Deuteronomy 1:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not show partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be afraid of anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too hard for you, and I will hear it."

New Living Translation
and impartial in your judgments. Hear the cases of those who are poor as well as those who are rich. Don't be afraid of anyone's anger, for the decision you make is God's decision. Bring me any cases that are too difficult for you, and I will handle them.'

English Standard Version
You shall not be partial in judgment. You shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not be intimidated by anyone, for the judgment is God’s. And the case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.’

New American Standard Bible
'You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not fear man, for the judgment is God's. The case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.'

King James Bible
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not show partiality when deciding a case; listen to small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it.

International Standard Version
When you hold a hearing, don't be partial in judgment toward the least important or toward the great. Never fear men, because judgment belongs to God. If the matter is difficult for you, bring it to me for a hearing.'

NET Bible
They must not discriminate in judgment, but hear the lowly and the great alike. Nor should they be intimidated by human beings, for judgment belongs to God. If the matter being adjudicated is too difficult for them, they should bring it before me for a hearing.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Be impartial in your decisions. Listen to the least important people the same way you listen to the most important people. Never be afraid of anyone, since your decisions come from God. You may bring me any case that's too hard for you, and I will hear it."

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment, but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man, for the judgment is God's; and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not respect persons in judgment; but you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.

American King James Version
You shall not respect persons in judgment; but you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it to me, and I will hear it.

American Standard Version
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; ye shall hear the small and the great alike; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you ye shall bring unto me, and I will hear it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There shall be no difference of persons, you shall hear the little as well as the great: neither shall you respect any man's person, because it is the judgment of God. And if any thing seem hard to you, refer it to me, and I will hear it.

Darby Bible Translation
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment: ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man, for the judgment is God's; and the matter that is too hard for you shall ye bring to me, that I may hear it.

English Revised Version
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; ye shall hear the small and the great alike; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you ye shall bring unto me, and I will hear it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring to me, and I will hear it.

World English Bible
You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.

Young's Literal Translation
ye do not discern faces in judgment; as the little so the great ye do hear; ye are not afraid of the face of any, for the judgment is God's, and the thing which is too hard for you, ye bring near unto me, and I have heard it;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:9-18 Moses reminds the people of the happy constitution of their government, which might make them all safe and easy, if it was not their own fault. He owns the fulfilment of God's promise to Abraham, and prays for the further accomplishment of it. We are not straitened in the power and goodness of God; why should we be straitened in our own faith and hope? Good laws were given to the Israelites, and good men were to see to the execution of them, which showed God's goodness to them, and the care of Moses.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 17. - Ye shall not respect persons; literally, look at or regard aces, i.e. ye shall not deal partially, favoring the one party rather than the other (comp. Exodus 23:2, 3; Leviticus 19:15); the small as well as the great were to be heard, and neither for favor nor from fear were they to pervert justice. The judgment is God's; i.e. appointed by God and administered in his name, the judge acting for God and by his authority, and being answerable to him (comp. 2 Chronicles 19:6). Hence the phrases, "to inquire of God," "to bring before God" (Exodus 18:15, 19; Exodus 21:6; Exodus 22:8, etc.) phrases still in use among the Arabs for a summoning to judicial trial. In the case of a matter coming before the judges which they found it beyond their power to decide, they were to bring it before Moses as a superior authority (see Exodus 18:26) "Some think there were certain causes reserved to the cognizance of Moses; but the contrary appears by these words, that all manner of causes were brought before the judges; and they, not the people, brought such causes before Moses as they found too hard for them to determine. So that they, not the person whose cause it was, judged of the difficulty of the cause. See Selden, lib. 1. "De Synedriis, cap. 16." (Bishop Patrick).



Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Ye shall not respect persons in judgment,.... Or pass judgment, and give sentence according to the outward appearances, circumstances, and relations of men; as whether they be friends or foes, rich or poor, old or young, men or women, learned or unlearned; truth and justice should always take place, without any regard to what persons are:

but you shall hear the small as well as the great; persons in low, life, and in mean circumstances, as well as great and noble personages; or little causes and of no great moment, as well as those of the utmost importance; all must be attended to, a cause about a "prutah" or a farthing, as well as one about a hundred pounds, in which Jarchi instances, and if that came first it was not to be postponed:

ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; of the frowns and threatenings of rich men, and of such as are in power and authority; not be awed or intimidated by them from doing justice; see Job 31:34,

for the judgment is God's; judges stand in the place of God, are put into their office by him, and act under him, and for him, and are accountable to him; and therefore should be careful what judgment they make, or sentence they pass, lest they bring discredit to him, and destruction on themselves:

and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it; which is said for their encouragement, as well as was an instruction to them not to undertake a cause too difficult for them; see Exodus 18:22.



