Exodus 20:7
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

New Living Translation
"You must not misuse the name of the LORD your God. The LORD will not let you go unpunished if you misuse his name.

English Standard Version
“You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not misuse the name of the LORD your God, because the LORD will not leave anyone unpunished who misuses His name.

International Standard Version
"You are not to misuse the name of the LORD your God, because the LORD will not leave the one who misuses his name unpunished.

NET Bible
"You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold guiltless anyone who takes his name in vain.

New Heart English Bible
"Do not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never use the name of the LORD your God carelessly. The LORD will make sure that anyone who carelessly uses his name will be punished.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain.

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain for the LORD will not hold guiltless anyone that takes his name in vain.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain.

American King James Version
You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not take the name of Jehovah thy God in vain; for Jehovah will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that shall take the name of the Lord his God in vain.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not idly utter the name of Jehovah thy God; for Jehovah will not hold him guiltless that idly uttereth his name.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

World English Bible
"You shall not take the name of Yahweh your God in vain, for Yahweh will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not take up the name of Jehovah thy God for a vain thing, for Jehovah acquitteth not him who taketh up His name for a vain thing.
Study Bible
The Ten Commandments
6but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments. 7"You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. 8"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.…
Cross References
Leviticus 19:12
'You shall not swear falsely by My name, so as to profane the name of your God; I am the LORD.

Deuteronomy 5:11
'You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

Deuteronomy 6:13
"You shall fear only the LORD your God; and you shall worship Him and swear by His name.

Deuteronomy 10:20
"You shall fear the LORD your God; you shall serve Him and cling to Him, and you shall swear by His name.

2 Kings 5:20
But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, thought, "Behold, my master has spared this Naaman the Aramean, by not receiving from his hands what he brought. As the LORD lives, I will run after him and take something from him."

Psalm 139:20
For they speak against You wickedly, And Your enemies take Your name in vain.

Proverbs 30:9
That I not be full and deny You and say, "Who is the LORD?" Or that I not be in want and steal, And profane the name of my God.

Jeremiah 34:16
"Yet you turned and profaned My name, and each man took back his male servant and each man his female servant whom you had set free according to their desire, and you brought them into subjection to be your male servants and female servants."'

Ezekiel 39:7
"My holy name I will make known in the midst of My people Israel; and I will not let My holy name be profaned anymore. And the nations will know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain.

take

Leviticus 19:12 And you shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shall you profane …

Leviticus 24:11-16 And the Israelitish woman's son blasphemed the name of the Lord, …

Deuteronomy 5:11 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain: for the …

Psalm 50:14-16 Offer to God thanksgiving; and pay your vows to the most High…

Proverbs 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny you, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I …

Jeremiah 4:2 And you shall swear, The LORD lives, in truth, in judgment, and in …

Matthew 5:33-37 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, …

Matthew 23:16-22 Woe to you, you blind guides, which say, Whoever shall swear by the …

Matthew 26:63,64 But Jesus held his peace, And the high priest answered and said to …

2 Corinthians 1:23 Moreover I call God for a record on my soul, that to spare you I …

Hebrews 6:16,17 For men truly swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation …

James 5:12 But above all things, my brothers, swear not, neither by heaven, …

guiltless

Joshua 2:12,17 Now therefore, I pray you, swear to me by the LORD, since I have …

Joshua 9:20 This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be …

2 Samuel 21:1,2 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after …

1 Kings 2:9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for you are a wise man, and …

(7) Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.--The Hebrew is ambiguous, as is to some extent the English translation. Most modern critics regard the phrase used as forbidding false swearing only; but some think that it forbids also "profane" or "vain swearing." Our Lord's comment in the Sermon on the Mount favours the view that false swearing alone was actually forbidden by the Law, since He proceeds to condemn profane swearing on His own authority: "But I say unto you" (Matthew 5:34). False swearing is among the greatest insults that man can offer to God, and, as being such, is naturally forbidden in the first table, which teaches us our duty to God. It is also destructive of civil society; and hence it is again forbidden in the second table (Exodus 20:16), which defines our duties to our neighbour. The laws of all organised States necessarily forbid it, and generally under a very severe penalty. The Jewish Law condemned the false witness to suffer the punishment which his evidence was calculated to inflict (Deuteronomy 19:19). The Egyptians visited perjury with death or mutilation. The Greeks were content to punish it with a heavy fine, and ultimately with the loss of civil rights. The Romans, in the more ancient times, inflicted the death penalty. It was generally believed, alike in Egypt, in Greece, and in Rome, that the anger of the gods was especially provoked by this crime, and that a Divine Nemesis pursued those who committed it, and made them suffer for their sin, either in their own person or in that of their posterity.

The Lord will not hold him guiltless.--Punishment will assuredly overtake the perjured man, if not in this life, then in another. Jehovah will vindicate His own honour.

