Isaiah 22:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
A prophecy against the Valley of Vision: What troubles you now, that you have all gone up on the roofs,

New Living Translation
This message came to me concerning Jerusalem--the Valley of Vision: What is happening? Why is everyone running to the rooftops?

English Standard Version
The oracle concerning the valley of vision. What do you mean that you have gone up, all of you, to the housetops,

New American Standard Bible
The oracle concerning the valley of vision. What is the matter with you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops?

King James Bible
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
An oracle against the Valley of Vision: What's the matter with you? Why have all of you gone up to the rooftops?

International Standard Version
A message concerning the Valley of Vision. "What troubles you, now that you've all gone up to the rooftops,

NET Bible
Here is a message about the Valley of Vision: What is the reason that all of you go up to the rooftops?

New Heart English Bible
The burden of the valley of vision. What ails you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is the divine revelation about the valley of Vision. What's the matter with you? Why do all of you go up on the roofs?

JPS Tanakh 1917
The burden concerning the Valley of Vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops,

New American Standard 1977
The oracle concerning the valley of vision.
            What is the matter with you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops?

Jubilee Bible 2000
The burden of the valley of the vision. What ails thee now that thou art completely gone up to the housetops?

King James 2000 Bible
The burden concerning the valley of vision. What ails you now, that you are wholly gone up to the housetops?

American King James Version
The burden of the valley of vision. What ails you now, that you are wholly gone up to the housetops?

American Standard Version
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

Douay-Rheims Bible
THE burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee also, that thou too art wholly gone up to the housetops?

Darby Bible Translation
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

English Revised Version
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

Webster's Bible Translation
The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou hast wholly gone up to the house-tops?

World English Bible
The burden of the valley of vision. What ails you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops?

Young's Literal Translation
The burden of the Valley of Vision. What -- to thee, now, that thou hast gone up, All of thee -- to the roofs?
Study Bible
The Valley of Vision
1The oracle concerning the valley of vision. What is the matter with you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops? 2You who were full of noise, You boisterous town, you exultant city; Your slain were not slain with the sword, Nor did they die in battle.…
Cross References
Matthew 10:27
What I tell you in the dark, speak in the light; what is whispered in your ear, proclaim from the housetops.

Psalm 125:2
As the mountains surround Jerusalem, So the LORD surrounds His people From this time forth and forever.

Isaiah 15:3
In their streets they have girded themselves with sackcloth; On their housetops and in their squares Everyone is wailing, dissolved in tears.

Isaiah 22:5
For the Lord GOD of hosts has a day of panic, subjugation and confusion In the valley of vision, A breaking down of walls And a crying to the mountain.

Jeremiah 21:13
"Behold, I am against you, O valley dweller, O rocky plain," declares the LORD, "You men who say, 'Who will come down against us? Or who will enter into our habitations?'

Jeremiah 48:38
"On all the housetops of Moab and in its streets there is lamentation everywhere; for I have broken Moab like an undesirable vessel," declares the LORD.

Joel 3:12
Let the nations be aroused And come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat, For there I will sit to judge All the surrounding nations.

Joel 3:14
Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.
Treasury of Scripture

The burden of the valley of vision. What ails you now, that you are wholly gone up to the housetops?

A.M.cir.3292. B.C.cir.712
the valley. Jerusalem being situated in the midst of surrounding hills, and the seat of Divine revelation, is here termed 'the valley of vision'. This prophecy foretells the invasion of Jerusalem by the Assyrians under Sennacherib; and probably also, by the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar.

