Exodus 21:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death.

New Living Translation
"Anyone who dishonors father or mother must be put to death.

English Standard Version
“Whoever curses his father or his mother shall be put to death.

New American Standard Bible
"He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

King James Bible
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Whoever curses his father or his mother must be put to death."

International Standard Version
"Whoever curses his father or his mother is certainly to be put to death.

NET Bible
"Whoever treats his father or his mother disgracefully must surely be put to death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whoever curses his father or mother must be put to death.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In the same manner he that curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

King James 2000 Bible
And he that curses his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

American King James Version
And he that curses his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

American Standard Version
And he that curseth his father or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that curseth his father, or mother, shall die the death.

Darby Bible Translation
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall certainly be put to death.

English Revised Version
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

World English Bible
"Anyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

Young's Literal Translation
'And he who is reviling his father or his mother is certainly put to death.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 17. - He that curseth his father, etc. Blasphemy against God, and imprecations upon parents, were the only two sins of the tongue which the law expressly required to be punished with death (Leviticus 24:16). In later times analogy was held to require that "cursing the ruler of the people" (Exodus 22:28) should be visited with the same penalty (2 Samuel 19:22; 1 Kings 2:8, 9, 46). The severity of the sentence indicates that in God' s sight such sins are of the deepest dye.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he that curseth his father, or his mother,.... Though he does not smite them with his hand, or with any instrument in it, yet if he smites them with his tongue, reviles and reproaches them, speaks evil of them, wishes dreadful imprecations upon them, curses them by the name explained, as the Targum of Jonathan calls it, by the name Jehovah, wishing the Lord would curse them, or that his curse might light upon them, see Proverbs 20:20,

shall surely be put to death; or be killed with casting stones on him, as the Targum of Jonathan, or with stoning; so Jarchi, who observes, that wherever it is said, "his blood be upon him", it is meant of stoning, as it is of the man that curses his father or his mother, Leviticus 20:9 which was after this manner, the place of stoning was two cubits high, to which the malefactor with his hands bound was brought; from whence one of the witnesses against him cast him down headlong, of which, if he did not die, then they took up stones and cast on him, and if he died not through them, then all Israel came and stoned him; that is, the multitude upon the spot: this verse in the Septuagint version follows Exodus 21:15, with which it agrees, both respecting the same persons.



Exodus 21:17 Additional Commentaries
Context
Personal Injury Laws
16"He who kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his possession, shall surely be put to death. 17"He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. 18"If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but remains in bed,…
Cross References
Matthew 15:4
For God said, 'Honor your father and mother' and 'Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death.'

Mark 7:10
For Moses said, 'Honor your father and mother,' and, 'Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death.'

Exodus 21:18
"If people quarrel and one person hits another with a stone or with their fist and the victim does not die but is confined to bed,

Leviticus 20:9
"'Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death. Because they have cursed their father or mother, their blood will be on their own head.

Deuteronomy 27:16
"Cursed is anyone who dishonors their father or mother." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"

Proverbs 20:20
If someone curses their father or mother, their lamp will be snuffed out in pitch darkness.

Proverbs 30:11
"There are those who curse their fathers and do not bless their mothers;
Treasury of Scripture

And he that curses his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

curseth or veliteth

Leviticus 20:9 For every one that curses his father or his mother shall be surely …

Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed be he that sets light by his father or his mother. And all …

Proverbs 20:20 Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out …

Proverbs 30:11,17 There is a generation that curses their father, and does not bless …

Matthew 15:3-6 But he answered and said to them, Why do you also transgress the …

Mark 7:10,11 For Moses said, Honor your father and your mother; and, Whoever curses …

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