Verse 7. - Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain. It is disputed whether this is a right rendering. Shav in Hebrew means both "vanity" and ,'falsehood;" so that the Third Commandment may forbid either "vain-swearing" or simply "false-swearing. It is in favor of the latter interpretation, that our Lord seems to contrast his own prohibition of unnecessary oaths with the ancient prohibition of false oaths in the words - "Ye have heard that it hath been said by" (or "to") "them of old time - Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shelf perform unto the Lord thine oaths. But I say unto you - Swear not at all" (Matthew 5:33-34). It is also in favour of the command being levelled against false-swearing, that perjury should naturally, as a great sin, have a special prohibition directed against it in the Decalogue, while vain-swearing, as a little sin, would scarcely seem entitled to such notice. Perjury has always been felt to be one of the greatest both of moral and of social offences. It implies an absolute want of any reverence at all for God; and it destroys civil society by rendering the administration of justice impossible. There has been a general horror of it among all civilised nations. The Egyptians punished perjury with death. The Greeks thought that a divine Nemesis pursued the perjured man, and brought destruction both upon himself and upon his offspring .(Herod. 6:86). The Romans regarded the perjurer as infamous, and the object of Divine vengeance in the other world (Cic. De Leg. 2:9). The threat contained in the words - "The Lord will not hold him guiltless" - may be taken as an argument on either side. If viewed as equivalent to "the Lord will punish severely" (Kalisch), it accords best with the view that perjury was intended; if taken literally, it would suit best a lesser sin, of which men ordinarily think little. Thou shall not take the name of the Lord God in vain,.... Make use of the name Lord or God, or any other name and epithet of the divine Being, in a light and trifling way, without any show of reverence of him, and affection to him; whereas the name of God ought never to be mentioned but in a grave and serious manner, and with an awe of the greatness of his majesty upon the mind. The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan restrain this to swearing by the name of the Lord; and so the Jewish writers generally interpret it either of swearing lightly, rashly, or falsely; and to this it may very well be extended, though not limited; and so forbids, as all profane oaths; imprecations, and curses by the name of God, which the mouths of wicked men are full of, so swearing by it in matters trivial, and of no importance; for swearing even by the name of the Lord ought not to be used but in matters of moment and consequence, for the confirmation of a thing, and putting an end to strife, and where a matter cannot be determined and decided without an appeal to God. And great care should be taken that a man swears to that which is true, and not false; for false swearing, or perjury, is a very grievous sin, and as it is strictly forbidden, it is severely punished by the Lord, as follows; see Leviticus 19:12, this is the third command, and the reason enforcing it follows:

for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name is vain; will not look upon him as an innocent person, and treat him as such; will not acquit and discharge him as just and righteous; but on the contrary will consider him as a guilty person, a profaner of his name, and a transgressor of his law, and will condemn and punish him, if not in this world, yet in the world to come; and so the Targum of Jonathan, by way of explanation, adds,"in the day of the great judgment;''see Malachi 3:5. 20:3-11 The first four of the ten commandments, commonly called the FIRST table, tell our duty to God. It was fit that those should be put first, because man had a Maker to love, before he had a neighbour to love. It cannot be expected that he should be true to his brother, who is false to his God. The first commandment concerns the object of worship, JEHOVAH, and him only. The worship of creatures is here forbidden. Whatever comes short of perfect love, gratitude, reverence, or worship, breaks this commandment. Whatsoever ye do, do all the glory of God. The second commandment refers to the worship we are to render to the Lord our God. It is forbidden to make any image or picture of the Deity, in any form, or for any purpose; or to worship any creature, image, or picture. But the spiritual import of this command extends much further. All kinds of superstition are here forbidden, and the using of mere human inventions in the worship of God. The third commandment concerns the manner of worship, that it be with all possible reverence and seriousness. All false oaths are forbidden. All light appealing to God, all profane cursing, is a horrid breach of this command. It matters not whether the word of God, or sacred things, all such-like things break this commandment, and there is no profit, honour, or pleasure in them. The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. The form of the fourth commandment, Remember, shows that it was not now first given, but was known by the people before. One day in seven is to be kept holy. Six days are allotted to worldly business, but not so as to neglect the service of God, and the care of our souls. On those days we must do all our work, and leave none to be done on the sabbath day. Christ allowed works of necessity, charity, and piety; for the sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath, Mr 2:27; but all works of luxury, vanity, or self-indulgence in any form, are forbidden. Trading, paying wages, settling accounts, writing letters of business, worldly studies, trifling visits, journeys, or light conversation, are not keeping this day holy to the Lord. Sloth and indolence may be a carnal, but not a holy rest. The sabbath of the Lord should be a day of rest from worldly labour, and a rest in the service of God. The advantages from the due keeping of this holy day, were it only to the health and happiness of mankind, with the time it affords for taking care of the soul, show the excellency of this commandment. The day is blessed; men are blessed by it, and in it. The blessing and direction to keep holy are not limited to the seventh day, but are spoken of the sabbath day.
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