Psalm 125:2 As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the LORD is round …

of vision

1 Samuel 3:1 And the child Samuel ministered to the LORD before Eli. And the word …

Psalm 147:19,20 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel…

Proverbs 29:18 Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keeps the …

Micah 3:6 Therefore night shall be to you, that you shall not have a vision; …

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

Romans 9:4,5 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, …

what

Genesis 21:17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to …

Judges 18:23 And they cried to the children of Dan. And they turned their faces, …

1 Samuel 11:5 And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field; and Saul …

2 Samuel 14:5 And the king said to her, What ails you? And she answered, I am indeed …

2 Kings 6:28 And the king said to her, What ails you? And she answered, This woman …

Psalm 114:5 What ailed you, O you sea, that you fled? you Jordan, that you were driven back?

that thou. The eastern houses are built with a court within, into which chiefly the windows open; those that open to the street being so obstructed with lattice work, that no one can see through them. Whenever, therefore, anything is to be seen or heard in the streets, any public spectacle, or any alarm, everyone immediately goes up to the house-top to satisfy his curiosity. Hence all the people running to the top of their houses, gives a lively image of a sudden general alarm.

Isaiah 15:3 In their streets they shall gird themselves with sackcloth: on the …

Deuteronomy 22:8 When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for …

Jeremiah 48:38 There shall be lamentation generally on all the housetops of Moab, …

XXII.

(1) The burden of the valley of vision.--The "valley of vision" is Jerusalem, lying as it did (Jeremiah 21:13) in a valley, as compared with the hills round about it (Psalm 125:2). If we think of the prophet's dwelling as being in the lower city, in the valley of Tyropon, the epithet becomes still more appropriate. That valley would be to him in very deed a "valley of vision," where he saw things present and to come. Possibly the name became more characteristic from the impulse given to the prophetic dreams of all who claimed to be seers. The prophet looks out, and sees the people in a state of excitement, caused probably by the near approach of the Assyrian armies. They are "on the house-tops," the flat roofs of which were a customary place of concourse (Judges 16:27; Nehemiah 8:16), keeping their revels, as those do who meet the approach of danger with a reckless despair (Isaiah 22:13). By some commentators (Birks, Kay,) the "valley of vision" has been identified with Samaria.

Verses 1-14. - A PROPHECY AGAINST JERUSALEM. The prophet, present in Jerusalem, either actually, or at any rate in spirit, sees the inhabitants crowded together upon the housetops, in a state of boisterous merriment (vers. 1, 2). Outside the walls is a foreign army threatening the town (vers. 5-7). Preparations have been made for resistance, which are described (vers. 8-11); but there has been no turning to God. On the contrary, the danger has but made the bulk of the people reckless. Instead of humbling themselves and putting on sackcloth, and weeping, and appealing to God's mercy, they have determined to drown care in drink and sensual enjoyment (vers. 12, 13). Therefore the prophet is bidden to denounce woe upon them, and threaten that Jehovah will not forgive their recklessness until their death (ver. 14). There is nothing to mark very distinctly the nationality of the foreign army; but it is certainly represented as made up of contingents from many nations. Delitzsch holds that the Assyrian armies were never so made up, or, at any rate, that the nations here mentioned never served in its ranks ('Site of Paradise,' p. 237); but this is, perhaps, assuming that our knowledge on the subject is more complete and exact than is really the case. It is almost impossible to imagine any other army than the Assyrian besieging Jerusalem in Isaiah's time. Moreover, the particulars concerning the preparations made against the enemy (vers. 9-11) agree with those mentioned in 2 Chronicles 32:3-5 and 30 as made by Hezekiah against Sennacherib. And the second section of the chapter has certainly reference to this period. It seems, therefore, reasonable to regard the siege intended as that conducted by Sennacherib in his fourth year ( B.C. 701), of which we have a brief account in his annals (G. Smith, 'Eponym Canon,' p. 135, 11. 15-18). Verse 1. - The burden of the valley of vision. "The valley of vision" is only mentioned here and in ver. 5. It must have been one of the deep depressions near Jerusalem troll which there is a good view of the town. The LXX. render, "the burden of the valley of Zion." What aileth thee now? Jerusalem is addressed by the prophet, who assumes the role of a spectator, surprised at what he sees, and asks an explanation. That thou art wholly gone up to the housetops. Partly, no doubt, they went to watch the enemy and his movements, as Rosenmüller says; but still more for feasting and revelry (Judges 16:27; Nehemiah 8:16). The flat roofs of Oriental houses are often used as places of recreation and entertainment, especially in the evening (Shaw, 'Travels,' p. 211; Chardin, 'Voyages en Perse,' vol. 4. p. 116; Layard, 'Nineveh,' vol. 1. p. 177, etc.). The burden of the valley of vision,.... A prophecy concerning Jerusalem, so called, because it lay in a valley, encompassed about with mountains, and which was the habitation of the prophets or seers, and the seat of vision and prophecy; and perhaps there is an allusion to its name, which signifies the vision of peace, or they shall see peace. The Septuagint version calls it, "the word of the valley of Sion"; and the Arabic version,

"a prophecy concerning the inhabitants of the valley of Sion, to wit, the fields which are about Jerusalem.''

