Deuteronomy 24:17
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

New Living Translation
"True justice must be given to foreigners living among you and to orphans, and you must never accept a widow's garment as security for her debt.

English Standard Version
“You shall not pervert the justice due to the sojourner or to the fatherless, or take a widow’s garment in pledge,

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not pervert the justice due an alien or an orphan, nor take a widow's garment in pledge.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not deny justice to a foreigner or fatherless child, and do not take a widow's garment as security.

International Standard Version
"Don't deny justice to a foreigner or to an orphan, nor take a widow's garment as collateral for a loan.

NET Bible
You must not pervert justice due a resident foreigner or an orphan, or take a widow's garment as security for a loan.

New Heart English Bible
You shall not deprive the foreigner, or the fatherless of justice, nor take a widow's clothing in pledge;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never deprive foreigners and orphans of justice. And never take widows' clothes to guarantee a loan.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not pervert the justice due to the stranger, or to the fatherless; nor take the widow's raiment to pledge.

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not pervert the justice due an alien or an orphan, nor take a widow’s garment in pledge.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not twist the rights of the stranger nor of the fatherless nor take a widow's clothing for a pledge,

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not pervert the justice due the stranger, nor the fatherless; nor take a widow's clothing as pledge:

American King James Version
You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not wrest the justice due to the sojourner, or to the fatherless, nor take the widow's raiment to pledge;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger nor of the fatherless, neither shalt thou take away the widow's raiment for a pledge.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, [or] of the fatherless; and thou shalt not take in pledge a widow's garment.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take the widow's raiment to pledge:

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless, nor take a widow's raiment for a pledge:

World English Bible
You shall not wrest the justice [due] to the foreigner, [or] to the fatherless, nor take the widow's clothing to pledge;

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not turn aside the judgment of a fatherless sojourner, nor take in pledge the garment of a widow;
Study Bible
Additional Laws
16"Fathers shall not be put to death for their sons, nor shall sons be put to death for their fathers; everyone shall be put to death for his own sin. 17"You shall not pervert the justice due an alien or an orphan, nor take a widow's garment in pledge. 18"But you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and that the LORD your God redeemed you from there; therefore I am commanding you to do this thing.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:22
"You shall not afflict any widow or orphan.

Exodus 23:2
"You shall not follow the masses in doing evil, nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after a multitude in order to pervert justice;

Exodus 23:9
"You shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the feelings of a stranger, for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Leviticus 19:33
'When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong.

Deuteronomy 1:17
'You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not fear man, for the judgment is God's. The case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.'

Deuteronomy 10:17
"For the LORD your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God who does not show partiality nor take a bribe.

Deuteronomy 16:19
"You shall not distort justice; you shall not be partial, and you shall not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and perverts the words of the righteous.

Deuteronomy 24:18
"But you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and that the LORD your God redeemed you from there; therefore I am commanding you to do this thing.

Deuteronomy 27:19
'Cursed is he who distorts the justice due an alien, orphan, and widow.' And all the people shall say, 'Amen.'

Job 22:6
"For you have taken pledges of your brothers without cause, And stripped men naked.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

pervert

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither …

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, …

Exodus 22:21,22 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers …

Exodus 23:2,6,9 You shall not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shall you speak …

1 Samuel 12:3,4 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before …

Job 22:8,9 But as for the mighty man, he had the earth; and the honorable man …

Job 29:11-17 When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, …

Psalm 82:1-5 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; he judges among the gods…

Psalm 94:3-6,20,21 LORD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph…

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted …

Proverbs 31:5 Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of …

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of …

Isaiah 1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one …

Isaiah 3:15 What mean you that you beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces …

Isaiah 33:15 He that walks righteously, and speaks uprightly; he that despises …

Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the …

Jeremiah 22:3 Thus said the LORD; Execute you judgment and righteousness, and deliver …

Ezekiel 22:7,29 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of …

Amos 5:7-12 You who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth…

Micah 2:1,2 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when …

Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, …

Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor…

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness …

Luke 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall …

James 2:6 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and …

nor take

Exodus 22:26,27 If you at all take your neighbor's raiment to pledge, you shall deliver …

(17-22) The stranger, the fatherless, and the widow--are the subject of all the laws in these verses. For the first two (Deuteronomy 24:17-18), see Exodus 22:22-24. As to the harvest, see Leviticus 23:22. It is noticeable that this law is connected with the Feast of Pentecost in that place. Never was such care for the widow and the poor manifested as after the day of Pentecost in the New Testament. When "great grace was upon them all," it is written that "neither was there any among them that lacked."

In a very special way and for some special reason, all through the Old Testament, "the Lord careth for the stranger." What the reason is, if we had the Old Testament only, we might find it hard to discover. But when we open the New Testament, we may see that this is one aspect of the love of God the Father to His Son Jesus Christ, who was one day to come among us as "a stranger," when there was "no room for Him in the inn." His coming hither as a stranger could not be unnoticed. And, therefore, the name and mention of the stranger all through the Old Testament is like a path strewn with flowers, in expectation of the coming of one that is greatly beloved. We see angels walking upon the earth, entertained as strangers. The wealthy patriarch, a "prince of God" among the Canaanites, confesses himself a "stranger and pilgrim on the earth." Those that inherit the land are put in the same category, "Ye are strangers and sojourners with Me." The stranger sits beside the Levite at Israel's table. The second great commandment is rehearsed again for his especial benefit. "He shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself." There is only one key to all this combination of tenderness. "I was a stranger, and ye took me in."

(18,22) Thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt.--An exhortation thoroughly in place here, in the writings of Moses. In this form it occurs repeatedly in the Pentateuch, but not elsewhere. It is not the language which would naturally suggest itself to the prophets of later times.

Verses 17, 18. - The law against perverting the right of strangers, widows, and orphans is here repeated from Exodus 22:20, 21; Exodus 23:9, with the addition that the raiment of the widow was not to be taken in pledge. To enforce this, the people are reminded that they themselves as a nation had been in the condition of strangers and bondmen in Egypt (cf. Leviticus 19:33, 34). Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless,.... Who are unable to defend themselves, and have but few, if any, to take their part; and therefore particular care should be taken by judges and civil magistrates to do them justice, or God will require it of them:

nor take a widow's raiment to pledge; nor anything else, as her ox or cow, Job 24:3; according to the Jewish canons (r), of a widow, whether she is poor or rich, a pledge is not taken; the reason given for which is, that it would raise an ill suspicion, and cause an evil report of her among her neighbours (s); and which is suggested by the Targum of Jonathan"neither shall any of you take for a pledge the raiment of a widow, lest wicked neighbours should arise, and bring an evil report upon her, when ye return the pledge unto her.''But no doubt a poor widow is meant, and the design of the law is mercy to her, and that she might not be distressed by taking that from her she needed.

(r) Misn. Bava Metzia, c. 9. sect. 13. (s) Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Bava Metzia, c. 9. sect. 13. 24:14-22 It is not hard to prove that purity, piety, justice, mercy, fair conduct, kindness to the poor and destitute, consideration for them, and generosity of spirit, are pleasing to God, and becoming in his redeemed people. The difficulty is to attend to them in our daily walk and conversation.
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