Deuteronomy 22:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When you build a new house, make a parapet around your roof so that you may not bring the guilt of bloodshed on your house if someone falls from the roof.

New Living Translation
"When you build a new house, you must build a railing around the edge of its flat roof. That way you will not be considered guilty of murder if someone falls from the roof.

English Standard Version
“When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof, that you may not bring the guilt of blood upon your house, if anyone should fall from it.

Berean Study Bible
If you build a new house, you are to construct a railing around your roof, so that you do not bring bloodguilt on your house if someone falls from it.

New American Standard Bible
"When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof, so that you will not bring bloodguilt on your house if anyone falls from it.

King James Bible
When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence.

Christian Standard Bible
If you build a new house, make a railing around your roof, so that you don't bring bloodguilt on your house if someone falls from it.

Contemporary English Version
If you build a house, make sure to put a low wall around the edge of the flat roof. Then if someone falls off the roof and is killed, it won't be your fault.

Good News Translation
"When you build a new house, be sure to put a railing around the edge of the roof. Then you will not be responsible if someone falls off and is killed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If you build a new house, make a railing around your roof, so that you don't bring bloodguilt on your house if someone falls from it.

International Standard Version
"When you build a new house, install a parapet along your roof so that if someone falls from the roof, you won't bring guilt of bloodshed on your house."

NET Bible
If you build a new house, you must construct a guard rail around your roof to avoid being culpable in the event someone should fall from it.

New Heart English Bible
When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for your roof, that you do not bring blood on your house, if any man fall from there.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whenever you build a new house, put a railing around the edge of the roof. Then you won't be responsible for a death at your home if someone falls off the roof.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a parapet for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thy house, if any man fall from thence.

New American Standard 1977
“When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof, that you may not bring bloodguilt on your house if anyone falls from it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When thou shall build a new house, then thou shalt make a parapet for thy roof that thou not bring blood upon thine house if anyone should fall from there.

King James 2000 Bible
When you build a new house, then you shall make a parapet for your roof, that you bring not the guilt of blood upon your house, if any man fall from there.

American King James Version
When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for your roof, that you bring not blood on your house, if any man fall from there.

American Standard Version
When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thy house, if any man fall from thence.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When thou buildest a new house, thou shalt make a battlement to the roof round about: lest blood be shed in thy house, and thou be guilty, if any one slip, and fall down headlong.

Darby Bible Translation
When thou buildest a new house, thou shalt make a parapet for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thy house, if any one should in any wise fall from it.

English Revised Version
When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence.

Webster's Bible Translation
When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou mayest not bring blood upon thy house, if any man shall fall from thence.

World English Bible
When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for your roof, that you don't bring blood on your house, if any man fall from there.

Young's Literal Translation
'When thou buildest a new house, then thou hast made a parapet to thy roof, and thou dost not put blood on thy house when one falleth from it.
Study Bible
Various Laws
7You may take the young, but be sure to let the mother go, so that that it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days. 8If you build a new house, you are to construct a railing around your roof, so that you do not bring bloodguilt on your house if someone falls from it. 9Do not plant your vineyard with two types of seed, or the entire harvest will be defiled—both the crop you plant and the fruit of your vineyard.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 22:7
You may take the young, but be sure to let the mother go, so that that it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days.

Deuteronomy 22:9
Do not plant your vineyard with two types of seed, or the entire harvest will be defiled--both the crop you plant and the fruit of your vineyard.

1 Samuel 9:25
And after they had come down from the high place into the city, Samuel spoke with Saul on the roof of his house.

2 Samuel 11:2
One evening David got up from his bed and strolled around on the roof of the palace. And from the roof he saw a woman bathing--a very beautiful woman.

Treasury of Scripture

When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for your roof, that you bring not blood on your house, if any man fall from there.

then thou shalt The eastern house being built with flat roofs, which were used for various purposed, as walking, sleeping, etc., it was therefore necessary to have a sort of battlement, or balustrade, to prevent accidents, by people falling off.

Exodus 21:28-36 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall …

Exodus 22:6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, …

Romans 14:13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather…

1 Corinthians 10:32 Give none offense, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor …

Philippians 1:10 That you may approve things that are excellent; that you may be sincere …

1 Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.

thy roof

2 Samuel 11:2 And it came to pass in an evening, that David arose from off his …

Isaiah 22:1 The burden of the valley of vision. What ails you now, that you are …

Jeremiah 19:13 And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, …

Matthew 10:27 What I tell you in darkness, that speak you in light: and what you …

Mark 2:4 And when they could not come near to him for the press, they uncovered …

Acts 10:9 On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew near to the …

thou bring

Ezekiel 3:18,20 When I say to the wicked, You shall surely die; and you give him …

Ezekiel 32:2-9 Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and …

Matthew 18:6,7 But whoever shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me…

Acts 20:26,27 Why I take you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all men…

(8) When thou buildest a new house.--Obviously the Law refers to houses with flat roofs, upon which it was customary to walk (1Samuel 9:25-26; 2Samuel 11:2).

