1 Kings 1:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When King David was very old, he could not keep warm even when they put covers over him.

New Living Translation
King David was now very old, and no matter how many blankets covered him, he could not keep warm.

English Standard Version
Now King David was old and advanced in years. And although they covered him with clothes, he could not get warm.

New American Standard Bible
Now King David was old, advanced in age; and they covered him with clothes, but he could not keep warm.

King James Bible
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now King David was old and getting on in years. Although they covered him with bedclothes, he could not get warm.

International Standard Version
When David had grown very old, they covered him with blankets, but he could not keep warm,

NET Bible
King David was very old; even when they covered him with blankets, he could not get warm.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
King David had grown old, and although he was covered with blankets, he couldn't get warm.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now king David was old and stricken in years, and they covered him with clothes, but he did not become warm.

King James 2000 Bible
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.

American King James Version
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.

American Standard Version
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now king David was old, and advanced in years: and when he was covered with clothes, he was not warm.

Darby Bible Translation
And king David was old [and] advanced in age; and they covered him with clothes, but he obtained no warmth.

English Revised Version
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now king David was old and advanced in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.

World English Bible
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he couldn't keep warm.

Young's Literal Translation
And king David is old, entering into days, and they cover him with garments, and he hath no heat,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-4 We have David sinking under infirmities. He was chastised for his recent sins, and felt the effects of his former toils and hardships.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Now [Hebrews and, but "now" more nearly expresses the import of the original, for ו has here little or no connecting force. It is commonly found at the beginning of a book (as in Exodus, Leviticus, Joshua, Judges, 2 Samuel, Ruth, etc.), and that where there is no connection whatever with any earlier writing (as in Esther, Ezekiel, Jonah, etc.) It can hardly imply, therefore, "that the historian regards his work as a continuation of a preceding history" (Rawlinson), nor is there any need to suppose that it has been taken from a writing containing the earlier history of David." Keil] King [Hebrews the king. The frequent use of this title, "King David," "King Solomon," "King Asa," etc., is characteristic of our author. The expression is not unknown in 2 Samuel, but it occurs so rarely as to constitute a distinction (not a link, as Wordsworth) between that book and the Kings.] David was old [yet 2 Samuel 5:4, 5, shows that he cannot have been more than seventy. (He was thirty at his accession; his reign at Hebron lasted seven years and a half; at Jerusalem thirty-three years.) Rawlinson says, "the Jews at this time were not long lived." Certainly, the Jewish kings were not. Only David, Solomon, and Manasses exceeded threescore] and stricken [Hebrews gone, i.e., advanced] in years. [A common expression, only found with זָקֵןas in Genesis 18:11; Genesis 24:1; Joshua 13:1, etc.] And they covered him with clothes [lit. coverings. בֶּגֶד is used of any covering, whether of the person (Genesis 39:12; 1 Kings 22:10), or the bed (1 Samuel 19:13), or even a table (Numbers 4:6). Indeed, the outer garment was used, at least by the poor, for a covering at night (Exodus 22:27). The context (ver. 47) shows that bedclothes are intended here] but he gat no heat. [A common experience of the aged. David's early hardships and later sorrows and anxieties appear to have aged him prematurely. Possibly he was also afflicted with disease.]

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Now King David was old, and stricken in years,.... Was seventy years of age; for he was thirty years of age when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years, 2 Samuel 5:4; this was just the age of man, Psalm 90:10;

and they covered him with clothes; not wearing apparel, but bed clothes; he seems to have been bedridden and paralytic:

but he got no heat; by them; having no natural heat in him, clothes could not communicate any to him, only keep the cold from him, see Haggai 1:6; there are many persons at the age he was, that are lively, healthful, and robust, comparatively speaking at least; but David's strength was impaired, and his natural force abated by his many wars, fatigues by night and day in campaigns, and the many sorrows and afflictions he met with from his family and his friends, as well as enemies; which exhausted his natural moisture, weakened his nerves, and drank up his spirits, and brought upon him the infirmities of a decrepit old age very soon.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

THE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS, COMMONLY CALLED THE THIRD BOOK OF THE KINGS. Commentary by Robert Jamieson

CHAPTER 1

1Ki 1:1-4. Abishag Cherishes David in His Extreme Age.

1, 2. Now king David was old—He was in the seventieth year of his age (2Sa 5:4, 5). But the wear and tear of a military life, bodily fatigue, and mental care, had prematurely, if we may say it, exhausted the energies of David's strong constitution (1Sa 16:12). In modern Palestine and Egypt the people, owing to the heat of the climate, sleep each in a "separate" bed. They only depart from this practice for medical reasons (Ec 4:11). The expedient recommended by David's physicians is the regimen still prescribed in similar cases in the East, particularly among the Arab population, not simply to give heat, but "to cherish," as they are aware that the inhalation of young breath will give new life and vigor to the worn-out frame. The fact of the health of the young and healthier person being, as it were, stolen to support that of the more aged and sickly is well established among the medical faculty. And hence the prescription for the aged king was made in a hygienic point of view for the prolongation of his valuable life, and not merely for the comfort to be derived from the natural warmth imparted to his withered frame [Porter, Tent and Khan]. The polygamy of the age and country may account for the introduction of this practice; and it is evident that Abishag was made a concubine or secondary wife to David (see on [282]1Ki 2:22).

1 Kings 1:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Abishag Cares for David
1Now King David was old, advanced in age; and they covered him with clothes, but he could not keep warm. 2So his servants said to him, "Let them seek a young virgin for my lord the king, and let her attend the king and become his nurse; and let her lie in your bosom, that my lord the king may keep warm."…
Cross References
2 Samuel 24:25
David built an altar to the LORD there and sacrificed burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. Then the LORD answered his prayer in behalf of the land, and the plague on Israel was stopped.

1 Kings 1:2
So his attendants said to him, "Let us look for a young virgin to serve the king and take care of him. She can lie beside him so that our lord the king may keep warm."

1 Kings 1:15
So Bathsheba went to see the aged king in his room, where Abishag the Shunammite was attending him.

1 Chronicles 23:1
When David was old and full of years, he made his son Solomon king over Israel.

Ecclesiastes 4:11
Also, if two lie down together, they will keep warm. But how can one keep warm alone?
Treasury of Scripture

Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.

old David was probably now about {sixty-nine} years of age. He was {thirty} years old when he began to reign, reigned {forty}, and {died} in his {seventieth} year; and the transactions mentioned here are supposed to have taken place about a year before his death. Sixty-nine was not an advanced age; but he had been exhausted with various fatigues, and especially family afflictions, so that he was much older in constitution than in years.

2 Samuel 5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

1 Chronicles 23:1 So when David was old and full of days, he made Solomon his son king …

1 Chronicles 29:27,28 And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years …

Psalm 90:10 The days of our years are three score years and ten; and if by reason …

and stricken in years [heb] and entered into days.

Genesis 18:11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased …

Genesis 24:1 And Abraham was old, and well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed …

Joshua 23:1,2 And it came to pass a long time after that the LORD had given rest …

Luke 1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they …

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