Exodus 21:33
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"If anyone uncovers a pit or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

New Living Translation
"Suppose someone digs or uncovers a pit and fails to cover it, and then an ox or a donkey falls into it.

English Standard Version
“When a man opens a pit, or when a man digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

New American Standard Bible
"If a man opens a pit, or digs a pit and does not cover it over, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

King James Bible
And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man uncovers a pit or digs a pit, and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

International Standard Version
If a man opens a pit or digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or donkey falls into it,

NET Bible
"If a man opens a pit or if a man digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

New Heart English Bible
"If a man opens a pit, or if a man digs a pit and doesn't cover it, and a bull or a donkey falls into it,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whenever someone opens up a cistern or digs a new one and doesn't cover it and a bull or a donkey falls into it,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein,

New American Standard 1977
“And if a man opens a pit, or digs a pit and does not cover it over, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if someone shall open a pit or if someone shall dig a pit and not cover it and an ox or an ass falls in it,

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or a donkey fall in it;

American King James Version
And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

American Standard Version
And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man open a pit, and dig one, and cover it not, and an ox or an ass fall into it,

Darby Bible Translation
-- And if a man open a pit, or if a man dig a pit, and do not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall into it,

English Revised Version
And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein,

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass shall fall into it;

World English Bible
"If a man opens a pit, or if a man digs a pit and doesn't cover it, and a bull or a donkey falls into it,

Young's Literal Translation
'And when a man doth open a pit, or when a man doth dig a pit, and doth not cover it, and an ox or ass hath fallen thither, --
Study Bible
Laws about Restitution
32"If the ox gores a male or female slave, the owner shall give his or her master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. 33"If a man opens a pit, or digs a pit and does not cover it over, and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34the owner of the pit shall make restitution; he shall give money to its owner, and the dead animal shall become his.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:32
"If the ox gores a male or female slave, the owner shall give his or her master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

Exodus 21:34
the owner of the pit shall make restitution; he shall give money to its owner, and the dead animal shall become his.
Treasury of Scripture

And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

Psalm 9:15 The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which …

Psalm 119:85 The proud have dig pits for me, which are not after your law.

Proverbs 28:10 Whoever causes the righteous to go astray in an evil way, he shall …

Ecclesiastes 10:8 He that digs a pit shall fall into it; and whoever breaks an hedge, …

Jeremiah 18:20,22 Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have dig a pit for my …

LAWS CONCERNING THE RIGHTS OF PROPERTY.

(33-36) The legislation slides from rights of persons to rights of property easily and without effort, by passing from the injuries which cattle cause to those which they suffer. They are injured (1) by the culpable laches of persons leaving their pits uncovered; (2) by hurts which one man's cattle inflict upon another's. Both kinds of loss have to be made good.

(33) If a man shall open a pit.--Rather, uncover a well. The wells in the East commonly have covers, which are removed when water is drawn, and then replaced. If a man neglected to replace a cover, he was rightly answerable for any damage that might ensue. The case was the same if he dug a new well, and neglected to cover it over.

Verse 33. - If a man shall open a pit. Rather, "If a man shall uncover a cistern." Cisterns, very necessary in Palestine, were usually closed by a flat-stone, or a number of planks. To obtain water from them, they had to be uncovered; but it was the duty of the man who uncovered them, to replace the covering when his wants were satisfied. Or dig a pit and not cover it. A man who was making a cistern might neglect to cover it while it was in course of construction, or even afterwards, if he thought his own cattle would take no hurt. But in the unfenced fields of Palestine it was always possible that a neighbour' s cattle might go astray and suffer injury through such a piece of negligence. An ox, or an ass, falling into a cistern, would be unable to extricate itself, and might be drowned. If a man shall open a pit,.... That has been dug in time past, and filled up again, or take the covering from it, and leave it uncovered: "or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it": a new one, in the street, as the Targum of Jonathan; or in a public place, as Jarchi and Aben Ezra; otherwise a man might dig one for water, in his own fields, in enclosed places, where there was no danger of cattle coming thither, and falling therein:

and an ox or an ass fall therein; or any other beast, as Jarchi observes; for these are mentioned only as instances, and are put for all others. Maimonides (s) says,"if a man digs a pit in a public place, and an ox or ass fall into it and die, though the pit is full of shorn wool, and the like, the owner of the pit is bound to pay the whole damage; and this pit (he says) must be ten hands deep; if it is less than that, and an ox, or any other beast or fowl fall into it and die, he is free,''

(s) Hilchot Niske Maimon. c. 12. sect, 1, 10. so Bartenora in Misn. Bava Kama, c. 1. sect. 1.21:22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.
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