Exodus 21:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But if anyone schemes and kills someone deliberately, that person is to be taken from my altar and put to death.

New Living Translation
However, if someone deliberately kills another person, then the slayer must be dragged even from my altar and be put to death.

English Standard Version
But if a man willfully attacks another to kill him by cunning, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

New American Standard Bible
"If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.

King James Bible
But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a person schemes and willfully acts against his neighbor to murder him, you must take him from My altar to be put to death."

International Standard Version
If a man acts deliberately against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you are to take him to die even if he's at my altar.

NET Bible
But if a man willfully attacks his neighbor to kill him cunningly, you will take him even from my altar that he may die.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But whenever someone becomes so angry that he plans to kill his neighbor, you must take him away from my altar and put him to death.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But if a man comes presumptuously upon his neighbour to slay him with prudence, thou shalt take him from my altar that he may die.

King James 2000 Bible
But if a man comes presumptuously upon his neighbor, to slay him with guile; you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

American King James Version
But if a man come presumptuously on his neighbor, to slay him with guile; you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

American Standard Version
And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbor, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man kill his neighbour on set purpose and by lying in wait for him: thou shalt take him away from my altar, that he may die.

Darby Bible Translation
But if a man act wantonly toward his neighbour, and slay him with guile, thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

English Revised Version
And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if a man shall come presumptuously upon his neighbor, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from my altar, that he may die.

World English Bible
If a man schemes and comes presumptuously on his neighbor to kill him, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when a man doth presume against his neighbour to slay him with subtilty, from Mine altar thou dost take him to die.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - Presumptuously. Or "proudly," "arrogantly." Thou shalt take him from mine altar. See the comment on ver. 12.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile,.... That comes with malice in his heart, with wrath in his countenance, in a bold, daring, hostile manner, using all the art, cunning, and contrivance he can, to take away the life of his neighbour; no asylum, no refuge, not anything to screen him from justice is to be allowed him: hence, a messenger of the sanhedrim, or an executioner, one that inflicts the forty stripes, save one, or a physician, or one that chastises his son or scholar, under whose hands persons may die, do not come under this law; for though what they do they may do wilfully, yet not with guile, as Jarchi and others observe, not with an ill design, but for good:

thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die: that being the place which in early times criminals had recourse unto, Joab and others, as well as in later times, to secure them from vengeance; but a man guilty of wilful murder was not to be protected in this way; and the Targum of Jonathan is,"though he is a priest, (the Jerusalem Targum has it, an high priest,) and ministers at mine altar, thou shalt take him from thence, and slay him with the sword,''so Jarchi; but the law refers not to a person ministering in his office at the altar of the Lord, but to one that should flee there for safety, which yet he should not have.



Exodus 21:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
Personal Injury Laws
13"But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee. 14"If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die. 15"He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:15
"Anyone who attacks their father or mother is to be put to death.

Numbers 35:16
"'If anyone strikes someone a fatal blow with an iron object, that person is a murderer; the murderer is to be put to death.

Numbers 35:20
If anyone with malice aforethought shoves another or throws something at them intentionally so that they die

Deuteronomy 19:11
But if out of hate someone lies in wait, assaults and kills a neighbor, and then flees to one of these cities,

Deuteronomy 19:12
the killer shall be sent for by the town elders, be brought back from the city, and be handed over to the avenger of blood to die.

1 Kings 2:28
When the news reached Joab, who had conspired with Adonijah though not with Absalom, he fled to the tent of the LORD and took hold of the horns of the altar.

1 Kings 2:29
King Solomon was told that Joab had fled to the tent of the LORD and was beside the altar. Then Solomon ordered Benaiah son of Jehoiada, "Go, strike him down!"

1 Kings 2:31
Then the king commanded Benaiah, "Do as he says. Strike him down and bury him, and so clear me and my whole family of the guilt of the innocent blood that Joab shed.

Proverbs 28:17
Anyone tormented by the guilt of murder will seek refuge in the grave; let no one hold them back.
Treasury of Scripture

But if a man come presumptuously on his neighbor, to slay him with guile; you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

presumptuously

Numbers 15:30,31 But the soul that does ought presumptuously, whether he be born in …

Deuteronomy 1:43 So I spoke to you; and you would not hear, but rebelled against the …

Deuteronomy 17:12,13 And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not listen to the …

Deuteronomy 18:22 When a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow …

Deuteronomy 19:11-13 But if any man hate his neighbor, and lie in wait for him, and rise …

1 Kings 2:29-34 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled to the tabernacle …

Psalm 19:13 Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not …

Hebrews 10:26 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge …

2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, …

slay

Numbers 35:20,21 But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die…

Deuteronomy 27:24 Cursed be he that smites his neighbor secretly. And all the people …

2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the …

2 Samuel 20:9,10 And Joab said to Amasa, Are you in health, my brother? And Joab took …

take him

1 Kings 1:50,51 And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and …

1 Kings 2:28-34 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though …

2 Kings 11:15 But Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the …

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Alphabetical: a acts altar and another are as away But craftily death deliberately die even from he him his however if kill kills man may my neighbor presumptuously put schemes so take that to toward you

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