Exodus 21:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But if anyone schemes and kills someone deliberately, that person is to be taken from my altar and put to death.

New Living Translation
However, if someone deliberately kills another person, then the slayer must be dragged even from my altar and be put to death.

English Standard Version
But if a man willfully attacks another to kill him by cunning, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

New American Standard Bible
"If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.

King James Bible
But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a person schemes and willfully acts against his neighbor to murder him, you must take him from My altar to be put to death."

International Standard Version
If a man acts deliberately against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you are to take him to die even if he's at my altar.

NET Bible
But if a man willfully attacks his neighbor to kill him cunningly, you will take him even from my altar that he may die.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But whenever someone becomes so angry that he plans to kill his neighbor, you must take him away from my altar and put him to death.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from Mine altar, that he may die.

New American Standard 1977
“If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But if a man comes presumptuously upon his neighbour to slay him with prudence, thou shalt take him from my altar that he may die.

King James 2000 Bible
But if a man comes presumptuously upon his neighbor, to slay him with guile; you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

American King James Version
But if a man come presumptuously on his neighbor, to slay him with guile; you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

American Standard Version
And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbor, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man kill his neighbour on set purpose and by lying in wait for him: thou shalt take him away from my altar, that he may die.

Darby Bible Translation
But if a man act wantonly toward his neighbour, and slay him with guile, thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

English Revised Version
And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if a man shall come presumptuously upon his neighbor, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from my altar, that he may die.

World English Bible
If a man schemes and comes presumptuously on his neighbor to kill him, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when a man doth presume against his neighbour to slay him with subtilty, from Mine altar thou dost take him to die.
Study Bible
Personal Injury Laws
13"But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee. 14"If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die. 15"He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.…
Word Study

But if a man
'iysh  (eesh)
a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation)

come presumptuously
zuwd  (zood)
to seethe; figuratively, to be insolent -- be proud, deal proudly, presume, (come) presumptuously, sod.

upon his neighbour
rea`  (ray'-ah)
an associate (more or less close) -- brother, companion, fellow, friend, husband, lover, neighbour, (an-)other.

to slay
harag  (haw-rag')
to smite with deadly intent -- destroy, out of hand, kill, murder(-er), put to (death), make (slaughter), slay(-er), surely.

him with guile
`ormah  (or-maw')
trickery; or (in a good sense) discretion -- guile, prudence, subtilty, wilily, wisdom.

thou shalt take
laqach  (law-kakh')
to take (in the widest variety of applications)

him from mine altar
mizbeach  (miz-bay'-akh)
an altar -- altar.

that he may die
muwth  (mooth)
causatively, to kill

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.
Cross References
Exodus 21:15
"He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:16
'But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:20
If he pushed him of hatred, or threw something at him lying in wait and as a result he died,

Deuteronomy 19:11
"But if there is a man who hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him and rises up against him and strikes him so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities,

Deuteronomy 19:12
then the elders of his city shall send and take him from there and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.

1 Kings 2:28
Now the news came to Joab, for Joab had followed Adonijah, although he had not followed Absalom. And Joab fled to the tent of the LORD and took hold of the horns of the altar.

1 Kings 2:29
It was told King Solomon that Joab had fled to the tent of the LORD, and behold, he is beside the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, "Go, fall upon him."

1 Kings 2:31
The king said to him, "Do as he has spoken and fall upon him and bury him, that you may remove from me and from my father's house the blood which Joab shed without cause.

Proverbs 28:17
A man who is laden with the guilt of human blood Will be a fugitive until death; let no one support him.
Treasury of Scripture

But if a man come presumptuously on his neighbor, to slay him with guile; you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

presumptuously

Numbers 15:30,31 But the soul that does ought presumptuously, whether he be born in …

Deuteronomy 1:43 So I spoke to you; and you would not hear, but rebelled against the …

Deuteronomy 17:12,13 And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not listen to the …

Deuteronomy 18:22 When a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow …

Deuteronomy 19:11-13 But if any man hate his neighbor, and lie in wait for him, and rise …

1 Kings 2:29-34 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled to the tabernacle …

Psalm 19:13 Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not …

Hebrews 10:26 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge …

2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, …

slay

Numbers 35:20,21 But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die…

Deuteronomy 27:24 Cursed be he that smites his neighbor secretly. And all the people …

2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the …

2 Samuel 20:9,10 And Joab said to Amasa, Are you in health, my brother? And Joab took …

take him

1 Kings 1:50,51 And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and …

1 Kings 2:28-34 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though …

2 Kings 11:15 But Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the …

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