Numbers 30:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When a man makes a vow to the LORD or takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word but must do everything he said.

New Living Translation
A man who makes a vow to the LORD or makes a pledge under oath must never break it. He must do exactly what he said he would do.

English Standard Version
If a man vows a vow to the LORD, or swears an oath to bind himself by a pledge, he shall not break his word. He shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

New American Standard Bible
"If a man makes a vow to the LORD, or takes an oath to bind himself with a binding obligation, he shall not violate his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

King James Bible
If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man makes a vow to the LORD or swears an oath to put himself under an obligation, he must not break his word; he must do whatever he has promised."

International Standard Version
When a man makes a vow to the LORD, or swears an oath—an obligation that is binding to himself—he is not to break his word. Instead, he is to fulfill whatever promise came out of his mouth.'"

NET Bible
If a man makes a vow to the LORD or takes an oath of binding obligation on himself, he must not break his word, but must do whatever he has promised.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If a man makes a vow to the LORD that he will do something or swears an oath that he won't do something, he must not break his word. He must do everything he said he would do.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When a man vows a vow unto the LORD or swears an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not defile his word: he shall do according to all that proceeded out of his mouth.

King James 2000 Bible
If a man vows a vow unto the LORD, or swears an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

American King James Version
If a man vow a vow to the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

American Standard Version
When a man voweth a vow unto Jehovah, or sweareth an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any man make a vow to the Lord, or bind himself by an oath: he shall not make his word void but shall fulfil all that he promised.

Darby Bible Translation
If a man vow a vow to Jehovah, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word; according to all that hath gone out of his mouth shall he do.

English Revised Version
When a man voweth a vow unto the LORD, or sweareth an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

Webster's Bible Translation
If a man shall vow a vow to the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

World English Bible
When a man vows a vow to Yahweh, or swears an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

Young's Literal Translation
'When a man voweth a vow to Jehovah, or hath sworn an oath to bind a bond on his soul, he doth not pollute his word; according to all that is going out from his mouth he doth.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

30:1,2 No man can be bound by his own promise to do what he is already, by the Divine precept, forbidden to do. In other matters the command is, that he shall not break his words, through he may change his mind.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - If a man vow a vow. נֶדֶר, a vow, is commonly said to be distinctively a positive vow, a promise to render something unto the Lord. This, however, cannot be strictly maintained, because the Nazarite vow was neder, and that was essentially a vow of abstinence. To say that the vow of the Nazarite was of a positive character because he had to let his hair grow "unto the Lord" is a mere evasion. It is, however, probable that neder, when it occurs (as in this passage) in connection with issar, does take on the narrower signification of a positive vow. Swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond. Literally, "to bind a bond upon his soul." אִסָּר, a bond, which occurs only in this chapter, is considered to be a restrictive obligation, a vow of abstinence. It would appear that the issar was always undertaken upon oath, whereas the neder (as in the case of the Nazarite) did not of necessity require it. He shall not break his word. This was the general principle with respect to vows, and, as here ]aid down, it was in accordance with the universal religious feeling of mankind. Whatever crimes may have claimed the sanction of this sentiment, whatever exceptions and safeguards a clearer revelation and a better knowledge of God may have established, yet the principle remained that whatsoever a man had promised unto the Lord, that he must fulfill. Iphigenia in Aulis, Jephthah's daughter in Gilead, proclaim to what horrid extremities any one religious principle, unchecked by other coordinate principles, may lead; but they also proclaim how deep and true this religious principle must have been which could so over-ride the natural feelings of men not cruel nor depraved.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If a man vow a vow unto the Lord,.... Which must be in a thing that is lawful to be done, which is not contrary to the revealed will and mind of God, and which may tend to the glory of God, the honour of religion, the service of the sanctuary, the good of a man's self or of his neighbour; or in things purely indifferent, which may, or may not be done, without offence to God or man; as that he will not eat such a thing for such a time, or he will do this or the other thing, as Jarchi observes; who moreover says, that he may forbid himself what is forbidden, and forbid what is free and lawful; but he may not make free or lawful what is forbidden, that is, he may not vow to do a thing which is contrary to the law of God, such a vow will not stand: and he was to be of such an age before he could make a vow that would be valid; according to the Targum of Jonathan, he must be thirteen years of age; it is said in the Misnah (p),"a son of twelve years and one day, his vows are examined; a son of thirteen years and one day, his vows are firm, and they examine the whole thirteenth year before that time; although they say we know to whose name (or on whose account) we vow or consecrate, their vow is no vow, nor their consecration no consecration; but after that time, though they say we know not to whose name (or, on whose account) we vow or consecrate, their vow is a vow, and their consecration a consecration:"

or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; to his vow adds an oath for the greater confirmation of it, and to lay himself under the greater obligation to perform it:

he shall not break his word; or profane it (q) but punctually perform it; men should be careful how they vow, and not rashly do it; but when they have vowed, they ought to perform; see Ecclesiastes 5:4,

he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth; it is not in his power to revoke his vow or make it null: the Misnic doctors (r) say, a man can loose all vows, excepting his own. R. Judah says, not the vows of his wife, nor those which are between her and others; that is, as one of the commentators (s) explains it, such vows which are not made to afflict, or respect not fasting; but according to the Targum of Jonathan, though a man cannot loose his vows, or free himself from them, yet the sanhedrim, or court of judicature, can, or a wise man that is authenticated thereby, as Jarchi says, or three private persons; but these are such traditions; which make void the commandment of God, as our Lord complains, Matthew 15:1.

