Deuteronomy 23:17
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
No Israelite man or woman is to become a shrine prostitute.

New Living Translation
"No Israelite, whether man or woman, may become a temple prostitute.

English Standard Version
“None of the daughters of Israel shall be a cult prostitute, and none of the sons of Israel shall be a cult prostitute.

Berean Study Bible
No daughter or son of Israel is to be a cult prostitute.

New American Standard Bible
"None of the daughters of Israel shall be a cult prostitute, nor shall any of the sons of Israel be a cult prostitute.

King James Bible
There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

Christian Standard Bible
"No Israelite woman is to be a cult prostitute, and no Israelite man is to be a cult prostitute.

Contemporary English Version
People of Israel, don't any of you ever be temple prostitutes.

Good News Translation
"No Israelite, man or woman, is to become a temple prostitute.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
No Israelite woman is to be a cult prostitute, and no Israelite man is to be a cult prostitute.

International Standard Version
"There are to be no cultic prostitutes among the daughters or the sons of Israel.

NET Bible
There must never be a sacred prostitute among the young women of Israel nor a sacred male prostitute among the young men of Israel.

New Heart English Bible
There shall be no prostitute of the daughters of Israel, neither shall there be a sacred male prostitute of the children of Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
No Israelite man or woman should ever become a temple prostitute.

JPS Tanakh 1917
There shall be no harlot of the daughters of Israel, neither shall there be a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

New American Standard 1977
“None of the daughters of Israel shall be a cult prostitute, nor shall any of the sons of Israel be a cult prostitute.

Jubilee Bible 2000
There shall be no female cult prostitutes of the daughters of Israel nor any male cult prostitutes of the sons of Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
There shall be no harlot of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

American King James Version
There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

American Standard Version
There shall be no prostitute of the daughters of Israel, neither shall there be a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There shall be no whore among the daughters of Israel, nor whoremonger among the sons of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
There shall be no prostitute amongst the daughters of Israel, nor any Sodomite amongst the sons of Israel.

English Revised Version
There shall be no harlot of the daughters of Israel, neither shall there be a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
There shall be no harlot of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

World English Bible
There shall be no prostitute of the daughters of Israel, neither shall there be a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
'There is not a whore among the daughters of Israel, nor is there a whoremonger among the sons of Israel;
Study Bible
Miscellaneous Laws
16Let him live among you wherever he chooses, in the town of his pleasing. Do not oppress him. 17No daughter or son of Israel is to be a cult prostitute. 18You must not bring the wages of a prostitute, whether female or male, into the house of the LORD your God to fulfill any vow, because both are detestable to the LORD your God.…
Cross References
Genesis 19:5
They called out to Lot, saying, "Where are the men who came to you tonight? Send them out to us so we can have relations with them!"

Leviticus 19:29
You must not defile your daughter by making her a prostitute, or the land will be prostituted and filled with depravity.

Deuteronomy 22:21
she shall be brought to the door of her father's house, and there the men of her city will stone her to death. For she has committed an outrage in Israel by being promiscuous in her father's house. You must purge the evil from among you.

1 Kings 14:24
There were even male cult prostitutes in the land. They imitated all the abominations of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites.

1 Kings 15:12
He banished the male cult prostitutes from the land and removed all of the idols that his fathers had made.

1 Kings 22:46
He banished from the land any male cult prostitutes who had remained from the days of his father Asa.

2 Kings 23:7
He also tore down the quarters of the male cult prostitutes that were in the house of the LORD, where the women had woven tapestries for Asherah.

Job 36:14
They die in their youth; and their life ends among the male cult prostitutes.

Hosea 4:14
I will not punish your daughters when they prostitute themselves or your daughters-in-law when they commit adultery, because the men themselves go off with prostitutes and make sacrifices with cult prostitutes. So a people without understanding will come to ruin.