Deuteronomy 1:17 Additional Commentaries
Context
Moses Appoints Leaders
16"Then I charged your judges at that time, saying, 'Hear the cases between your fellow countrymen, and judge righteously between a man and his fellow countryman, or the alien who is with him. 17'You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not fear man, for the judgment is God's. The case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.' 18"I commanded you at that time all the things that you should do.
Cross References
Acts 10:34
Then Peter began to speak: "I now realize how true it is that God does not show favoritism

James 2:1
My brothers and sisters, believers in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ must not show favoritism.

James 2:9
But if you show favoritism, you sin and are convicted by the law as lawbreakers.

Genesis 18:25
Far be it from you to do such a thing--to kill the righteous with the wicked, treating the righteous and the wicked alike. Far be it from you! Will not the Judge of all the earth do right?"

Exodus 18:22
Have them serve as judges for the people at all times, but have them bring every difficult case to you; the simple cases they can decide themselves. That will make your load lighter, because they will share it with you.

Exodus 18:26
They served as judges for the people at all times. The difficult cases they brought to Moses, but the simple ones they decided themselves.

Exodus 23:3
and do not show favoritism to a poor person in a lawsuit.

Leviticus 19:15
"'Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great, but judge your neighbor fairly.

Deuteronomy 10:17
For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality and accepts no bribes.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not pervert justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the innocent.

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

Deuteronomy 25:1
When people have a dispute, they are to take it to court and the judges will decide the case, acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty.

1 Samuel 2:25
If one person sins against another, God may mediate for the offender; but if anyone sins against the LORD, who will intercede for them?" His sons, however, did not listen to their father's rebuke, for it was the LORD's will to put them to death.

2 Chronicles 19:5
He appointed judges in the land, in each of the fortified cities of Judah.

2 Chronicles 19:6
He told them, "Consider carefully what you do, because you are not judging for mere mortals but for the LORD, who is with you whenever you give a verdict.

Psalm 82:2
"How long will you defend the unjust and show partiality to the wicked?

Proverbs 18:5
It is not good to be partial to the wicked and so deprive the innocent of justice.

Proverbs 24:23
These also are sayings of the wise: To show partiality in judging is not good:

Proverbs 29:25
Fear of man will prove to be a snare, but whoever trusts in the LORD is kept safe.

Malachi 2:9
"So I have caused you to be despised and humiliated before all the people, because you have not followed my ways but have shown partiality in matters of the law."
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not respect persons in judgment; but you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it to me, and I will hear it.

shall not

Deuteronomy 10:17 For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great …

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither …

Leviticus 19:15 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: you shall not respect …

1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said to Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the …

2 Samuel 14:14 For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which …

Proverbs 24:23 These things also belong to the wise. It is not good to have respect …

Luke 20:21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that you say and teach …

Acts 10:34,35 Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that …

Romans 2:11 For there is no respect of persons with God.

Ephesians 6:9 And, you masters, do the same things to them, forbearing threatening: …

Colossians 3:25 But he that does wrong shall receive for the wrong which he has …

James 2:1,3,9 My brothers, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord …

1 Peter 1:17 And if you call on the Father, who without respect of persons judges …

respect persons [heb] acknowledge faces. That is, let not the bold, daring countenances of the rich or mightily induce you to give an unrighteous decision; and let not the abject look of the poor man induce you either to favour him in an unrighteous cause, or to give judgment against him at the demand of the oppressor.

ye shall hear

Exodus 23:3,6,7 Neither shall you countenance a poor man in his cause…

1 Samuel 12:3,4 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before …

Job 22:6-9 For you have taken a pledge from your brother for nothing, and stripped …

Job 29:11-17 When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, …

Job 31:13-16 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, …

Psalm 82:3,4 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy…

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted …

Jeremiah 5:28,29 They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the …

Amos 5:11,12 For as much therefore as your treading is on the poor, and you take …

Micah 2:1-3 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when …

Micah 3:1-4 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of …

Micah 7:3,4 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, …

James 2:2-4,5 For if there come to your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly …

ye shall not

1 Kings 21:8-14 So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal…

Job 31:34 Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify …

Proverbs 29:25 The fear of man brings a snare: but whoever puts his trust in the …

Jeremiah 1:17 You therefore gird up your loins, and arise, and speak to them all …

Matthew 22:16 And they sent out to him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, …

Mark 12:14 And when they were come, they say to him, Master, we know that you …

1 Thessalonians 2:4 But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, …

the judgment

2 Chronicles 19:6 And said to the judges, Take heed what you do: for you judge not …

the cause

Deuteronomy 17:8-10 If there arise a matter too hard for you in judgment, between blood …

Exodus 18:18,22,26 You will surely wear away, both you, and this people that is with …

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