if they had immediately heard it from him; it became them to receive these laws as of God, and yield a cheerful obedience to them; nor do we find they ever questioned the authority of them; and as their government was a Theocracy, and God was more immediately their King than he was of any other people, it was but right, and what might be expected, that they should have their civil laws from him, and which was their privilege, and gave them the preference to all other nations, Deuteronomy 4:5. CHAPTER 21

Ex 21:1-6. Laws for Menservants.

1. judgments—rules for regulating the procedure of judges and magistrates in the decision of cases and the trial of criminals. The government of the Israelites being a theocracy, those public authorities were the servants of the Divine Sovereign, and subject to His direction. Most of these laws here noticed were primitive usages, founded on principles of natural equity, and incorporated, with modifications and improvements, in the Mosaic code.21:1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.
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