(p) Niddah, c. 5. sect. 6. (q) (r) Negaim, c. 5. sect. 5. (s) Bartenora in Misn. Negaim, c. 5. sect. 5.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. If a man vow a vow unto the Lord—A mere secret purpose of the mind was not enough to constitute a vow; it had to be actually expressed in words; and though a purely voluntary act, yet when once the vow was made, the performance of it, like that of every other promise, became an indispensable duty—all the more because, referring to a sacred thing, it could not be neglected without the guilt of prevarication and unfaithfulness to God.

he shall not break his word—literally, "profane his word"—render it vain and contemptible (Ps 55:20; 89:34). But as it would frequently happen that parties would vow to do things which were neither good in themselves nor in their power to perform, the law ordained that their natural superiors should have the right of judging as to the propriety of those vows, with discretionary power to sanction or interdict their fulfilment. Parents were to determine in the case of their children, and husbands in that of their wives—being, however, allowed only a day for deliberation after the matter became known to them; and their judgment, if unfavorable, released the devotee from all obligation [Nu 30:3-8].

Numbers 30:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Laws Concerning Vows
1Then Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes of the sons of Israel, saying, "This is the word which the LORD has commanded. 2"If a man makes a vow to the LORD, or takes an oath to bind himself with a binding obligation, he shall not violate his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth. 3"Also if a woman makes a vow to the LORD, and binds herself by an obligation in her father's house in her youth,…
Cross References
Matthew 5:33
"Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not break your oath, but fulfill to the Lord the vows you have made.'

Numbers 30:3
"When a young woman still living in her father's household makes a vow to the LORD or obligates herself by a pledge

Numbers 32:24
Build cities for your women and children, and pens for your flocks, but do what you have promised."

Deuteronomy 23:21
If you make a vow to the LORD your God, do not be slow to pay it, for the LORD your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin.

Judges 11:35
When he saw her, he tore his clothes and cried, "Oh no, my daughter! You have brought me down and I am devastated. I have made a vow to the LORD that I cannot break."

Judges 11:36
"My father," she replied, "you have given your word to the LORD. Do to me just as you promised, now that the LORD has avenged you of your enemies, the Ammonites.

Psalm 50:14
"Sacrifice thank offerings to God, fulfill your vows to the Most High,

Psalm 55:20
My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant.

Ecclesiastes 5:4
When you make a vow to God, do not delay to fulfill it. He has no pleasure in fools; fulfill your vow.
Treasury of Scripture

If a man vow a vow to the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

if a man. The preceding chapters had treated of sacrifices required by law; and in the laws here delivered in respect to vows must have been very useful, as they both prevented and annulled rash vows, and provided a proper sanction for the support and performance of those which were rationally made, and which were made to the Lord. vow a vow

Numbers 21:2 And Israel vowed a vow to the LORD, and said, If you will indeed …

Genesis 28:20-22 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep …

Leviticus 27:2 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When a man shall …

Deuteronomy 23:21,22 When you shall vow a vow to the LORD your God, you shall not slack …

Judges 11:11,30,31,35,36 Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made …

Psalm 15:3 He that backbites not with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, …

Psalm 56:12 Your vows are on me, O God: I will render praises to you.

Psalm 76:11 Vow, and pay to the LORD your God: let all that be round about him …

Psalm 119:106 I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep your righteous judgments.

Proverbs 20:25 It is a snare to the man who devours that which is holy, and after …

swear

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the …

Leviticus 5:4 Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do …

Matthew 5:33,34 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, …

Matthew 14:7-9 Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatever she would ask…

Acts 23:12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound …

2 Corinthians 1:23 Moreover I call God for a record on my soul, that to spare you I …

2 Corinthians 9:9-11 (As it is written, He has dispersed abroad; he has given to the poor: …

to bind

Numbers 30:3,4,10 If a woman also vow a vow to the LORD, and bind herself by a bond, …

Matthew 23:16,18 Woe to you, you blind guides, which say, Whoever shall swear by the …

Acts 23:12,14,21 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound …

break. Heb. profane

Psalm 55:20 He has put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: …

he shall do

Job 22:27 You shall make your prayer to him, and he shall hear you, and you …

Psalm 22:25 My praise shall be of you in the great congregation: I will pay my …

Psalm 50:14 Offer to God thanksgiving; and pay your vows to the most High:

Psalm 66:13,14 I will go into your house with burnt offerings: I will pay you my vows…

Psalm 116:14,18 I will pay my vows to the LORD now in the presence of all his people…

Ecclesiastes 5:4,5 When you vow a vow to God, defer not to pay it; for he has no pleasure …

Nahum 1:15 Behold on the mountains the feet of him that brings good tidings, …

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