Exodus 21:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Whoever curses his father or his mother shall be put to death.

King James Bible
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

American Standard Version
And he that curseth his father or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that curseth his father, or mother, shall die the death.

English Revised Version
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Exodus 21:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The daughter of an Israelite, who had been sold by her father as a maid-servant (לאמה), i.e., as the sequel shows, as a housekeeper and concubine, stood in a different relation to her master's house. She was not to go out like the men-servants, i.e., not to be sent away as free at the end of six years of service; but the three following regulations, which are introduced by אם (Exodus 21:8), ואם (Exodus 21:9), and ואם (Exodus 21:11), were to be observed with regard to her. In the first place (Exodus 21:8), "if she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed." The לא before יעדהּ is one of the fifteen cases in which לא has been marked in the Masoretic text as standing for לו; and it cannot possibly signify not in the passage before us. For if it were to be taken as a negative, "that he do not appoint her," sc., as a concubine for himself, the pronoun לו would certainly not be omitted. הפדּהּ (for הפדּהּ, see Ges. 53, Note 6), to let her be redeemed, i.e., to allow another Israelite to buy her as a concubine; for there can hardly have been any thought of redemption on the part of the father, as it would no doubt be poverty alone that caused him to sell his daughter (Leviticus 25:39). But "to sell her unto a strange nation (i.e., to any one but a Hebrew), he shall have no power, if he acts unfaithfully towards her," i.e., if he do not grant her the promised marriage. In the second place (Exodus 21:9, Exodus 21:10), "if he appoint her as his son's wife, he shall act towards her according to the rights of daughters," i.e., treat her as a daughter; "and if he take him (the son) another (wife), - whether because the son was no longer satisfied, or because the father gave the son another wife in addition to her - "her food (שׁאר flesh as the chief article of food, instead of לחם, bread, because the lawgiver had persons of property in his mind, who were in a position to keep concubines), her raiment, and her duty of marriage he shall not diminish," i.e., the claims which she had as a daughter for support, and as his son's wife for conjugal rights, were not to be neglected; he was not to allow his son, therefore, to put her away or treat her badly. With this explanation the difficulties connected with every other are avoided. For instance, if we refer the words of Exodus 21:9 to the son, and understand them as meaning, "if the son should take another wife," we introduce a change of subject without anything to indicate it. If, on the other hand, we regard them as meaning, "if the father (the purchaser) should take to himself another wife," this ought to have come before Exodus 21:9. In the third place (Exodus 21:11), "if he do not (do not grant) these three unto her, she shall go out for nothing, without money." "These three" are food, clothing, and conjugal rights, which are mentioned just before; not "si eam non desponderit sibi nec filio, nec redimi sit passus" (Rabbins and others), nor "if he did not give her to his son as a concubine, but diminished her," as Knobel explains it.

Exodus 21:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

curseth or veliteth

Leviticus 20:9 For every one that curses his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he has cursed his father or his mother...

Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed be he that sets light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Proverbs 20:20 Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Proverbs 30:11,17 There is a generation that curses their father, and does not bless their mother...

Matthew 15:3-6 But he answered and said to them, Why do you also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition...

Mark 7:10,11 For Moses said, Honor your father and your mother; and, Whoever curses father or mother, let him die the death...

Cross References
Matthew 15:4
For God commanded, 'Honor your father and your mother,' and, 'Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.'

Mark 7:10
For Moses said, 'Honor your father and your mother'; and, 'Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.'

Exodus 21:18
"When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist and the man does not die but takes to his bed,

Leviticus 20:9
For anyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death; he has cursed his father or his mother; his blood is upon him.

Deuteronomy 27:16
"'Cursed be anyone who dishonors his father or his mother.' And all the people shall say, 'Amen.'

Proverbs 20:20
If one curses his father or his mother, his lamp will be put out in utter darkness.

Proverbs 30:11
There are those who curse their fathers and do not bless their mothers.

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