The Targum is,

"the burden of the prophecy concerning the city which dwells in the valley, of which the prophets prophesied;''

by all which it appears, that not the whole land of Judea is thought to be meant, only the city of Jerusalem, so called, not from its low estate into which it would fall, through the wickedness of the people, and so rather to be called a valley than a mountain, as Kimchi; but from its situation, it being, as Josephus (h) says, fortified with three walls, except on that side at which it was encircled with inaccessible valleys; and hence it may be, that one of its gates is called the valley gate, Nehemiah 2:13 and besides, there was a valley in it, between the mountains of Zion and Acra, which divided the upper and lower city, as he also elsewhere says (i). The burden of it is a heavy prophecy of calamities that should come upon it, or at least of a fright it should be put into, not in the times of Nebuchadnezzar, when it was taken and destroyed, as Jarchi and Kimchi, and another Jew Jerom makes mention of; nor in the times of Titus Vespasian, according to Eusebius, as the said Jerom relates; but in the times of Hezekiah, when Judea was invaded, and Jerusalem besieged by Sennacherib:

what aileth thee now? or, "what to thee now?" (k) what is come to thee? what is the matter with thee now? how comes this strange and sudden change?

that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops? not to burn incense to the queen of heaven, which was sometimes done, and is the sense of some mentioned by Aben Ezra; but either for safety, to secure themselves from their enemies; or to take a view of them, and observe their motions, and cast from thence their arrows and darts at them; or to look out for help, or to mourn over their distresses, and implore help of the Lord; see Isaiah 15:2 and this was the case, not only of some, but of them all; so that there was scarce a man to be seen in the streets, or in the lower parts of their houses, but were all gone up to the tops of them, which were built with flat roofs and battlements about them, Deuteronomy 22:8.

(h) De Bello Jud. l. 5. c. 4. sect. 1.((i) Ib. l. 6. c. 6. (k) "quid tibi accidit?" Vatablus; "quid tibi nunc est?" Piscator. CHAPTER 22

Isa 22:1-14. Prophecy as to an Attack on Jerusalem.

That by Sennacherib, in the fourteenth year of Hezekiah; Isa 22:8-11, the preparations for defense and securing of water exactly answer to those in 2Ch 32:4, 5, 30. "Shebna," too (Isa 22:15), was scribe at this time (Isa 36:3) [Maurer]. The language of Isa 22:12-14, as to the infidelity and consequent utter ruin of the Jews, seems rather to foreshadow the destruction by Nebuchadnezzar in Zedekiah's reign, and cannot be restricted to Hezekiah's time [Lowth].

1. of … valley of vision—rather, "respecting the valley of visions"; namely, Jerusalem, the seat of divine revelations and visions, "the nursery of prophets" [Jerome], (Isa 2:3; 29:1; Eze 23:4, Margin; Lu 13:33). It lay in a "valley" surrounded by hills higher than Zion and Moriah (Ps 125:2; Jer 21:13).

thee—the people of Jerusalem personified.

housetops—Panic-struck, they went up on the flat balustraded roofs to look forth and see whether the enemy was near, and partly to defend themselves from the roofs (Jud 9:51, etc.).22:1-7 Why is Jerusalem in such terror? Her slain men are not slain with the sword, but with famine; or, slain with fear, disheartened. Their rulers fled, but were overtaken. The servants of God, who foresee and warn sinners of coming miseries, are affected by the prospect. But all the horrors of a city taken by storm, faintly shadow forth the terrors of the day of wrath.
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