Numbers 30:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Her husband may confirm or nullify any vow she makes or any sworn pledge to deny herself.

New Living Translation
So her husband may either confirm or nullify any vows or pledges she makes to deny herself.

English Standard Version
Any vow and any binding oath to afflict herself, her husband may establish, or her husband may make void.

New American Standard Bible
"Every vow and every binding oath to humble herself, her husband may confirm it or her husband may annul it.

King James Bible
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Her husband may confirm or cancel any vow or any sworn obligation to deny herself.

International Standard Version
Her husband may confirm or revoke every vow and binding obligation that afflicts her.

NET Bible
"Any vow or sworn obligation that would bring affliction to her, her husband can confirm or nullify.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"A husband decides whether or not his wife has to keep any vow to do something or any oath to do without something.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Every vow and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

King James 2000 Bible
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

American King James Version
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

American Standard Version
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If she vow and bind herself by oath, to afflict her soul by fasting, or abstinence from other things, it shall depend on the will of her husband, whether she shall do it, or not do it.

Darby Bible Translation
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband can establish it, or her husband can annul it.

English Revised Version
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

Webster's Bible Translation
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

World English Bible
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

Young's Literal Translation
'Every vow and every oath -- a bond to humble a soul -- her husband doth establish it, or her husband doth break it;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

30:3-16 Two cases of vows are determined. The case of a daughter in her father's house. When her vow comes to his knowledge, it is in his power either to confirm it or do it away. The law is plain in the case of a wife. If her husband allows her vow, though only by silence, it stands. If he disallows it, her obligation to her husband takes place of it; for to him she ought to be in subjection, as unto the Lord. The Divine law consults the good order of families. It is fit that every man should bear rule in his own house, and have his wife and children in subjection; rather than that this great rule should be broken, or any encouragement be given to inferior relations to break those bonds asunder, God releases the obligation even of a solemn vow. So much does religion secure the welfare of all societies; and in it the families of the earth have a blessing.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - Oath to afflict the soul. No doubt by fasting or by other kinds of abstinence. The expression is especially used in connection with the rigorous fast of the day of atonement (Leviticus 16:29; Numbers 29:7; and cf. Isaiah 58:5; 1 Corinthians 7:5).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul,.... By fasting, as Aben Ezra observes; as when a vow was made, or a person bound herself by an oath to abstain from such and such food, or to fast on such a day; to keep a fast which was not appointed, to set apart a day for fasting, besides the grand and general fast on the day of atonement: Jarchi from hence gathers, that a man only makes vows of afflicting the soul, or vows of fasting; but this is not said by way of limitation and restriction, but by way of amplification and illustration, giving a particular instance, by which others may be judged of:

her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void, just as he pleased; and this power an husband had, to prevent confusion in the family, and trouble in the affairs of it, by vowing abstinence from such and such food, or from such and such liquor, and the like; and to prevent running into expenses he was not able to answer, by vowing and dedicating, this and the other to holy uses, for sacrifices, and repairs of the temple, and the like.



Numbers 30:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
Laws Concerning Vows
12"But if her husband indeed annuls them on the day he hears them, then whatever proceeds out of her lips concerning her vows or concerning the obligation of herself shall not stand; her husband has annulled them, and the LORD will forgive her. 13"Every vow and every binding oath to humble herself, her husband may confirm it or her husband may annul it. 14"But if her husband indeed says nothing to her from day to day, then he confirms all her vows or all her obligations which are on her; he has confirmed them, because he said nothing to her on the day he heard them.…
Cross References
Numbers 30:12
But if her husband nullifies them when he hears about them, then none of the vows or pledges that came from her lips will stand. Her husband has nullified them, and the LORD will release her.

Numbers 30:14
But if her husband says nothing to her about it from day to day, then he confirms all her vows or the pledges binding on her. He confirms them by saying nothing to her when he hears about them.
Treasury of Scripture

Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

and every

1 Corinthians 11:3,9 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; …

1 Peter 3:1-6 Likewise, you wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, …

to afflict

Numbers 29:7 And you shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy …

Leviticus 16:29 And this shall be a statute for ever to you: that in the seventh …

Leviticus 23:27,32 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day …

Ezra 8:21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might …

Psalm 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I …

Isaiah 58:5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict …

1 Corinthians 7:5 Defraud you not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, …

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