Verse 8. - Still less was human life to be exposed to danger through neglect of proper precautions. The houses in Palestine, as in other parts of the East, had flat roofs, and, as these were much frequented by the inhabitants for various purposes (cf. Joshua 2:6; 2 Samuel 11:2; 2 Samuel 18:24; Nehemiah 8:16; Matthew 10:27; Acts 10:9), it was necessary that a battlement or balustrade should surround the roof, in order to prevent persons falling over. Hence the direction here given. When thou buildest a new house,.... Which is to be understood of a house to dwell in, not of a granary, barn, or stable, or such like, and every house that is not four cubits square, as Maimonides observes (f):

then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof; in the Talmud (g) it is asked, what is the meaning of, or why is it said, "thy roof?" to except synagogues and schools; the gloss upon which is, synagogues, &c. do not belong to any single person, and besides are no dwelling place. A battlement, as Jarrift describes it, was a fence round the roof; or, as more fully described by Kimchi (h), it was an edifice made for a roof round about it, ten hands high, or more, that a person might not fall from it; so Ben Melech from him. The reason of this law was, because the roofs of houses in those countries were flat, on which they used to walk for diversion and recreation, or retire for devotion, meditation, prayer, and social conversation; such they were in the times of the Canaanites, Joshua 2:6 and in the times of Saul and David, 1 Samuel 9:25 and in the times of the New Testament; See Gill on Matthew 10:27; see Gill on Matthew 24:17; see Gill on Mark 2:4; see Gill on Acts 10:9, and so in later times, and to this day. Rauwolff (i), traveller in those parts, relates, that at Tripoli in Phoenicia,"they have low houses, ill built, and flat at the top, as they are generally in the east; for they cover their houses with a flat roof or floor, so that you may walk about as far as the houses go, and the neighbours walk over the tops of their houses to visit one another; and sometimes in the summer they sleep on the top of them.''Now to prevent falling from thence, and mischief thereby, such a battlement as before described was ordered:

that thou bring not blood upon thy house; be not the occasion of blood being shed, or contract guilt of blood through negligence of such a provision the law directs to, the guilt of manslaughter, or of shedding innocent blood in thy house, as the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem; hence the Talmudists (k) extend this to other things, and by this law also they suppose men are bound to guard against all dangers in any other way; as if a man had a well or pit of water in his courtyard, he ought either to put a cover over it, or to make a fence round it as high as this battlement (l):

if any man fall from thence; that is, if a man walking on the roof of an house should make a slip or a false step, and stumble and reel, and so be falling, and fall from thence; which might have been prevented, even his falling from thence or to the ground, if such a battlement had been made.

(f) Hilchot Rotzeach, c. 11. sect. 1.((g) T. Bab. Cholin, fol. 136. 1. So Maimonides, ib. sect. 2.((h) Sepher Shorash. rad. (i) Travels, par. 1. c. 2. p. 17. Ed. Ray. (k) T. Bab. Bava Kama, fol. 15. 2.((l) Maimon. Hilchot Rotzeach, c. 11. sect. 4. 8. thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence—The tops of houses in ancient Judea, as in the East still, were flat, being composed of branches or twigs laid across large beams, and covered with a cement of clay or strong plaster. They were surrounded by a parapet breast high. In summer the roof is a favorite resort for coolness, and accidents would frequently happen from persons incautiously approaching the edge and falling into the street or court; hence it was a wise and prudent precaution in the Jewish legislator to provide that a stone balustrade or timber railing round the roof should form an essential part of every new house.22:5-12 God's providence extends itself to the smallest affairs, and his precepts do so, that even in them we may be in the fear of the Lord, as we are under his eye and care. Yet the tendency of these laws, which seem little, is such, that being found among the things of God's law, they are to be accounted great things. If we would prove ourselves to be God's people, we must have respect to his will and to his glory, and not to the vain fashions of the world. Even in putting on our garments, as in eating or in drinking, all must be done with a serious regard to preserve our own and others' purity in heart and actions. Our eye should be single, our heart simple, and our behaviour all of a piece.
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