1 Kings 1:50
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

New Living Translation
Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, so he rushed to the sacred tent and grabbed on to the horns of the altar.

English Standard Version
And Adonijah feared Solomon. So he arose and went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

New American Standard Bible
And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

King James Bible
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, so he got up and went to take hold of the horns of the altar.

International Standard Version
Afraid of Solomon, Adonijah also jumped up and headed straight for the horns of the altar.

NET Bible
Adonijah feared Solomon, so he got up and went and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar.

New Heart English Bible
Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Adonijah was afraid of Solomon. He got up, went [to the tent of meeting,] and took hold of the horns of the altar.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

New American Standard 1977
And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Adonijah, fearing the presence of Solomon, arose and went and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

King James 2000 Bible
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold of the horns of the altar.

American King James Version
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

American Standard Version
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Adonias fearing Solomon, arose, and went, and took hold on the horn of the altar.

Darby Bible Translation
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose and went and caught hold of the horns of the altar.

English Revised Version
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

World English Bible
Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Young's Literal Translation
and Adonijah feareth because of Solomon, and riseth, and goeth, and layeth hold on the horns of the altar.
Study Bible
Adonijah Informed of Solomon's Kingship
49Then all the guests of Adonijah were terrified; and they arose and each went on his way. 50And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took hold of the horns of the altar. 51Now it was told Solomon, saying, "Behold, Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon, for behold, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, 'Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.'"…
Cross References
Exodus 27:2
"You shall make its horns on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.

Exodus 30:10
"Aaron shall make atonement on its horns once a year; he shall make atonement on it with the blood of the sin offering of atonement once a year throughout your generations. It is most holy to the LORD."

1 Kings 1:49
Then all the guests of Adonijah were terrified; and they arose and each went on his way.

1 Kings 1:51
Now it was told Solomon, saying, "Behold, Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon, for behold, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, 'Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.'"

1 Kings 2:28
Now the news came to Joab, for Joab had followed Adonijah, although he had not followed Absalom. And Joab fled to the tent of the LORD and took hold of the horns of the altar.

Ezekiel 43:15
"The altar hearth shall be four cubits; and from the altar hearth shall extend upwards four horns.
Treasury of Scripture

And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

caught

1 Kings 2:28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though …

Exodus 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously on his neighbor, to slay him with …

Exodus 38:2 And he made the horns thereof on the four corners of it; the horns …

Psalm 118:27 God is the LORD, which has showed us light: bind the sacrifice with …

(50) The horns of the altar.--The horns were projections from the altar, to which (see Psalm 118:27) the victims were fastened, and on which the blood was sprinkled (Exodus 29:12). To take hold of them was, of course, to claim the right of sanctuary--a right, however, which the Law, ruled as usual by moral considerations, formally denied to wilful murder (Exodus 21:14), and which accordingly (see 1Kings 2:30-31) was refused hereafter to Joab. Adonijah, by the acknowledgment of "King Solomon," seems to represent his usurpation as one of those acts of haste and inadvertency, to which alone sanctuary was conceded.

Verse 50. - And Adonijah feared because of Solomon and he arose and went and caught hold of the horns of the altar. [Cf. 1 Kings 2:28. Probably the altar of Mount Zion, 1 Kings 3:15; 2 Samuel 6:17. Though it is impossible to say positively whether this or the altar at Gibeon (chap. 3:4) or that recently erected on the threshing floor of Araunah (2 Samuel 24:25) is meant. For the "horns," see Exodus 27:2; Exodus 38:2; and compare Exodus 30:2. They were of shittim (i.e., acacia) wood overlaid with brass, and served a double purpose. Victims were bound to them (Psalm 118:27), and blood was put upon them, Exodus 29:12. As to the altar as a place of sanctuary, see on 1 Kings 2:28. Evidently a right of sanctuary existed amongst both Jews and Gentiles at the time of the Exodus, and probably from time immemorial. It is referred to in Exodus 21:14, but it was much circumscribed by the appointment of the cities of refuge (Numbers 35:10 sqq.) By "laying hold of the horns the offender thereby placed himself under the protection of the saving and helping grace of God" (Bahr, "Symbolik," 1:474) And Adonijah feared because of Solomon,.... Lest he should seize him as an usurper and traitor, and put him to death:

and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar; either that which was at Gibeon, where the tabernacle now was; see 1 Kings 3:4; so Jarchi; or rather that which was nearest, the altar that David had built in the threshingfloor of Araunah, 2 Samuel 24:25; the altar was a sort of asylum, or refuge, for such who had committed any crime worthy of death; not by divine appointment, but by custom, it being supposed that none would presume to defile with blood that which was sacred to the Lord; or shed the blood of men where the blood of beasts was poured; or use severity and strict justice, but mercy, where sacrifices were offered to atone for sin, and mercy was shown on account of them; these were notions, and this a custom, which obtained very early, and even among the Jews; see Exodus 21:14; as well as among Gentiles; with whom it was usual, as to flee to the statues of their emperors, and to the temples of their deities, so likewise to their altars; this was customary among the Molossians, Samothracians, Crotoniatae, and Messenians; and particularly the altar of Jupiter Servator was an asylum, or place of refuge, to the Ithacians (l). Cornelius Nepos (m) has given us an instance of one that fled to a temple of Neptune, and sat upon the altar for his security, as here Adonijah laid hold on the horns of this, that none might force him from it.

(l) Alexander ab Alex. Genial. Dier. l. 3. c. 20. (m) Vit. Pausan l. 4. c. 4. 1Ki 1:50-53. Adonijah, Fleeing to the Horns of the Altar, Is Dismissed by Solomon.

50-53. Adonijah … went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar—most probably the altar of burnt offering which had been erected on Mount Zion, where Abiathar, one of his partisans, presided as high priest. The horns or projections at the four corners of the altar, to which the sacrifices were bound, and which were tipped with the blood of the victim, were symbols of grace and salvation to the sinner. Hence the altar was regarded as a sanctuary (Ex 21:14), but not to murderers, rebels, or deliberate perpetrators. Adonijah, having acted in opposition to the will of the reigning king, was guilty of rebellion, and stood self-condemned. Solomon spared his life on the express condition of his good behavior—living in strict privacy, leading a quiet, peaceable life, and meddling with the affairs of neither the court nor the kingdom.1:32-53 The people expressed great joy and satisfaction in the elevation of Solomon. Every true Israelite rejoices in the exaltation of the Son of David. Combinations formed upon evil principles will soon be dissolved, when self-interest calls another way. How can those who do evil deeds expect to have good tidings? Adonijah had despised Solomon, but soon dreaded him. We see here, as in a glass, Jesus, the Son of David and the Son of God, exalted to the throne of glory, notwithstanding all his enemies. His kingdom is far greater than that of his father David, and therein all the true people of God cordially rejoice. The prosperity of his cause is vexation and terror to his enemies. No horns of the altar, nor forms of godliness, nor pretences to religion, can profit those who will not submit to His authority, and accept of his salvation; and if their submission be hypocritical, they shall perish without remedy.
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