Treasury of Scripture

There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

There shall be, etc. The prohibition in the text, like many others, has no direct application to practices that were common among the Israelites at that time; but was intended to guard them against the enormities which were practised among the surrounding nations.

Deuteronomy 22:21,29 Then they shall bring out the damsel to the door of her father's …

Leviticus 19:29 Do not prostitute your daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest …

Proverbs 2:16 To deliver you from the strange woman, even from the stranger which …

whore. or, sodomitess

Romans 1:26 For this cause God gave them up to vile affections: for even their …

sodomite

Genesis 19:4,5 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, …

Judges 19:22 Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the …

1 Kings 14:24 And there were also sodomites in the land…

1 Kings 15:12 And he took away the sodomites out of the land, and removed all the …

1 Kings 22:46 And the remnant of the sodomites, which remained in the days of his …

2 Kings 23:7 And he broke down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house …

Romans 1:27,28 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, …

1 Corinthians 6:9 Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of …

1 Timothy 1:10 For fornicators, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for …







(17) Whore and sodomite seem both intended to be taken in the sense in which they belonged to the temples of Baal and Ashtaroth, of persons dedicated to impurity.

Verses 17, 18. - Amongst idolatrous nations prostitution was in certain cases regarded as an act of religious service (cf. Herod, 1:199), and both males and females prostituted themselves especially in the worship of Astarte. All such abominations were to be unknown in Israel (cf. Micah 1:7). Whore; kedeshah (קְדֵשָׁה), a female who prostituted herself in the worship of an idol. The price of a dog; not money obtained from the sale of a dog, but the gains of the kadesh, or male prostitute, here called a dog, as the type of all uncleanness (cf. Revelation 22:15). There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel,.... The word for "whore" is "kedeshah", which properly signifies an "holy" one; and here, by an antiphrasis, an unholy, an impure person, one that is defiled by man; See Gill on Genesis 38:18. Jarchi interprets the word, one that makes herself common, that is sanctified, or set apart; that is, one that separates herself for such service, and prostitutes herself to everyone that passes by: but some understand this not of common harlots in the streets, but of sacred whores, or such as were consecrated to Heathen deities, as such there were to Venus. Strabo (x) tells us that the temple of Venus at Corinth was so rich, that more than a thousand of those sacred harlots were kept, whom men and women had devoted to that goddess; and so a multitude of the same sort were at Comana, which he calls little Corinth (y); now these of all harlots being the most abominable are forbidden to be among the daughters of Israel:

nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel: by the same rule that "kedeshah" is rendered "a whore" in the preceding clause, "kadesh" should be rendered "an whoremonger" here, as in the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions; though Aben Ezra interprets it passively, one that is lain with, and Jarchi one that is prepared to lie with a male, that prostitutes his body in this unnatural way; and it looks as if there were such sort of persons sacred to idols, since we read of the houses of the sodomites, which were by, or rather in the house of the Lord, 2 Kings 23:7.

(x) Geograph. l. 8. p. 261. (y) lb. l. 12. p. 385. 23:15-25 It is honourable to shelter and protect the weak, provided they are not wicked. Proselytes and converts to the truth, should be treated with particular tenderness, that they may have no temptation to return to the world. We cannot honour God with our substance, unless it be honestly and honourably come by. It must not only be considered what we give, but how we got it. Where the borrower gets, or hopes to get, it is just that the lender should share the gain; but to him that borrows for necessary food, pity must be showed. That which is gone out of thy lips, as a solemn and deliberate vow, must not be recalled, but thou shalt keep and perform it punctually and fully. They were allowed to pluck and eat of the corn or grapes that grew by the road side; only they must not carry any away. This law intimated what great plenty of corn and wine they should have in Canaan. It provided for the support of poor travellers, and teaches us to be kind to such, teaches us to be ready to distribute, and not to think every thing lost that is given away. Yet it forbids us to abuse the kindness of friends, or to take advantage of what is allowed. Faithfulness to their engagements should mark the people of God; and they should never encroach upon others.



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