Leviticus 19:33
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'When a foreigner resides among you in your land, do not mistreat them.

New Living Translation
"Do not take advantage of foreigners who live among you in your land.

English Standard Version
“When a stranger sojourns with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong.

New American Standard Bible
'When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong.

King James Bible
And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a foreigner lives with you in your land, you must not oppress him.

International Standard Version
"If a resident alien lives with you in your land, you are not to mistreat him.

NET Bible
When a foreigner resides with you in your land, you must not oppress him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never mistreat a foreigner living in your land.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not oppress him.

King James 2000 Bible
And if a stranger sojourns with you in your land, you shall not mistreat him.

American King James Version
And if a stranger sojourn with you in your land, you shall not vex him.

American Standard Version
And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not do him wrong.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a stranger dwell in your land, and abide among you, do not upbraid him :

Darby Bible Translation
And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not molest him.

English Revised Version
And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not do him wrong.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a stranger shall sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not oppress him.

World English Bible
"'If a stranger lives as a foreigner with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when a sojourner sojourneth with thee in your land, thou dost not oppress him;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:1-37 laws. - There are some ceremonial precepts in this chapter, but most of these precepts are binding on us, for they are explanations of the ten commandments. It is required that Israel be a holy people, because the God of Israel is a holy God, ver. 2. To teach real separation from the world and the flesh, and entire devotedness to God. This is now the law of Christ; may the Lord bring every thought within us into obedience to it! Children are to be obedient to their parents, ver. 3. The fear here required includes inward reverence and esteem, outward respect and obedience, care to please them and to make them easy. God only is to be worshipped, ver. 4. Turn not from the true God to false ones, from the God who will make you holy and happy, to those that will deceive you, and make you for ever miserable. Turn not your eyes to them, much less your heart. They should leave the gleanings of their harvest and vintage for the poor, ver. 9. Works of piety must be always attended with works of charity, according to our ability. We must not be covetous, griping, and greedy of every thing we can lay claim to, nor insist upon our right in all things. We are to be honest and true in all our dealings, ver. 11. Whatever we have in the world, we must see that we get it honestly, for we cannot be truly rich, or long rich, with that which is not so. Reverence to the sacred name of God must be shown, ver. 12. We must not detain what belongs to another, particularly the wages of the hireling, ver. 13. We must be tender of the credit and safety of those that cannot help themselves, ver. 14. Do no hurt to any, because they are unwilling or unable to avenge themselves. We ought to take heed of doing any thing which may occasion our weak brother to fall. The fear of God should keep us from doing wrong things, though they will not expose us to men's anger. Judges, and all in authority, are commanded to give judgment without partiality, ver. 15. To be a tale-bearer, and to sow discord among neighbours, is as bad an office as a man can put himself into. We are to rebuke our neighbour in love, ver. 17. Rather rebuke him than hate him, for an injury done to thyself. We incur guilt by not reproving; it is hating our brother. We should say, I will do him the kindness to tell him of his faults. We are to put off all malice, and to put on brotherly love, ver. 18. We often wrong ourselves, but we soon forgive ourselves those wrongs, and they do not at all lessen our love to ourselves; in like manner we should love our neighbour. We must in many cases deny ourselves for the good of our neighbour. Ver. 31: For Christians to have their fortunes told, to use spells and charms, or the like, is a sad affront to God. They must be grossly ignorant who ask, What harm is there in these things? Here is a charge to young people to show respect to the aged, ver. 32. Religion teaches good manners, and obliges us to honour those to whom honour is due. A charge was given to the Israelites to be very tender of strangers, ver. 33. Strangers, and the widows and fatherless, are God's particular care. It is at our peril, if we do them any wrong. Strangers shall be welcome to God's grace; we should do what we can to recommend religion to them. Justice in weights and measures is commanded, ver. 35. We must make conscience of obeying God's precepts. We are not to pick and choose our duty, but must aim at standing complete in all the will of God. And the nearer our lives and tempers are to the precepts of God's law, the happier shall we be, and the happier shall we make all around us, and the better shall we adorn the gospel.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 33, 34. - The command already given "neither to vex a stranger, nor oppress him" (Exodus 22:21), on the pathetic ground that "ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt" (Exodus 23:9), is broadened in these verses to the positive law, thou shalt love him as thyself. "The royal law of verse 18 is expressly extended to the stranger, and notwithstanding the national narrowness necessary to preserve the true religion in the world, the general brotherhood of mankind is hereby taught as far as was possible under the circumstances" (Gardiner).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And if a stranger sojourn with you in your land,.... Ben Gersom, and others, understand this of a proselyte of righteousness, who was circumcised, and in all things conformed to the Jewish religion; but it may be interpreted of a proselyte of the gate, who was not an idolater, since he is described as one sojourning with them, and indeed of any stranger, who for a time was providentially cast among them:

ye shall not vex him: with hard and grievous words, upbraiding him with his former ignorance and idolatry, and saying unto him, as Jarchi observes, yesterday thou wast a worshipper of idols, and now thou comest to learn the law; nor distress him by any means in business, or with law suits; See Gill on Exodus 22:21.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

33, 34. if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him—The Israelites were to hold out encouragement to strangers to settle among them, that they might be brought to the knowledge and worship of the true God; and with this in view, they were enjoined to treat them not as aliens, but as friends, on the ground that they themselves, who were strangers in Egypt, were at first kindly and hospitably received in that country.

Leviticus 19:33 Additional Commentaries
Context
Keep My Decrees
32'You shall rise up before the grayheaded and honor the aged, and you shall revere your God; I am the LORD. 33'When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong. 34'The stranger who resides with you shall be to you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt; I am the LORD your God.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:21
"Do not mistreat or oppress a foreigner, for you were foreigners in Egypt.

Exodus 23:9
"Do not oppress a foreigner; you yourselves know how it feels to be foreigners, because you were foreigners in Egypt.

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

Deuteronomy 24:18
Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and the LORD your God redeemed you from there. That is why I command you to do this.

Deuteronomy 27:19
"Cursed is anyone who withholds justice from the foreigner, the fatherless or the widow." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"
Treasury of Scripture

And if a stranger sojourn with you in your land, you shall not vex him.

And if

Exodus 22:21 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers …

Exodus 23:9 Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of …

Deuteronomy 10:18,19 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves …

Deuteronomy 24:14 You shall not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether …

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness …

vex him. or, oppress him

Jeremiah 7:6 If you oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and …

Ezekiel 22:7,29 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of …

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